Sartre's interventions at the Vienna, Berlin, and Helsinki Congresses of the World Peace Council are examined in depth. Neglected and overlooked for over a half-century, it is argued that the themes Sartre elaborated in these speeches were consonant with the political and intellectual projects he had been developing since the mid-1930s. Although Sartre spoke as a Marxist who had allied himself with the Communist Party, his deepest concern was to build international unity in opposition to the escalating threat of nuclear war, and to restore political and economic sovereignty to a Western Europe crushed by dependency on America. Freedom for all the world's peoples, Sartre argued, depended on mutual interdependence between nations, built from the ground up by the popular masses.
Sartre's phobia of crabs is traced through his experimental experience with mescaline and such literary works as Nausea, The Words and The Condemned of Altona. The phobia is analysed through an examination of Sartre's biphasic childhood Oedipus complex and attendant castration anxiety relating to his mother, father and stepfather. Finally, the question is raised of what the existence of unconscious phobias might imply about the relations between existentialism and psychoanalysis.
Matthew C. Eshleman, David Lethbridge, J. C. Berendzen, and T Storm Heter
T Storm Heter, Sartre’s Ethics of Engagement Review by Matthew C. Eshleman
Jean-Paul Sartre, The Aftermath of War Review by David Lethbridge
David Sherman, Sartre and Adorno: The Dialectics of Subjectivity Review by J. C. Berendzen
Yiwei Zheng, Ontology and Ethics in Sartre’s Early Philosophy Review by T Storm Heter