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Kacper Pobłocki

This article describes why the Polish government has pushed for an invocation to Christian traditions in the European Union Constitution. It is argued that this is a rather 'unfortunate' outcome of the political alliance between the Catholic Church and the Polish left, especially between President Aleksander Kwaśniewski and the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD). This alliance allowed the SLD to legitimize their rule in the post-socialist Poland, and it was a result of a political competition between them and the post-Solidarność elites. As a result, John Paul II became the central integrative metaphor for the Polish society at large, which brought back in the marginalized as well as allowed the transition establishment to win the EU accession referendum in 2003. The article (which was written when Leszek Miller was still Prime Minister) demonstrates how this alliance crystallized and presents various elements of the cult of the Pope in Poland that followed. Finally, it argues that the worship of the Pope is not an example of nationalism, but of populism, understood not as a peripheral but as a central political force, and advocates for more research on the 'politics of emotions' at work in the centers and not in peripheries.

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Rayonnement et propagande culturels français autour de la « panlatinité »

Les échanges entre intellectuels français et hispano-américains au début du vingtième siècle

Amotz Giladi

At the beginning of the twentieth century, numerous Hispano-American writers, who were often also diplomats, arrived in Paris. They established contact with French intellectuals, mainly academics, and participated actively in French intellectual life. The exchanges between these Hispano-American and French intellectuals were based on a common identification with Latinism, a pan-nationalistic ideology developed in Europe and Latin America since the nineteenth century and calling for unification of all “Latin” peoples. Hispano-American elites and intellectuals, looking for a way to federate all Latin-American countries against the power of the United States, and seeking a rapprochement with France for political and cultural reasons, largely supported pan-Latinism. As for their French intellectual partners, eager to reinforce their country's global influence, they conveyed the pan-Latin ideology in the framework of their efforts to promote French cultural presence in Latin America. During the Great War, these cultural and intellectual initiatives concerning pan-Latinism drew the attention of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, leading to their integration in the newly created French international propaganda mechanism.

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Arjun Guneratne

This paper examines the emergence in Sri Lanka of transcultural thinking about environmental issues as well as the activism it engenders by examining the role of the Anglophone Sri Lankan elite as the chief protagonists historically of environmentalism in the country. It also examines one of Sri Lanka's leading NGOs, Environmental Foundation Ltd. (EFL) as an example of the activism of this class. EFL's perspective on environmental issues has its origins in the transformations wrought by colonialism in the country's class structure and in the introduction of European ideas of nature to the country's newly emergent middle-class. Modelled on the Natural Resources Defense Council of the United States, EFL was a new kind of environmental organization in Sri Lanka and a response to globalization and Sri Lanka's increasing integration into the global economy. Unlike the handful of environmental NGOS that existed in the late seventies, which were essentially pressure groups, EFL was conceived, on the model of NRDC, as a public interest law firm, and drew on international models to frame its arguments about the application of the law in the cause of environmental protection. This paper examines how these various factors—the social class of the activists and the processes of institution building—shaped a cosmopolitan environmental discourse in Sri Lanka whose roots lie in urban Sri Lankan middle class culture as it emerged and was transformed during colonial rule and in the various discourses of globalization that have been drawn on by Sri Lankan activists to craft their own arguments.

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Harlan Koff and Carmen Maganda

Since the end of the Cold War in 1990, “regions” and “governance” have become prominent themes in the social sciences and they have often accompanied each other in both political and academic circles. During this historical period, regions have developed in many ways, including the proliferation and deepening of regional integration schemes, including among others, the enlargement of the European Union (EU), the establishment of the North American Free Trade Agreement, the passage of the Organization of African Unity to the African Union, and the transformation of the Andean Pact into the Andean Community. While world regions were being established at the supranational level, sub-national regions also began to take form. The 1990s witnessed the development of regional economies, regional identities, regionalist ideologies, political parties, and social movements. In many cases, these transformations could not be contained by national boundaries. The notion of “borders” has recently been replaced by “border regions” as these areas have become accepted as socially constructed territories that transcend political and geographic delineations.

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The Consortium for Comparative Research on Regional Integration and Social Cohesion (RISC) was born in 2007 following a conference on Social Cohesion in Europe at the Americas. (Koff, 2009) The rich discussions addressed numerous social cohesion issues in the aforementioned continents, such as human rights, social vulnerability, risk and welfare, environmental challenges and social cohesion, the relationship between borders, states and regions and urban violence. While the relevance of each of these issues to social cohesion was clear from the outset of our discussions, understanding their contributions to the conceptualization of social cohesion was far more difficult. In fact, these debates raised numerous questions that underlie social cohesion debates: What relationships exist between rights, responsibilities and cohesion? For what protections and services are governments responsible vis-à-vis their citizens under social cohesion policies? What relationships exist between social cohesion, risk and vulnerability? How does natural resource management affect social cohesion? How is social cohesion affected by territorial scales? And how can social cohesion address urban marginalization and violence?

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Sabina Barone, Veronika Bernard, Teresa S Büchsel, Leslie Fesenmyer, Bruce Whitehouse, Petra Molnar, Bonny Astor and Olga R. Gulina

THE REFUGEE CRISIS AND RELIGION: Secularism, Security and Hospitality in Question Edited by Luca Mavelli and Erin K. Wilson. London and New York: Rowman and Littlefield International, 2017. 305 pages, ISBN 9781783488940

MUSLIMISCHE DIVERSITÄT: Ein Kompass zur religiösen Alltagspraxis in Österreich [Muslim Diversity: A Guide to Religious Everyday Practices in Austria] Wiener Beiträge zur Islamforschung series. Edited by Ednan Aslan, Jonas Kolb, and Erol Yildiz. Wiesbaden: Springer VS, 2017. 506 pages, ISBN 9783658175535 (print); 9783658175542 (e-book)

BUREAUCRACY, LAW AND DYSTOPIA IN THE UNITED KINGDOM’S ASYLUM SYSTEM John R. Campbell. London: Routledge, 2017. 202 pages, ISBN 978113821495

ETHNIC CHURCH MEETS MEGACHURCH: Indian American Christianity in Motion Prema A. Kurien. New York: New York University Press, 2017. 281 pages, ISBN 9781479804757 (hardback); 9781479826377 (paperback)

FORGING AFRICAN COMMUNITIES: Mobility, Integration and Belonging Edited by Oliver Bakewell and Loren B. Landau. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. 321 pages, ISBN 9781137581938 (hardcover); 9781137581945 (e-book)

DETAINING THE IMMIGRANT OTHER: Global and Transnational Issues Edited by R. Furman, D. Epps, and G. Lamphear. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016. 220 pages, ISBN 9780190222574 (hardback)

THIS IS LONDON: Life and Death in the World City Ben Judah. London: Picador, 2016. 423 pages, ISBN 9781447272441 (hardback); 9781447274797 (paperback)

THE ROAD TO SOMEWHERE: The New Tribes Shaping British Politics David Goodhart. London: Penguin Books, 2017. 278 pages, ISBN 9780141986975 (paperback); 9780141986982 (e-book)

THE GOOD IMMIGRANT Edited by Nikesh Shukla. London: Unbound, 2017. 254 pages, ISBN 9781783522958 (hardback); 9781783522965 (e-book)

THE SOVIET PASSPORT: Its History—Structure—Practices Albert Baiburin. St. Petersburg: Publishing House of the European University in St. Petersburg, 2017. 488 pages, ISBN 978-94380-232-4 (In Russian: Советский паспорт. История- структура- практики. СпБ: Издательство Европейского университета. Альберт Байбурин, 2017. 488. / Sovetskiy pasport. Istoriya- strukturapraktiki. SpB: Izdatel’stvo Yevropeyskogo universiteta, Albert Baiburin, 2017. 488)

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Linda L. Clark, Olga Gurova, Elena Bedreag, Daniela Koleva, Kristen Ghodsee, Roza Dimova, Evguenia Davidova, Maija Jäppinen, Tanja Petrović, Valentina Mitkova, Daniela Naydeva, Jelena Bakić, Irina Genova, Galina Goncharova, Michelle DenBeste, Katarina Loncarevic, Avital H. Bloch, Leda Papastefanaki, Olena Styazhkina and Eszter Varsa

James C. Albisetti, Joyce Goodman, and Rebecca Rogers, eds., Girls' Secondary Education in the Western World: From the 18th to the 20th Century

Djurdja Bartlett, FashionEast: The Spectre That Haunted Socialism

Ioan Bolovan, Diana Covaci, Daniela Deteşan, Marius Eppel, and Elena Crinela Holom, eds., În căutarea fericirii. Viaţa familială în spaţiul românesc în secolele XVIII-XX (Looking for happiness. Family life in the Romanian territory from the eighteenth to the twentieth century)

Ulf Brunnbauer, “Die sozialistische Lebensweise“: Ideologie, Gesellschaft, Familie und Politik in Bulgarien (1944-1989) (“The socialist way of life“: Ideology, society, family and politics in Bulgaria [1944-1989])

Gerald Creed, Masquerade and Postsocialism: Ritual and Cultural Dispossession in Bulgaria

Krassimira Daskalova and Tatyana Kmetova, eds., Pol i Prehod, 1938-1958 (Gender and Transition, 1938-1958)

Evdoxios Doxiadis, The Shackles of Modernity: Women, Property, and the Transition from the Ottoman Empire to the Greek State (1750-1850)

Katalin Fábián, ed., Domestic Violence in Postcommunist States: Local Activism, National Policies, and Global Forces

Kristen Ghodsee, Lost in Transition: Ethnographies of Everyday Life after Communism

Liubov Krichevskaya, No Good without Reward: Selected Writings

Tomislav Z. Longinović, Vampire Nation: Violence as Cultural Imaginary

Ivana Panteli´, Partizanke kao građanke: društvena emancipacija partizanki u Srbiji, 1945-1953 (Female partisans as citizens: Social emancipation of female partisans in Serbia, 1945-1953)

Bojana Pejić, ERSTE Foundation and Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig Wien, eds., Gender Check: A Reader. Art and Theory in Eastern Europe

Christian Promitzer, Sevasti Trubeta, and Marius Turda, eds., Health, Hygiene and Eugenics in Southeastern Europe to 1945

Rochelle Goldberg Ruthchild, Equality and Revolution: Women's Rights in the Russian Empire, 1905-1917 Reviewed by Michelle DenBeste

Giulia Sissa, Sex and Sensuality in the Ancient World

Lidija Stojanovik-Lafazanovska and Ermis Lafanovski, The Exodus of the Macedonians from Greece: Women's Narratives about WWII and Their Exodus

Lex Heerma van Voss, Els Hiemstra-Kuperus, and Elise van Nederveen Meerkerk, eds., The Ashgate Companion to the History of Textile Workers, 1650-2000

Galina I. Yermolenko, ed., Roxolana in European Literature, History and Culture

Susan Zimmermann, Divide, Provide, and Rule: An Integrative History of Poverty Policy, Social Policy, and Social Reform in Hungary under the Habsburg Monarchy

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Andrea Parra

[Full article is in Spanish]

English: This article analyzes the European Union’s (EU) external action, especially in relation to one of its particular features: the EU’s support to integration initiatives of third regions around the world. The author utilizes a constructivist perspective to demonstrate that this approach, represented in this article as an inter-regional strategy and as an institution (the SIEPIR-AL), is a social construct that is constantly evolving. Through this trend of construction and permanent reconstruction this strategy acts as a system characterized by processes of cybernetic self-regulation classified here as neo-Westphalian multilateralism 2.0. In these terms, the relation established between the EU and Latin America (LA) is conceived as an institution that may be identified through the analysis of its discursive dimensions. The article illustrates these arguments through an analysis of the implementation process of the Latin America Investment Facility (LAIF), whose objective is to facilitate access to funding for infrastructure investments in areas related to the environment and climate change.

Spanish: Este artículo analiza la acción exterior de la Unión Europea (UE) y especialmente uno de sus rasgos particulares: el apoyo a las iniciativas de integración de otros grupos regionales alrededor del mundo. Desde una perspectiva constructivista se demuestra que dicho rasgo constituye una estrategia/institución interregional (la SIEPIR-AL) y es una construcción social en constante evolución. Esta última actúa como un sistema que enfrenta procesos de autorregulación cibernética y se encuentra encastrada en un sistema multilateral neo-westfaliano en modo 2.0. En esos términos la relación entre la UE y América Latina (AL) constituye una institución que puede ser caracterizada por medio del análisis de su dimensión discursiva. El artículo ilustra estos argumentos a través de una lectura del proceso de implementación de la Facilidad de Inversión para América Latina (LAIF), cuyo objetivo es facilitar el acceso a fondos para inversión en infraestructura en áreas relativas al medioambiente y al cambio climático.

French: Cet article analyse l’action extérieure de l’Union Européenne (UE) et en particulier une de ses principales caractéristiques : l’aide aux initiatives d’intégration de régions tierces dans le monde. L’auteure utilise la perspective constructiviste pour démontrer que cette caractéristique présentée dans cet article comme une stratégie et une institution inter-régionales (nommée SIEPIR-AL) est une construction sociale qui évolue constamment. En raison de cette tendance permanente à la construction et à la reconstruction, cette stratégie est abordée comme un système organisé à partir de processus d’autorégulation cybernétique, classifié dans ce texte comme un système multilatéral néo-wesphalien en mode 2.0. C’est dans ce sens que la relation entre l’UE et l’Amérique Latine (AL) est conceptualisée comme une institution qui peut être analysée à partir de sa dimension discursive. L’article développe ses arguments à travers une lecture du processus de mise en oeuvre de la Facilité d’Investissement pour l’Amérique Latine (LAIF) dont l’objectif consiste à faciliter l’accès aux fonds d’investissement d’infrastructure en matière d’environnement et de changement climatique.

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Regionalizing global social policy in times of economic crises

Comparing the European Union and the Common Market of the South

Stephen Kingah

Focusing on the European Union (EU) and the Common Market of the South (MERCOSUR) this article presents the manner in which regional organizations apply underlying tenets of global social policy (GSP). It notes the challenges regional entities face in doing so. It also argues that the application of GSP at the regional level is important given the nature of many socioeconomic challenges, the effects of which are often felt regionally. Included in the analysis are theoretical premises justifying social policy both at the global and regional levels. In a period of economic hardship with an ever-widening inequality gap, there is pressure to roll back regional endeavours to manage social challenges. However it is exactly during such a period that robust regional measures need to be sustained or put in place to integrate global social policy, map out new social responses to problems, or implement existing regional social norms.

Spanish Centrándose en la Unión Europea (UE) y en el Mercado Común del Sur (MERCOSUR), este artículo presenta la manera en que las organizaciones regionales aplican los principios básicos de la política social global (PSG), y señala los desafíos que dichas entidades enfrentan al hacerlo. El artículo también sostiene que la aplicación de la PSG a nivel regional es importante dada la naturaleza de muchos desafíos socioeconómicos cuyos efectos con frecuencia se sienten regionalmente. En el análisis se incluyen premisas teóricas que justifican la política social tanto a nivel global como regional. En un periodo de dificultades económicas con una brecha de desigualdad cada vez más amplia, hay una presión por reducir los esfuerzos regionales para enfrentar los desafíos sociales. Sin embargo, es precisamente durante este tipo de periodos que deben mantenerse o poner en marcha sólidas medidas regionales para integrar la política social global, trazar nuevas respuestas sociales a los problemas o implementar existentes normas sociales regionales.

French En se concentrant sur l'Union européenne (UE) et le Marché commun du Sud (MERCOSUR) cet article entend présenter la manière dont les organisations régionales s'appliquent principes sous-jacents de la politique sociale globale (PSG). Il met en relief les dé fis auxquels sont confrontées ces entités régionales. Il fait également valoir que l'application du PSG au niveau régional soit importante compte tenu des nombreux dé fis socio-économiques dont les effets sont souvent ressentis au niveau régional. Des prémisses théoriques sont incluses dans l'analyse a fin de justifier la politique sociale tant bien au niveau mondial que régional. Dans une période marquée par la crise économique et le fossé toujours grandissant des inégalités, on observe une ne e pression visant à faire reculer efforts régionaux destinés à gérer les dé fis sociaux. Or, c'est justement pendant ce e période que des mesures régionales robustes doivent être maintenues ou mises en place pour intégrer la politique sociale globale; planifier de nouvelles réponses sociales aux problèmes ou me re en œuvre les normes sociales régionales existantes.

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Céline Hervé-Bazin

Water utilities have a strong potential for bringing key messages to water users, such as beneficiaries or non-state actors who will usually join together to manage water resources more effectively or based on participation of end-users. Water utilities have the possibility to convey local messages and to organize events that can generate changes. In this framework, they are important leaders for water communication. My main research interest is to consider the constraints to the communication of French water utilities on water resources in the European environment. I want to provide a theoretical concept to the communication of water utilities, analyze actual practices and case studies in order to highlight its main characteristics, and further study messages and the integration of targets groups throughout communication processes related to water issues. The main purpose of this publication is to analyze the specificities of communication by water utilities in France on water management resources, how they interact with their different target groups, and how they potentially contribute to the implementation of the European legislation. This article questions the way communication tools and strategies contribute to better implementation of EU water policies.

Spanish Las compañías de agua tienen un fuerte potencial para transmitir mensajes clave a los usuarios del agua, por ejemplo, a los beneficiarios o a los actores no estatales, quienes normalmente se unirán para gestionar los recursos hídricos de forma más eficaz o en base a la participación de los usuarios finales. Las compañías de agua tienen la posibilidad de transmitir mensajes locales y organizar eventos que pueden generar cambios. En este contexto, las compañías son importantes líderes para la comunicación sobre el agua.

Mi mayor interés de investigación es considerar los límites que se ejercen sobre la comunicación de las compañías francesas en materia de gestión de recursos hídricos en el contexto europeo. Deseo proporcionar un concepto teórico a la comunicación sobre el agua y analizar las prácticas vigentes y casos de estudio con la finalidad de resaltar sus características más importantes, así como estudiar los mensajes y la integración de los públicos objetivo a lo largo de los procesos de comunicación sobre asuntos hídricos.

El objetivo más importante de esta publicación es analizar las especificidades de la comunicación de las compañías de agua en Francia sobre el manejo de los recursos hídricos; cómo interactúan estas con los diferentes públicos objetivos y cómo contribuyen potencialmente a la implementación de la legislación europea. Este artículo cuestiona cómo las herramientas y estrategias de comunicación contribuyen a una mejor implementación de las políticas europeas sobre el agua.

French Les collectivités peuvent jouer un rôle clé pour transmettre des messages aux utilisateurs de l'eau, c'est-à-dire, l'ensemble des bénéficiaires ou la société civile qui peut être amené à participer à la gestion des ressources en eau. Les collectivités ont la capacité de sensibiliser à travers des outils locaux et d'organiser des événements qui peuvent changer les comportements des personnes touchées par un phénomène proche de chez eux. A ce titre, les collectivités peuvent devenir des porte-parole importants pour communiquer sur la préservation de l'eau. Notre recherche considère les limites qui s'exercent sur la communication des collectivités françaises en matière de gestion des ressources en eau dans le contexte législatif européen. Nous souhaitons éclairer la communication des collectivités à partir de l'analyse des pratiques actuelles et diff érentes études de cas afin d'en établir ses caractéristiques. L'enjeu est d'étudier l'adéquation entre les messages et les groupes cibles choisis au cours des diff érentes campagnes de communication dédiées aux défis de l'eau. Notre but est de détacher des éléments théoriques et si cette communication répond à des codes propres à toute communication locale sur l'eau. A partir de ces spécificités, nous étudierons dans quelle mesure les municipalités interagissent avec leurs publics cibles afin de faciliter l'application de la législation européenne à l'échelle locale. Nous analyserons en quoi ces outils et stratégies participent en eff et, à la réalisation des directives européennes sur l'eau.