various studies and long-term ethnographic fieldwork among footballers in urban southern Ghana between 2010 and 2016. Mainly, it entailed informal conversations, formal interviews (biographical and narrative) as well as participant observation of the
Male West African Youth, ‘Waithood’ and the Pursuit of Social Becoming through Football
Christian Ungruhe and James Esson
This article examines multiculturalism and gender equality in the light of ethnicity, gender, and agency so as to illustrate how gender equality is used as a marker of Finnishness in various youth work contexts. The data presented consists of interviews with youth workers (n=42) and ethnographic fieldwork carried out from 2003 to 2005. The results illustrate that questions related to multiculturalism have enhanced the visibility of gender equality in youth work. The identification of gender-based inequality is connected, in particular, to girls from migrant backgrounds whose education and well-being are of social concern. Youth work itself is often seen as gender-neutral and equality-based. However, this illusion of gender equality reflects more the ideals of equality which are not being concretized in the practices of youth work. Equality in this context is defined as a purely quantitative concept: the solution to any possible inequalities is, therefore, that everyone should be treated in the same way.
Gender at Play
In this article, I explore how the beliefs of preschool teachers that equality is the norm in their classrooms shape play periods in ways that may work to disadvantage girls. I argue that equality discourses mask the gender power children must negotiate in their play and that this leaves girls with fewer choices when they are accessing the play environment. With research grounded in fieldwork carried out in four public schools in a Canadian metropolis, I illustrate how liberal notions of equality reinforced the traditional gender binary in children’s play. Moreover, drawing on the work of Jane Roland Martin, I show that liberal understandings of equality work to sustain a male-centered education for all students in preschool. To explore ways to attend to such gender inequalities, I turn to Nel Noddings’s concept of an ethics of care and point to the need to challenge the gender binary in early learning.
There is probably no topic associated with doing fieldwork with girls and young women that evokes more concern than the issue of ethics. For many members of university research ethics boards (REBs) the very term girls in the title of a project sets
Formative Experiences and Identity in Peasant Childhood
This article is based on ethnographic research I started in 2008 as part of a team studying formative experience and identity among different ethnic groups in Argentina ( Novaro 2011 ). I selected San Ignacio 1 for my fieldwork because this rural
Intergenerational Activism and the Ethics of Empowering Girls
rapport and shared understanding in fieldwork blurring the boundaries between adults and girls, researcher and researched. To date, I have interviewed over sixty girl-activists to the UN as part of a larger project on North American girls’ political
Solveig Roth and Dagny Stuedahl
. We carried out our fieldwork in a multi-ethnic suburb of about 100,000 inhabitants in a town of 600,000 people that was populated originally by Norwegian working-class families. However, since the 1970s, many immigrant groups have settled there; in
The Chicago School’s Struggle to Humanize Transgression
were really engaging in the development of experimental social research methods, actively trying to resolve fieldwork issues. In this sense, David Matza (1969) was accurate when he identified that the work of the Chicago School is built around
A Success Story?
Mercedes González de la Rocha and Agustín Escobar Latapí
girls’ well-being has improved. In 2008, we conducted ethnographic fieldwork in 12 rural communities with households that had been enrolled in the program since 1997 in order to gain knowledge about the lives of long-term beneficiaries as part of an
Girls with Disabilities Exhibit their Work
Naydene de Lange, Nguyen Thi Lan Anh, and Nghiem Thi Thu Trang
through to a printed 70-page colour exhibition catalogue, as well as a professionally created video. Through Exhibition Dialogue One: Exhibition in Hoang Cau in Cau Giay, Hanoi Immediately after the fieldwork with the girls had been completed, the