This article traces four contested identity claims that carry gender meanings into politics and express the gendered tensions awakened along specific dimensions of institutional change across the past twenty years. The cultural definition of the German nation in the face of immigration, the integration of the German state in a transnational project of making a single Europe, the economic restructuring of unification and its effects on the resources and opportunities available on each side of the former wall, and political changes in the representation of women in state offices, by parties and in national policy-making all reflect continuing struggles over the institutionalized boundaries of inclusion and exclusion as a nation, an imagined community. All of these processes engage passionate feelings about gender relations and have implications for the ordinary lives of women and men as citizens and family members in the new Berlin Republic.
Myra Marx Ferree
Considering Angela Merkel as a female candidate raises questions of the extent to which political leadership has become degendered in recent decades. Three issues of gender and politics are considered here: the changes in expectations for women in public life, the shift in defining what is a "woman's interest" and how women may represent such interests, and the degree to which women challenge the "old boys' networks" with alternative connections to women and provide a critical mass rather than just an individual in office. The implications of each of these dimensions for assessing the impact of Merkel on German politics are considered. I suggest that her role can be seen as a feminist one, even if her own politics are not.
Myra Marx Ferree, Jeffrey Luppes, Randall Newnham, David Freis, David N. Coury, Carol Hager and Angelika von Wahl
Charity Scribner, After the Red Army Faction: Gender, Culture and Militancy (New York: Columbia University Press, 2015) Reviewed by Myra Marx Ferree
Despina Stratigakos, Hitler at Home (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2015) Reviewed by Jeffrey Luppes
Carolin Hilpert, Strategic Cultural Change and the Challenge for Security Policy: Germany and the Bundeswehr’s Deployment to Afghanistan (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014) Reviewed by Randall Newnham
Klaus Weinhauer, Anthony McElligott, and Kirsten Heinsohn, ed., Germany 1916–1923: A Revolution in Context (Bielefeld: transcript, 2016) Reviewed by David Freis
Esra Özyürek, Being German, Becoming Muslim: Race, Religion, and Conversion in the New Europe (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2016) Reviewed by David N. Coury
Amy Austin Holmes, Social Unrest and American Military Bases in Turkey and Germany since 1945 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014) Reviewed by Carol Hager
Clayton J. Whisnant, Queer Identities and Politics in Germany: A History 1880-1945 (New York: Harrington Park Press, 2016) Reviewed by Angelika von Wahl
James Bindenagel, Matthias Herdegen, and Karl Kaiser, ed., Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert: Deutschlands internationale Verantwortung (Göttingen: V&R unipress, 2016) Reviewed by Randall Newnham