This article analyzes the Gulag memoirs of four women political prisoners—Olga Adamova-Sliozberg, Liudmila Miklashevskaya, Nadezhda Joffe, and Valentina Grigorievna levleva-Pavlenko—to examine the interplay of motherhood and survival. Each was a mother of small children sentenced to forced labor camps in the northern polar regions of the Soviet Union. Motherhood played a complex role in their survival. The rupture in family relations, particularly the separation from their children, magnified the psychological and emotional stress of their incarceration. Yet, being a mother in the camps provided a compelling motivation to stay alive. It helped them to sustain a sense of normalcy by connecting them to their former lives and to the family unit that represented stability and sustenance amid the bleakness of their Gulag existence.
John McCannon, Jenanne Ferguson, Elaine Mackinnon and David Z. Scheffel
David G. Anderson, ed., 1926/27 Soviet Polar Census Expeditions John McCannon
László Károly, Deverbal Nominals in Yakut: A Historical Approach Jenanne Ferguson
Matthew P. Romaniello, The Elusive Empire: Kazan and the Creation of Russia, 1552–1672 Elaine Mackinnon
Mikhail V. Chevalkov, Testament of Memory: A Siberian Life David Z. Scheffel
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