Sailing ships played a significant role in the colonization of Alaska during the Russian period (1741–1867). However, classifying them is sometimes very difficult because the historical sources are very scarce and even contradictory. These difficulties lead to many errors in classification of specific vessels on the pages of scholarly literature. In addition, some authors have poor knowledge of maritime affairs. As a result, “frigatomania” is especially frequently encountered in Russian (occasionally in American) historiography. A correct classification of the ships allows us to better understand the scale of colonial expansion.
Andrei V. Grinëv and Richard Bland
their relatives on the hunt for sea otters (Tikhmenev 1863: 2:149). Baranov's position was further strengthened in 1799 after the formation, on the base of the conglomerate of Shelikhov companies, of the single monopolistic Russian-American Company
Andrei V. Grinëv
Islands, by the famous Second Kamchatka Expedition of V. I. Bering and A. I. Chirikov. 4 At the moment of incorporation of Finland into the composition of Russia, the American possessions of the latter were managed by the Russian-American Company (RAC), a
Revisiting Canadian Economic Footprints in Siberia, 1890s–1921
Canada's interest in Russia's Far East and Siberia has a long history, propelled in the nineteenth century by London's Hudson's Bay Company driving eastward and St. Petersburg's Russian-American Company driving westward. Competition and sometime cooperation led to mutually beneficial projects shaping up in the early 20th century, among them plans to link up the Canadian Pacific Rail and Steamship Line with the Trans-Siberian in a trading complex that would have circumnavigated the world. The Great War, the Russian Revolution, and Civil War, sealed the fate of this grandiose vision. Studies on Western involvement in the Russian Civil War highlight, reasonably, the military dimensions of intervention. Canada sent troops to Siberia as well, but Ottawa's ambition was primarily trade. Using untapped Russian archival material and contemporary Siberian newspaper reports, this article revisits Canada's participation in Russia's postwar conflagration with emphasis on the extent to which expectation of economic gain shaped Canada's official and private presence in Siberia.
Past and Present
Matthew P. Romaniello
breadth of disciplines: history, anthropology, linguistics, and environmental studies, to name a few. It begins with a look at the contribution of Finnish ships and sailors to the Russian American Company’s efforts in the North Pacific by the eminent
economic sabotage), but nevertheless led to strict attempts from the Russian-American company at the turn of the century onward to squash such displays of dissatisfaction, rather than attempting to change any of its oft-exploitative practices. In this case
Exporting New Habits to Siberia and Russian America
Matthew P. Romaniello
eastern end of the Aleutian Island chain, on Kodiak Island, in 1784. By 1799, the Russian-American Company (RAC) had been assembled from the diverse earlier companies (including the Golikov-Shelekhov) to hold a chartered monopoly on the American trade