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In Memoriam

Pierre Bonte (1942–2013)

Jean-Pierre Digard

Membre du bureau éditorial d’Anthropology of the Middle East, Pierre Bonte s’est éteint le 4 novembre 2013 à l’âge de soixante-et-onze ans. Né le 25 août 1942 dans le nord de la France, au sein d’une famille de mineurs et d’instituteurs laïcs – il eut un grand-père, mineur, qui fut député communiste–, Pierre Bonte obtint son baccalauréat à Lille en 1960, puis une licence de sociologie et plusieurs certificats de psychologie à Paris en 1964. Intéressé par l’ethnologie, Pierre Bonte commença par étudier les Touaregs Kel Gress du Niger auxquels il consacra sa thèse de doctorat en ethnologie préparée sous la direction d’André Leroi-Gourhan puis de Robert Cresswell et soutenue à l’Université Paris V-Sorbonne en 1970.

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Jean-Pierre Digard

Floor, Willem (2003), Agriculture in Qajar Iran (Washington, DC: Mage Publishers). 692 pp.

Scholz, Fred (2002), Nomadism and Colonialism: A Hundred Years of Baluchistan 1872–1972, trans. Hugh Van Skyhawk (Oxford: Oxford University Press). xviii–328 pages, bibliography, figures, index.

Tapper, Richard and McLachlan, Keith (2003) (eds.), Technology, Tradition and Survival: Aspects of Material Culture in the Middle East and Central Asia (London and Portland, OR: Frank Cass) (History and Society in the Islamic World Series). 256 pages, 49 pl. h.-t., illustrations, maps, index. Published with the assistance of the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO), the British Institute for Persian Studies (BIPS) and the Centre of Near and Middle Eastern Studies (CNMES) at the London School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS).

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Jean-Pierre Digard

Abstract

The consumption of meat depends first of all on religious prescripts: unlike Christianity, Judaism and Islam prohibit certain meats. Then comes the cultural status (distinct from the legal status) of animals: in Europe, the consumption of rabbits has declined due to his assimilation to a “pet”. After an increase in the post Second World War period, meat consumption has been declining in Europe since the 2000s; similarly, in North Africa and the Middle East, its consumption tends to be closer to that of Europe. These fluctuations owe more to changes in living modes and standards than to animalist activism.

Résumé

La consommation carnée dépend d'abord de prescriptions religieuses : à la différence du christianisme, le judaïsme et l'islam interdisent certaines viandes. Vient ensuite le statut culturel (distinct du statut légal) des animaux : en Europe, la consommation du lapin a reculé du fait de son assimilation à un « animal de compagnie ». En Europe toujours, après une hausse après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, la consommation carnée diminue depuis les années 2000 ; à l'inverse, en Afrique du Nord et au Moyen-Orient, elle tend à se rapprocher de celle de l'Europe. Ces fluctuations doivent davantage à l'évolution des genres et des niveaux de vie qu'au militantisme animaliste.

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Reports

Publications, Films and Conferences

Jean-Pierre Digard, Leili S. Mohammadi, and Gay Breyley

PUBLICATIONS

Chatty, Dawn and Finlayson, Bill (eds.) (2009), Dispossession and Displacement: Forced Migration in the Middle East and North Africa (Oxford: Oxford University Press for the British Academy, British Academy Occasional Paper No. 14), 298 pp.

FILMS

Jalali, Babak (2009), Frontier Blues, Iran/U.K./Italy, 95 minutes.

CONFERENCES

‘Knowledge and Value in a Globalising World’, July 2011, IUAES/AAS/ASAANZ Joint Conference, University of Western Australia

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Reports

Publications, Films and Conferences

Jean-Pierre Digard, Soraya Tremayne, Taiba Sadeq, Soheila Shahshahani, and Mary Elaine Hegland

PUBLICATIONS

Jacquesson, Svetlana (2010), Pastoréalismes: Anthropologie historique des processus d’intégration chez les Kirghiz du Tian Shan intérieur (Wiesbaden: Reichert/ « Nomaden und Sesshafte », Band 14). xii + 281 pp., bibliography, index. ISBN 978-3895007699.

Newcomb, Rachel (2009), Women of Fes: Ambiguities of Urban Life in Morocco (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press). 234 pp., bibliography, index. ISBN 978-0812241242.

FILMS

Abul, Shaker (2011), The Winds Are Fair, Same as Our Intention, 22 minutes.

Saadi, Shilan (2011), An Alley Behind Our House, 12 minutes.

CONFERENCES

Association for the Study of Persianate Societies (ASPS) Conference, 4–8 January 2012, Hyderabad, India

International Society for Iranian Studies (ISIS) Conference, 1–5 August 2012, Istanbul, Turkey

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Reports

Publications, Films and Conferences

Jean-Pierre Digard, Sigal Nagar-Ron, Soraya Tremayne, Soheila Shahshahani, and Veronica Buffon

PUBLICATIONS

Anatoly M. Khazanov and Günther Schlee (eds.) (2011), Who Owns the Stock? Collective and Multiple Property Rights in Animals (New York/Oxford: Berghahn Books), "Integration and Conflict Studies", Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle/Saale, vol. 5, 332 pp., 8 maps, 19 tables, 66 fig., biblio., index.

Motzafi-Haller, Pnina (2012), In the Cement Boxes: Mizrahi Women in the Israeli Periphery (The Hebrew University Magnes Press), pp. 276, ISBN: 978- 965-493-650-7.

Helie, Anissa and Hoodfar, Homa (eds.) (2012), Sexuality in Muslim Contexts: Restrictions and Resistance (London: Zed Books), Pb., glossary, xiv + 346 pp., index, ISBN: 978-1-78032-286-8.

FILMS

What is Farhâdi Trying to Portray of Iranian Everyday Life and Iranian Characters in His Films?

CONFERENCES

Encounters and Engagements: Creating New Agendas for Medical Anthropology, 12–14 June 2013, EASA/SMA/URV Joint International Conference, Tarragona, Spain.