Sacrifice is an act and a concept of considerable importance to contemporary conflict. However, interpretations of the role and nature of sacrifice vary historically, culturally, and situationally. This article discusses the various ways that sacrifice has been interpreted in the anthropological literature, including an analysis of forms of conflict, negotiation, and sacrifice pertaining to Bougainville. Professional conciliators and government emissaries negotiating a solution to the Bougainville conflict brought into play ideologies and processes they often claimed were based on an understanding of indigenous ways of resolving conflict. A critical assessment of this claim discusses the possible effects of the co-option of ritual and traditional means of negotiation and considers what is lost in translation.
The consent theory of power, whereby ruling elites depend ultimately on the submission, cooperation and obedience of the governed as their source of power, is often linked to debates about the effectiveness of non-violent political action. According to this theory, ruling elites depend ultimately on the submission, cooperation and obedience of the governed as their source of power. If this cooperation is with-drawn, then this power is undermined. Iain Atack outlines this theory and examines its strengths and weaknesses. Atack argues that incorporating the insights of other theories of power, such as Gramsci's theory of hegemony and Foucault's views on 'micro-power', can provide us with a more sophisticated understanding of both the effectiveness and the limits of nonviolent political action than the consent theory of power. Gramsci's contribution deepens the analysis in terms of our understanding of the origins of individual consent in the context of larger economic and political structures, while Foucault adds a different dimension, in that his micro-approach emphasizes the ubiquity and plurality of power, rather than its embodiment or reification in large-scale structures.
J. David Case
The study of historical memory in its various forms is a burgeoning
area of inquiry among historians. The debate over public, official,
government-supported memory and private individual memories
reveals a complex dynamic among myth, memory, and history,
which as Michel Foucault and others have argued, is simply the dominant
form of memory in a society at a given time.1 Some of the most
revealing instances of the intersection between public and private
memory are commemorations and memorial sites where personal
memories are created and sustained within the context of the official
representation of the event and those involved. The constant need to
locate memories within a larger social frame of reference ensures
that supporters of different memories of the same event will directly
and forcefully link images from the present with their memories of
the past, no matter how incongruous these images may appear.
Résistance, anticolonialisme et nouvelle gauche sur une « petite théorie » de Claude Bourdet
Quand on sonne chez vous à six heures du matin et que c’est le laitier, vous êtes en Dicton, en France, du temps de l’occupation allemande Juxtapose à la fatalité la résistance à la fatalité. Tu connaîtras d’étranges hauteurs . René Char, « Le
Creative Practices/Resistant Acts
Nesreen Hussein and Iain MacKenzie
acts of resistance in times of political unrest. The contributors presented artistic, political, historical, and analytical perspectives from Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Greece, and Germany. In different ways, the contributions emphasized the power of art
Neoliberal restructuring, racial politics, and resistance in post-Katrina New Orleans
Mathilde Lind Gustavussen
the strategic policy interventions implemented in the city after Katrina while exploring some of the social contradictions created by charter school reform and how the city’s primarily African American education activists articulate their resistance to
Indigenous Relations against Pipelines
vision of Indigenous resistance to settler infrastructures? In a 2013 review article in the Annual Review of Anthropology , Brian Larkin defines infrastructures as: built networks that facilitate the flow of goods, people, or ideas and allow for their
Arguing that the resistance in France during the Second World War was always transnational in important ways, this piece identifies some of the recent scholarship that has expanded both the temporal and geographic parameters of the French Resistance. It introduces some of the key themes of this collection of articles and underscores the important contributions made by the participating authors. As these articles reveal, we can find sites of transnational resistance by looking at the relationship between the Allies and the resistance, the role that non-French denizens played in the resistance, the politics of cultural resistance, and the circulation of downed Anglo-American aircrews in Europe.
In Memory of Jan Fuchs
aware of any resonances from Denmark’s rather special history a few decades earlier. It was to this special history of Denmark in World War II that Jan owed his life. When the Nazis began to move against the Jews in Denmark, the Danish resistance, widely
Katherine Ellinghaus and Sianan Healy
—previously untold stories of resistance and negotiation show themselves to be central to our understanding of the implementation of government assimilation policies in the postwar period. The reliance of settler colonialism in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries