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Ariela Zycherman

ABSTRACT

The expansion and intensification of agriculture is a major driver of deforestation in tropical forests and for global climate change. However, over the past decade Brazil has significantly reduced its deforestation rates while simultaneously increasing its agricultural production, particularly cattle and soy. While, the scholarly literature primarily attributes this success to environmental policy and global economic trends, recent ethnographic depictions of cattle ranchers and soy farmers offer deeper insight into how these political and economic processes are experienced on the ground. Examples demonstrate that policy and markets provide a framework for soy farming and ranching, but emerging forms of identity and new cultural values shape their practices. This article argues that to understand the full picture of why Brazil’s deforestation rates have dropped while the agricultural industry has flourished, the culture of producers must be present in the analysis.

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Sabine Hofmeister

This article is based on the thesis that wilderness as a cultural value emerges where it has been lost as a geographical and material phenomenon. In Europe the idea of wilderness experienced a surprising upswing at the end of the twentieth and beginning of the twenty-first century, with wilderness tours, wilderness education, and self-experience trips into “wilderness” becoming widely established. Also, protection of “wilderness areas” which refers to such different phenomena as large forests, wild gardens, and urban wild is very much in demand. Against this background, the article looks into the material-ecological and symbolic-cultural senses of “wilderness” in the context of changing social relations to nature. Three forms of wilderness are distinguished. Adopting a socio-ecological perspective, the article builds on contemporary risk discourse.

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Charlotte Prové, Denise Kemper, and Salma Loudiyi

, geographical, and economic situation, the cultural values, and urban-rural linkages on UAIs. Although the findings presented below need further scrutiny, they illustrate our argument that the contextual factors have to be taken into account to understand how

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Phil Tattersall

of the inquiry was the discovery that the proponents had not adequately addressed significant environmental issues such as soil stability, water quality and yield, cultural values, and tourism amenity. Once again, logging in a fragile catchment area

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Humans, Plants, and Networks

A Critical Review

Laura Calvet-Mir and Matthieu Salpeteur

play a role in structuring plant circulation networks, conferring prestige to the biggest givers (high outdegree) and reinforces hierarchy. Influence of the farmer’s social status is important for plants to which high cultural value is ascribed, and

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J. Cristobal Pizarro and Brendon M. H. Larson

-nature relationships become increasingly problematic in the context of accelerated social change and increasingly contested cultural values about nature; and (b) rapid ecosystem change is forming novel assemblages of new and local species ( Hobbs et al. 2013 ). Seeing

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Explicating Ecoculture

Tracing a Transdisciplinary Focal Concept

Melissa M. Parks

Western scientists maintain stark delineations of what makes a natural resource, these categories do not encompass cultural values provided by and pertaining to natural resources. To this end, risk assessment of tribal lands in particular requires

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Hydrologic Habitus

Wells, Watering Practices, and Water Supply Infrastructure

Brock Ternes and Brian Donovan

Pride Brown (2017: 221) says water supplies “are the product of public policy, cultural values, and political and economic relations.” The social and physical layouts of cities are inseparable from water policy because hydraulic engineering projects

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Erland Mårald and Erik Westholm

is a national resource. It should be managed in such a way as to provide a valuable yield and at the same time preserve biodiversity” ( Skogsvårdslag 1993 ). Forest management practices needed to consider biodiversity as well as aesthetic and cultural

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Eleanor Sterling, Tamara Ticktin, Tē Kipa Kepa Morgan, Georgina Cullman, Diana Alvira, Pelika Andrade, Nadia Bergamini, Erin Betley, Kate Burrows, Sophie Caillon, Joachim Claudet, Rachel Dacks, Pablo Eyzaguirre, Chris Filardi, Nadav Gazit, Christian Giardina, Stacy Jupiter, Kealohanuiopuna Kinney, Joe McCarter, Manuel Mejia, Kanoe Morishige, Jennifer Newell, Lihla Noori, John Parks, Pua’ala Pascua, Ashwin Ravikumar, Jamie Tanguay, Amanda Sigouin, Tina Stege, Mark Stege, and Alaka Wali

society. The “traditional economy,” as it has come to be called in Vanuatu, is governed by shared cultural values and rules that dictate control over available resources ( Regenvanu 2010 ). Unlike the economy valued in monetary terms, there are imposed