This special issue focuses on universities run by and for the benefit of students, academics and the public. Three contributions cover existing initiatives from ‘free’ universities and other long-established institutions that are fee-free and where students and faculty are central to their operations and governance.1 Other contributions focus on using tried and tested participatory organisational structures to create alternatives to the deteriorating state of universities: one sets out ways universities could be run by ‘beneficial owners’; the other reports on a project to design cooperative universities.
Susan Wright and Davydd J. Greenwood
Susan Wright and Davydd J. Greenwood
After analysing the organisational pathologies and societal ills created by the neoliberalisation of universities, the article engages in an organisational critique of the pseudo-business model currently in use. It poses as a solution the re-creation of universities as trusts, with a model of beneficiary ownership, a matrix form of organisation and renewed relations with society. For inspiration it looks to beneficiaryrun organisations on the model of the John Lewis Partnership or the Mondragón University. The article explains why such beneficial matrix organisations are superior to current universities and how they offer an opportunity to recreate universities for the public good.
Susan Wright, Davydd Greenwood and Rebecca Boden
We have been investigating universities in our own countries for many years and are now turning our attention to exploring alternatives to current reforms. As part of these investigations, we spent two days of interviews and meetings at Mondragón, a town in Gipúzkoa in the Spanish Basque Country.
Mondragón is at the centre of one of the largest groups of co-operatives in the world and in 1997 set up what is probably the only co-operative university in existence. This highly successful university has a solidary economy, effective methods of knowledge generation and transfer, and is expanding. Among its unique features are flat hierarchies and forms of self-management, community engagement and student participation built on an overall concept of the solidarity of the stakeholders.
Steven Brooke, Dafne Accoroni, Olga Ulturgasheva, Anastasios Panagiotopoulos, Eugenia Roussou, Francesco Vacchiano, Jeffrey D. Howison, Susan Greenwood, Yvonne Daniel, Joana Bahia, Gloria Goodwin Raheja, Charles Lincoln Vaughan, Katrien Pype and Linda van de Kamp
Al-Arian, Abdullah, Answering the Call: Popular Islamic Activism in Sadat’s Egypt, 320 pp., notes, bibliography, index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. Hardback, £37.49. ISBN 9780199931279.
Amster, Ellen J., Medicine and the Saints: Science, Islam, and the Colonial Encounter in Morocco, 1877–1956, 350 pp., foreword, notes, bibliography, index. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2013. Paperback, $34.95. ISBN 9780292762114.
Balzer, Marjorie M., Shamans, Spirituality, and Cultural Revitalization: Explorations in Siberia and Beyond, 287 pp., bibliography, index. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2011. Paperback, $35. ISBN 9781137005564.
Beliso-De Jesús, Aisha M., Electric Santería: Racial and Sexual Assemblages of Transnational Religion, 304 pp., preface, epilogue, glossary, notes, references, index. New York: Columbia University Press, 2015. Paperback, $30/£22. ISBN 9780231173179.
Bull, Michael, and Jon P. Mitch ell, eds., Ritual, Performance and the Senses, 224 pp., illustrations, notes, bibliography, index. London: Bloomsbury, 2015. Hardback, £60. ISBN 9780857854735.
Connor, Phillip, Immigrant Faith: Patterns of Immigrant Religion in the United States, Canada, and Western Europe, 192 pp., figures, tables, notes, bibliography, index. New York: New York University Press, 2014. Paperback, $22. ISBN 9781479883790.
Elshakry, Marwa, Reading Darwin in Arabic, 1860–1950, 448 pp., afterword, notes, bibliography, index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014. Hardback, $45. ISBN 9780226001302.
Ezzy, Douglas, Sex, Death and Witchcraft: A Contemporary Pagan Festival, 216 pp., illustrations, appendix, references. London: Bloomsbury, 2014. Hardback, £65. ISBN 9781472522467.
Juncker, Kristine, Afro-Cuban Religious Arts: Popular Expressions of Cultural Inheritance in Espiritismo and Santería, 208 pp., plates, figures, tables, notes, bibliography, index. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 2014. Hardcover, $71. ISBN 9780813049700.
King, Lindsey, Spiritual Currency in Northeast Brazil, 168 pp., notes, bibliography, index. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2014. Hardcover, $55. ISBN 9780826355317.
Manigault-Bryant, LeRhonda S., Talking to the Dead: Religion, Music, and Lived Memory among Gullah/Geechee Women, 278 pp., appendix, notes, bibliography, index. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2014. Paperback, $24.95. ISBN 9780822356745.
O’Neill, Kevin L., Secure the Soul: Christian Piety and Gang Prevention in Guatemala, 288 pp., illustrations, appendix, notes, references, index. Oakland: University of California Press, 2015. Paperback, $24.95. ISBN 9780520278493.
Smith, James H., and Ngeti Mwadime, Email from Ngeti: An Ethnography of Sorcery, Redemption, and Friendship in Global Africa, 240 pp., appendix, notes, bibliography. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2014. Paperback, $29.95. ISBN 9780520281127.
Van Wyk, Ilana, The Universal Church of the Kingdom of God in South Africa: A Church of Strangers, 280 pp., figures, glossary, bibliography, index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. Hardcover, £65.00. ISBN 9781107057241.