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De-Orientalizing the Western Gaze on Eastern Europe

The First Soviet Occupation in Lithuanian History Textbooks

Barbara Christophe

eyes of Western European observers. They are often alleged to privilege national master narratives focused around self-victimization of the “us-group,” thus trailing far behind the cosmopolitan memory practices associated with Western Europe. The

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Remembering the Second World War in Post-Soviet Educational Media

Barbara Christophe

of the West. 21 This difference is even said to have influenced the preferred choice of media used as a means to store memories. While Western European countries are seen as inclined toward fixing consensual interpretations of the past by literally

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Enis Sulstarova

national history. The world history narrative follows the progress of the main western nations closely, although this Eurocentric narrative is occasionally interrupted by snapshots of other continents. The focus on the history of the western European

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Places of Progress? Technology Museums, Memory, and Education

Christian Kehrt and Daniel Brandau

, commemorating the working-class victims of the Kapp Putsch of 1920. 7 As a sign of political caesura after 1945, overtly fascist monuments were removed in not just Eastern but also Western Europe. However, the actual remembrance of the war in formerly occupied

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War Memories and Online Encyclopedias

Framing 30 June 1941 in Wikipedia

Mykola Makhortykh

its impact on biography writing, 29 and its use for commemorating wars 30 and revolutions. 31 The majority of these studies, however, tend to focus on western European and American memories; only a few of them 32 explore how Wikipedia is used to

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Negotiating the Nation in History

The Swedish State Approval Scheme for Textbooks and Teaching Aids from 1945 to 1983

Henrik Åström Elmersjö

the rise of education for democratic citizenship in most western European countries, history education in general and nationalistic history education in particular were questioned. 4 The same doubts had arisen in the interwar period, but these were

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“The Community is Everything, The Individual is Nothing”

The Second World War in Russian History Education

Dagmara Moskwa

a war of liberation (of Europe from fascism) and defense (of Soviet territory from Germany). For Russians, the first phase of the Second World War (from 1939 to 1941) holds different connotations than it does for Western Europeans. From the Russian

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Peenemünde Contested

Remembering Second World War Technologies in Rural East Germany from 1984 to 1992

Daniel Brandau

antifascist narrative framework concerning the old Peenemünde elites, but publications were often vague about the actual place or other engineers and scientists involved, and for good reason. While many Peenemünders worked for US or Western European military

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The Postwar Schoolbook as a Material Artifact

Two Greek Reading Textbooks from 1944

Niki Sioki

In contrast to the countries of Western Europe, the end of the Second World War did not bring political restoration, economic recovery, or the emergence of a new social order to Greece. Subscribing to the view that the material form of books and their typography convey meaning, this article presents a comparative study of the design and production of a reading primer and a third-year reading textbook, both of which were published in a climate of political and social disorder. Drawing on surviving copies of the books, educational laws, teachers’ recollections, and archival material, this article examines the ways in which the sociopolitical environment and technological conditions of a publication affect the ways in which texts are shaped into book form.

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From Temporary Migrants to National Inclusion?

The Journey from Finnish Labor Migrants to a National Minority, Visualized by Swedish Textbooks from 1954 to 2016

Lina Spjut

migrants from Western Europe, and this affected people's opinions. 78 Since the late 1980s, Swedish immigration policy had changed, and new voices in politics, media, and social debate demanded a clearer immigration policy, including suggestions for more