Russians often use slogans to triangulate themselves between state and society, and slogans about youth are no exception. This article conducts a cultural historical analysis of how the concept of 'youth' has been applied both to young people and to the idea of a nation in Siberia. The author argues that categories of youth in Russia, and in Siberia, are very different from their Euro-American cousins. Citing survey data, and material from historical and contemporary movements for self-determination, he argues that youth discourse is future-oriented, collectivist, and is often used in an ironic register in order to carry moral messages.
The irony of youth discourse in Siberia
David G. Anderson
David G. Anderson
This article gives an overview of the primary records of the 1926-1927 Turukhansk Polar Census Expedition. The author argues that rather than being an exercise in statistical surveillance, the expedition can be better characterized as a classical expedition of discovery. The article describes the structure of the expedition and the documents that were collected, places the expedition in a history of the surveillance of aboriginal peoples, and presents a research program for re-analyzing the data in light of the contemporary interests of Siberian indigenous peoples.
The Digitization and Analysis of Early Twentieth-Century Central Siberian Photographic Collections
David G. Anderson and Craig Campbell
This article documents over five years of exploratory work digitizing glass plate negatives across Siberia dating from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The article explains the technical and cultural challenges governing access to these collections and offers a preliminary analysis of the themes common to this collection of over 4,000 images. The article is accompanied by a photo essay, which provides a sample of the material and the attributions, as well as references to electronic resources for the full collection and guides to further digitization.
Elena A. Volzhanina and David G. Anderson
This article presents an ethno-demographic analysis of a regional group of Tunguses and Iakuts residing in a gold-mining area, whose traditional economy underwent profound changes at the beginning of the twentieth century. This article uses original sources to reconstruct the population of these groups, and to determine their major demographic characteristics. The authors posit that the most cogent demographic indicator, and the key factor for the dissolution of the traditional social structure is the gender imbalance, favoring males, which existed in the area as a result of industrial development.
The story of one family's struggle with Shamanism
David G. Anderson and Nataliia A. Orekhova
This contribution consists of excerpts from the diary of a missionary-priest, preceded by an introduction to him and his descendants. Mikhail Suslov was a central figure in the Enisei Missionary Society in the late nineteenth century. He had a deep sympathy for the peoples with whom he came in contact, attempting to understand the shamanic world-view as well as to spread Orthodoxy. His son, also Mikhail, served a six-year apprenticeship with Evenki reindeer-herders before following in his father's footsteps. The third in the line, Innokentii Mikhailovich, became an early Bolshevik administrator, adopting an approach, recalling that of his grandfather to an earlier stage of modernisation. The excerpts from the diary evocatively describe the harsh conditions of the natural setting, the way of life of the native peoples, and aspects of their reception of Russian culture.
John P. Ziker and David G. Anderson
This special issue of Sibirica features a selection of recent research on the demography of Siberians with a special emphasis on what Russian scholars call the etnodemografiia of the “sparse” (malochislennye) peoples of Siberia. Demographic analysis has occupied a privileged place in the study of Siberia serving interests that go well beyond the tallying of souls that one usually associates with this exercise. The very first Imperial-era surveys of Siberia, aside from providing a description of the geography, described the character and qualities of the people encountered (Castrén 1853–1858; Fisher 1774; Georgi 1799; Middendorf 1860–1869). Early scholars of Siberian peoples thought that they needed to understand both the size and social structure of local societies in order to tax them efficiently. Early registers of indigenous peoples in the seventeenth century tended to focus on the numbers of male hunters likely to provision the furs coveted by the Russian state (Bakhrushin 1955). However, by a very early date in the nineteenth century, the Russian state created regular tribute quotas matched to the “level of civilization” of specific nations (Raeff 1956). By contrast, what one today might recognize as a modern type of population survey based on the interviews of individual men and women came relatively late with the 1897 All-Russian Census and arguably was only implemented completely for the first time with the Soviet population census of 1926. The latter census incorporated an especially intensive survey of the “polar” and indigenous (tuzemnoe) population (Anderson 2006). The state curiosity in the populousness and professional structure of all of the discrete peoples in Russia continued as a constant concern throughout the Soviet period, and with a brief post- Soviet hiatus, is continuing in the Russian Federation. How can these three hundred years of surveying be best understood?
David G. Anderson, Judith Nordby, David N. Collins, Alexander King, John Sallnow and Andrew Spencer
Peter Jordan, Material Culture and Sacred Landscape: The Anthropology of the Siberian Khanty (Oxford: Altamira Press, 2003) 320pp. photographs, diagrams, maps, index. £22.95 (pb). ISBN 0-7591-0277-5
Claudine Cohen, The Fate of the Mammoth: Fossils, Myths and History (translated by William Rodarmor) (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002) 298pp. pictures, maps, index. £21.00 (hb). ISBN 0-226-11292
Dendeviin Badarch, Raymond A. Zilinskas and Peter J. Balint, eds, Mongolia Today: Science, Culture, Environment and Development , with a foreword by Natsagiin Bagabandi, President of Mongolia (London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003) 274pp. £65.00. ISBN 0-7007-1598-3
Sharon Hudgins, The Other Side of Russia: A Slice of Life in Siberia and the Russian Far East (College Station, Tex.: Texas A & M University Press, 2003) 319pp. maps, photographs, bibliographical essay, index. £26.95. ISBN 1- 58544-237-2 (East European Studies, no. 21)
Alice Beck Kehoe, Shamans and Religion: An Anthropological Exploration in Critical Thinking (Prospect Heights, Ill.: Waveland, 2000) 125pp. £12.95 (pb). ISBN 1-57766-162-1; Ronald Hutton, Shamans: Siberian Spirituality and the Western Imagination (London: Hambledon & London, 2001) 220pp. £16.95 (hb). ISBN 1-85285-324-7
Michael J. Bradshaw and Philip Hanson, eds, The Territories of the Russian Federation (London: Europa Publications Limited, 2002) 309pp. £75.00. ISBN 1-85743-142-1
Elena Maslova, A Grammar of Kolyma Yukaghir (Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2002) xviii + 609pp. € 148.00 (hb). ISBN 3-11-017527-4
David. G Anderson, Derrick Pritchatt, Judith Nordby, Diane Nelson and David N. Collins
Petra Rethmann, Tundra Passages: History and Gender in the Russian Far East
Stephen Kotkin and Bruce Elleman, eds, Mongolia in the Twentieth Century: Landlocked Cosmopolitan
Frederick Nixson, Bat Suvd, Puntsagdash Luvsandorj and Bernard Walters, eds, The Mongolian Economy: A Manual of Applied Economics for a Country in Transition
Edward J. Vajda, Yeniseian Peoples and Languages. A History of Yeniseian Studies, with an Annotated Bibliography
Wieland Hintzsche, Thomas Nickol and Ol’ga Vladimirovna Novochatko, eds, Georg Wilhelm Steller: Briefe und Dokumente, 1740
Wieland Hintzsche, ed., Georg Wilhelm Steller, Stepan Krašeninnikov, Johann Eberhard Fischer: Reisetagebücher, 1735 bis 1743
Alexander B. Dolitsky, Jarosław Derlicki, David G. Anderson, Sergei Dobrynin, Mark A. Wade, Anna Peck, David Z. Scheffel and Marie Sevela
Lydia Black, Russians in Alaska, 1732–1867
Iurii M. Serdiukov and Evgenii N. Spasskii, eds., Journal: Sotsial’nye i Gumanitarnye Nauki na Dal’nem Vostoke
Molly Lee and Gregory A. Reinhardt, Eskimo Architecture: Dwelling and Structure in the Early Historic Period
Eva-Maria Stolberg, ed., The Siberian Saga: A History of Russia’s Wild East
Leo McCann, Economic Development in Tatarstan: Global Markets and a Russian Region
Agnieszka E. Halemba, The Telengits of Southern Siberia: Landscape, Religion and Knowledge in Motion
Nikolai Vakhtin, Evgenii Golovko, and Peter Schweitzer, Russkie starozhily Sibiri: Sotsial’nye i simvolicheskie aspekty samosoznaniia
A.I. Kostanov and V.B. Kataev, eds., “Byt’ mozhet, prigodiatsia i moi tsifry …” Materialy sakhalinskoi perepisi A.P. Chekhova. 1890 god
Alexander D. King, David G. Anderson, Tatiana Argounova-Low, Cathryn Brennan, Patty A. Gray and Joachim Otto Habeck
This issue of Sibirica is the last to be published with Taylor and Francis. The Editors would like to thank Richard Delahunty and Liz Eades at Taylor and Francis for their kind assistance during this difficult time of transition. This issue also marks the last volume for David Collins as Reviews Editor. John Ziker, Boise State University, USA, has taken up the mantel for Volume 5, and all correspondence regarding book reviews should be sent directly to him at JZiker@boisestate.edu.