This article unveils a virtually unknown chapter in the history of judicial diversity in Israel. During its first 20 years of existence, between 1948 and 1968, only three Arab judges were appointed. Then, within two years, between 1968 and 1969, Israel appointed three additional Arab judges. Two interconnected changes account for this small increase in judicial diversity. First, in the 1960s, the Arab legal elite began to exert pressure on Israeli officials to appoint Arab judges. Second, perhaps partly due to this pressure, the Judicial Selection Committee made having a diverse judiciary a top priority. This historical example teaches us that without outside pressure, the Judicial Selection Committee does not look on diversity as an important consideration, using the merit system of appointment as an excuse for its failure. Indeed, up to the present day, the Israeli judiciary has relatively few Arab judges.
Abstract Universalism and the Unspeakable Making of Race
(2014): 1275–1294, doi: 10.1080/1369183X.2013.847358 ; Mathilde Cohen, “Judicial Diversity in France: the Unspoken and the Unspeakable,” Law & Social Inquiry 43, 4 (2018): 1542–1573, doi: 10.1111/lsi.12331 ; Daniel Sabbagh, “The Rise of Indirect
. 53 Tarr, Judicial Process and Judicial Policy-Making , 52. 54 Gregory L. Acquaviva and John Castiglione, “Judicial Diversity on State Supreme Courts,” Seton Hall Law Review 39, no. 4 (2009): 1203–1261. 55 Landfried, “Die Wahl der
–194, here 175–176. 73 Mathias Möschel, Law, Lawyers and Race: Critical Race Theory from the United States to Europe (Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2014), 122–139. 74 See on this particularly for France: Mathilde Cohen, “Judicial Diversity in France: The
A White Republic? Whites and Whiteness in France
Mathilde Cohen and Sarah Mazouz
exception of Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon. Dominique Mataillet, “Combien sont-ils?,” Jeune Afrique , 2 April 2007, http://www.jeuneafrique.com/132911/archives-thematique/combien-sont-ils/ . 80 Mathilde Cohen, “Judicial Diversity in France: The Unspoken and