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Certification Regimes in the Global Agro-Food System and the Transformation of the Nature-Society Relationship

Ecological Modernization or Modernization of Ecology?

Md Saidul Islam

Ecological modernization means an “ecological switch” of the industrialization process in a direction that takes sustainability into account ( Spaargaren and Mol 1992 ). The key premise of ecological modernization theory is that capitalism is

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Environmental Expertise as Group Belonging

Environmental Sociology Meets Science and Technology Studies

Rolf Lidskog and Göran Sundqvist

sociology: the treadmill of production, risk society, and ecological modernization. We conclude that these theories are not clear about either what expertise is or how to balance scientism and powerism. Therefore, we turn to science and technology studies

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The Developmental State in Ecological Modernization and the Politics of Environmental Framings: The Case of Singapore and Implications for East Asia

Catherine Mei Ling Wong

In East Asia, climate change as a policy concern has been a late developer. The last decade, however, has seen the mainstreaming of environmental issues in core policy circles, but in the form of market-friendly, pro-industrial development framings. This paper problematizes such environmental framings by looking at the politics of state-led ecological modernization and the institutional reforms that have emerged out of it. It argues that State-led ecological modernization necessarily leads to environmental framings that are too narrowly defined by state and industrial interests - hence the focus on carbon emissions, energy security and the impact on Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The State-driven assumption that society can modernize itself out of its environmental crisis through greater advancements in technological development also ignores the fact that this process often leads to the creation of other environmental and social problems, which in turn undermines the fundamental goals of stability and sustainability. Civil society needs to be given greater space in the policy and framing processes in order to have a more balanced policy approach to environmental reform in a more equitable way.

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Out of Sight, Out of Mind

The Invisible Society of Waste in Singapore

Ng Xin Hui, Kuan Shu Wen, and Md Saidul Islam

replicated and emulated as a model city across Asia and beyond. Theoretical Frameworks For a deeper understanding and analysis of our theoretical puzzle, we draw on the treadmill of production (TOP), the ecological modernization approach (EMA), and

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Lessons from the Framing Contest over UK Shale Development

Impotence and Austerity in Environmental Politics

Laurence Williams

debate and the associated lack of discursive closure in the UK shale development case; and (2) questions that emerge from this case about discursive dynamics in environmental politics more broadly concerning the status of ecological modernization and the

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Distributing Responsibilities in an Agricultural Ecosystem

Insights from the Lake Naivasha Water Basin in Kenya

Gaële Rouillé-Kielo

growth of projects labeled “payments for environmental services” (PES). In line with the discourse on ecological modernization ( Hajer 1995 ) and inspired by a neoclassical economic approach derived from the Coase theorem ( Gómez-Baggethun et al. 2010

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Germany's Green Energy Revolution: Challenging the Theory and Practice of Institutional Change

Carol Hager

The energy revolution poses a fundamental challenge to the German corporatist institutional model. The push for renewables in Germany arose almost entirely outside the prevailing channels of institutional power. Eventually, federal legislation helped support the boom in local energy production that was already underway, and it encouraged the further development of new forms of community investment and citizen participation in energy supply. Recently, the federal government has tried to put the genie back in the bottle by shifting support to large energy producers. But, as this article shows, the energy transition has provided a base for local power that cannot easily be assailed. The debate over German energy policy is becoming a contest between centralized and decentralized models of political and economic power. Prevailing institutionalist theories have difficulty accounting for these developments. I analyze the local development of renewable energy by means of a case study of the Freiburg area in southwestern Germany, which has evolved from a planned nuclear power and fossil fuel center to Germany's “solar region”. Incorporating insights from ecological modernization theory, I show how the locally based push for renewables has grown into a challenge to the direction of German democracy itself.

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Natural Sciences and Social Sciences

Where Do the Twain Meet?

C. S. A. (Kris) van Koppen

development as well as philosophical debates on knowledge, science, and society. To illustrate the central problem that he aims to overcome, Jetzkowitz makes an interesting comparison between deep ecology and ecological modernization as contrasting views on

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Is the ethnography of mushrooming the royal pathway to the anthropology of the Capitalocene?

Laurent Berger

avoided, replacement, and operating costs ( Bruckermann 2020 ). However, while there is a major commonality with other forms of “ecological modernization” in Europe and America, there is also a fundamental divergence in this application of neoliberal

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Is Risk a Drive for Change? Pollution and Risk Displacement in 1970s to 1980s Hong Kong

Lam Yee Man

sense of impending doom in the 1970s, it was not until the 1980s and 1990s that Hong Kong began to feel the same way. While ecological modernization started to emerge in the 1980s in many developed countries, it was not until 2002 that Hong Kong was said