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Didier Gazagnadou

In this article, the author investigates, from an anthropological point of view, why many Iranian women (and even some men) resort to rhinoplasty – that is, surgery to alter the appearance of the nose – for cosmetic purposes. When did this phenomenon begin in Iran? Which social classes and ages are concerned? What is the relationship between this practice and Iranian society in general? Is it the result of foreign cultural influences? What comparisons can be made with other cultures? Born of a micro-sociological case, these interrogations address the anthropology of Iranian society, which, like many others, has been engaged for several decades in an ‘exchange process’ that today is commonly known as globalisation.

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Note on the Question of Animal Suffering in Medieval Islam

Muslim Mu‘tazilite Theology Confronted by Manichean Iranian Thought

Didier Gazagnadou

Abstract

The suffering and cruelty inflicted on animals in the medieval Muslim world has been the subject of widespread theological-philosophical debate between Muslim thinkers and Iranian Manicheans. A Mu‘tazilite thinker ‘Abd al-Jabbâr al-Hamadânî al-Asadâbâdî takes Manichean objections into consideration.