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Race and physical anthropology in interwar Austria

Margit Berner

This article focuses on interwar Austrian physical anthropology, tracing its scientific aspirations, gradual institutionalization, and wider popularization during the interwar period. Largely concentrated in Vienna, Austrian physical anthropologists debated racial questions extensively and conducted racial evaluations based on detailed morphological studies and in-depth analysis of facial "racial" traits. This method was considered ideal for genealogical studies. A host of new societies and working groups collaborated to develop new methodologies and create influential links to universities and public institutions. Within this context, a certificate or "proof of paternity" was developed to resolve disputed court cases. Not only did issuing these certificates become a key source of work and income for anthropologists and their organizations, they also marked the discipline's crucial shift from a theoretical to an applied science.

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Austrian “Gypsies” in the Italian archives

Historical ethnography on multiple border crossings at the beginning of the twentieth century

Paola Trevisan

without too much difficulty. The same passport, therefore, functioned in situations that were seemingly contradictory: it enabled the holder to leave and reenter the Austrian Empire, but not to enter and stay in Italy. In this way, a virtual space was

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Questioned Nationalism

John Bendix

. A Grossmacht in 1815, Austria had become a Kleinstaat a century later. The vast Holy Roman Empire, run by Habsburgs, was first replaced by a smaller Austrian Empire, one called into existence in response to Napoleon declaring the first French

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Contagious Humanism in Early Nineteenth-Century German-Language Press

Heidi Hakkarainen

- und Staats-Bibliothek,” Gelehrte Anzeigen , 29 June 1849. 75 Pieter M. Judson, Exclusive Revolutionaries: Liberal Politics, Social Experience and National Identity in the Austrian Empire, 1848–1914 (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996), 29

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Are Museums Allowed to Keep a Secret?

Secret and Sacred Objects at the Weltmuseum Wien

Anna Bottesi

colonial project ( Augustat 2019 ). The fact that the Austrian Empire (Austria-Hungary from 1867 to 1918) did not possess any official colony does not mean the Habsburg Monarchy abstained from participating in the colonial system. The exemption of the

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Psychoanalyst, Jew, Woman, Wife, Mother, Emigrant

The Émigré Foremothers of Psychoanalysis in the United States

Klara Naszkowska

independence after the First World War. Helene Deutsch and Salomea Gutmann-Isakower were born under Austrian rule, in Polish Galicia. This south-eastern multicultural region had been annexed by the Habsburg Empire (Austrian Empire after 1804; Austro

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Human Connection in the Light of the Writings of Karl Marx and Amartya Sen

An Investigation Using Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis and Manik Bandyopadhyay's Ekannoborti

Simantini Mukhopadhyay

backgrounds of the two authors and the political interpretations of their work, to contextualize and engage in a comparison between the two texts. Born in 1883 in Prague (now in the Czech Republic, then part of the Austrian Empire), Franz Kafka, one of the