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Water scarcity and sustainability in the arid area of North America

Insights gained from a cross border perspective

Alejandro Yáñez-Arancibia and John W. Day

The arid border region that encompasses the American Southwest and the Mexican northwest is an area where the nexus of water scarcity and climate change in the face of growing human demands for water, emerging energy scarcity, and economic change comes into sharp focus. Day et al. (2016a) discussed these interacting problems for the American Southwest and focused on Los Angeles as an example of these problems. They concluded that the region “bloomed” with the coming of cheap fossil fuels that allowed the development of a sophisticated but expensive water supply system that supported a modern technological society. But society is entering a time of both water and energy scarcity that will challenge the region as never before. The Colorado River is the most important water source for this region. It is a shared resource that is used by other southwestern states and México for human consumption and agriculture. The two countries in this region are linked not only by water but also by strong economic ties and cross border population movements.

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Stephen Milder

This article narrates the development of the antinuclear movement from the bottom up, showing how local protests initiated changes in Germans' ideas about democracy and public participation, precipitating the Green Party's emergence. The narrative begins with the pre-history of the 1975 occupation of the Wyhl reactor site in Southern Baden. It shows that vintners' concerns about the future of their livelihoods underpinned protests at Wyhl, but argues that the anti-reactor coalition grew in breadth after government officials' perceived misconduct caused local people to connect their agricultural concerns with democracy matters. It then explains how local protests like the Wyhl occupation influenced the formation of the German Green Party in the late 1970s, showing how the sorts of convergences that occurred amidst “single issue” protests like the anti-Wyhl struggle enabled a wide variety of activists to come together in the new party. Thus, the article argues that particular, local concerns initiated a rethinking of participation in electoral politics. Far from fracturing society, these local concerns promoted diverse new coalitions and shaped an inclusive approach to electoral politics.

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Shubhi Sharma, Rachel Golden Kroner, Daniel Rinn, Camden Burd, Gregorio Oritz, John Burton, Angus Lyall, Pierre du Plessis, Allison Koch, Yvan Schulz, Emily McKee, Michael Berman and Peter C. Little

Downey, Liam. 2015. Inequality, Democracy and the Environment. New York: New York University Press. 336 pp. ISBN 978-1-4798-4379-4.

Fuentes-George, Kemi. 2016. Between Preservation and Exploitation: Transnational Advocacy Networks and Conservation in Developing Countries. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 344 pp. ISBN 978-0-2620-3428-9.

Fuller, Randall. 2017. The Book That Changed America: How Darwin’s Theory of Evolution Ignited a Nation. New York: Viking. 294 pp. ISBN 978-0-5254-2833-6.

Graham, Otis L., Jr. 2015. Presidents and the American Environment. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press. 411 pp. ISBN 978-0-7006-2098-2.

Gullion, Jessica Smartt. 2015. Fracking the Neighborhood: Reluctant Activists and Natural Gas Drilling. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 216 pp. ISBN 978-0-2620-2976-6.

Jacka, Jerry K. 2015. Alchemy in the Rain Forest: Politics, Ecology, and Resilience in a New Guinea Mining Area. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 296 pp. ISBN 978-0-8223-5979-1.

Lewis, Tammy. 2016. Ecuador’s Environmental Movements: Ecoimperialists, Ecodependents, and Ecoresisters. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 296 pp. ISBN: 978-0-2625-2877-1.

Nustad, Knut. 2015. Creating Africas: Struggles over Nature and Conservation. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 224 pp. ISBN 978-1-8490-4258-1.

Oslender, Ulrich. 2016. The Geographies of Social Movements: Afro-Colombian Mobilization and the Aquatic Space. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 304 pp. ISBN 978-0-8223-6122-0.

Reno, Joshua O. 2016. Waste Away: Working and Living with a North American Landfill. Berkeley: University of California Press. 288 pp. ISBN 978-0-5202-8894-2.

Reynolds, Kristin, and Nevin Cohen. 2016. Beyond the Kale: Urban Agriculture and Social Justice Activism in New York City. Athens: University of Georgia Press. 224 pp. ISBN 978-0-8203-4949-7.

Smits, Gregory. 2013. Seismic Japan: The Long History and Continuing Legacy of the Ansei Edo Earthquake. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press. 262 pp. ISBN 978-0-8248-3817-1.

Van Horssen, Jessica. 2016. A Town Called Asbestos: Environmental Contamination, Health, and Resilience in a Resource Community. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press. 256 pp. ISBN 978-0-7748-2841-3.

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Solange Ngo Yebga

*Full article is in French

English abstract: The notion of civil society became popular and generalized in Africa during the 1990s, through the initiatives of international bodies like the World Bank and agencies for international development. In Cameroon, the economic recession caused by the deterioration of exchange rates and falling prices of agricultural raw materials (coffee, cocoa, and co on) has favored the emergence of these actors alongside the state in managing and improving the living conditions of those urban populations. In the field of reproductive health, civil society, through associations, is pursuing public orientation through services of education, promotion, and diffusion. Observing the Association for the Struggle against Violence against Women (ALFV in French) ALFV and Women, Health, and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa (FESADE in French) shows how a health policy is operationalized via endogenous initiatives. This research, which is mainly empirical, was conducted between 2006 and 2009 with institutional health managers and managers of associative structures in Yaoundé and throughout Cameroon.

Spanish abstract: La noción de sociedad civil se populariza y vulgariza en África hacia los años 90 bajo la iniciativa de instancias internacionales como el Banco Mundial y las agencias de desarrollo. En Camerún, la recesión económica debida a la caída de las tasas de cambio y a la baja en las materias primas agrícolas (café, cacao, algodón) favoreció la emergencia de dicha sociedad paralelamente al Estado en la gestión y mejoramiento de las condiciones de vida de las poblaciones urbanas. Por ejemplo, en el campo de la salud reproductiva, la sociedad civil, en la forma de asociaciones, lleva a cabo acciones públicas a través de los servicios de educación, promoción y difusión. La observación de los ejemplos de la Asociación para la Lucha contra la Violencia contra la Mujer (ALVF en francés) y de Mujer, Salud y Desarrollo en el África subsahariana (FESADE en francés) permite ver cómo se operativiza una política de salud a través de iniciativas endógenas. Esta investigación esencialmente empírica fue desarrollada entre 2006 y 2009 con los responsables institucionales de salud y con los responsables de las estructuras asociativas de Yaoundé y Camerún.

French abstract: La notion de société civile se popularise et se vulgarise en Afrique vers les années 90 à l'initiative d'instances internationales comme la Banque mondiale et des agences d'aide au développement. Au Cameroun, la récession économique due à la détérioration des termes de l'échange et à la chute des prix des matières premières agricoles (café, cacao, coton) a favorisé l'émergence de cet intervenant aux côtés de l'Etat dans la gestion et l'amélioration des conditions de vie des populations urbaines. Dans le domaine de la santé reproductive, la société civile, sous la forme d'associations par exemple, poursuit les orientations publiques à travers des services d'éducation, de promotion et de diffusion. En observant les exemples de l'ALVF et de la FESADE, nous étudions comment s'opérationnalise une politique de santé à travers des initiatives endogènes. Ce e recherche, essentiellement empirique, a été menée entre 2006 et 2009 auprès de responsables institutionnels de santé et de responsables des structures associatives à Yaoundé et dans d'autres villes du Cameroun.

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Kosher Biotech

Between Religion, Regulation, and Globalization

Johan Fischer

kosher products has expanded considerably. The North American kosher food market alone grew by 15 percent between 2002 and 2012, with roughly $200 billion in kosher-certified food products sold annually, and this represents a global trend ( Agriculture

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The Death Throes of Sacrificed Chicken

Triggering Critical Reflexive Stances on Ritual Action in Togo

Marie Daugey

-largest ethnic group of Togo after the Ewe. The land they recognize as their home territory is a mountainous area situated north of the town of Kara, where agriculture is the main means of livelihood. The presence of Kabye in this region dates back to at least