This chapter, which is devoted to the principal features of education
policies in 2001, opens with two facts relating to each of the
two sectors involved – school and university. Since the year 2001
was an election year which thus saw two different governments,
it seems appropriate to point out the characteristic traits of each
government in their handling of the two sectors in question. A
direct comparison will underline any similarities and differences in the strategy and actions of the public policies pursued by both
the outgoing and the incoming government.