Wood and Flinders posit that intentionality and motivation are critical sites of analysis when determining whether an act is, or should be made out to be, political or apolitical. I agree with this assertion—both the intention behind an actor’s act, for example, what motivates the action, must be taken into consideration before such classifications are made. Yet, intentionality and motivation are more complicated and problematic than the authors make them out to be—especially online.
A Response to Flinders and Wood
Jeffrey D. Hilmer and Max Halupka
John Medearis, Why Democracy Is Oppositional (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2015), 253 pp., ISBN: 9780674725331
Patricia Loncle, Morena Cuconato, Virginie Muniglia, and Andreas Walther, eds., Youth Participation in Europe: Beyond Discourses, Practices, and Realities (Bristol: Policy Press, 2013), 280 pp., ISBN: 9781447300182