Extended editorial introduction to a double special issue on boys and schooling. Adopting a developmental perspective on boyhood, the editors frame these special issues on boys' education by reviewing research on their experience of schooling. In particular, they endeavor to illuminate boys' agency and opportunities they can find in schools for resistance to restrictive masculine regimes.
The Promise of Schooling for Boys
Michael C. Reichert and Joseph Nelson
Ben-Willie Kwaku Golo and Joseph Awetori Yaro
The hydra-headed nature of climate change—affecting not just climate but all other domains of human life—requires not just technological fixes but cultural innovation. It is impossible to ignore a devoutly religious majority in Ghana, a nation where diverse religious communities' perspectives on climate change and their views on the way forward are crucial. This article aims to empirically explore how Christian, Islamic, and indigenous African religious leaders view the challenges of climate change and what countermeasures they propose. Interestingly, most our informants have indicated that the reasons for the current environmental crisis are, in equal degree, Ghana's past colonial experience and deviation from religious beliefs and practice, while the main obstacle to sustainable development is poverty. There was unanimity on the reclamation of religious values and principles that promote the idea of stewardship as a way forward toward a sustainable future. This, however, functions more as a faith claim and a religiously inspired normative postulate than a program of concrete action.
Joseph P. Magliano and James A. Clinton
Contemporary theories of narrative comprehension assume that people build mental models for narrative experiences that are structured around situational relationships such as time, space, and causality. The dominance of this perspective in cognitive psychology arguably emerged in the mid-1990s. Bordwell’s Narration in the Fiction Film is remarkable in how well it dovetails with contemporary theory and the fact that it was written at least ten years before this theoretical perspective became dominant in the psychological literature on narrative comprehension. In this paper, we discuss the relationship and influence of Bordwell’s masterpiece of research focusing on the comprehension of narrative film.
Bob Jeffery, Joseph Ibrahim and David Waddington
The years since the onset of global recession, circa 2008, have led to an unprecedented rise in discontent in societies around the world. Whether this be the Arab Spring of 2011 when popular uprisings against authoritarian regimes cascaded across North Africa and the Middle East, or the rise of left-wing, anti-capitalist and far-right movements in the developed 'north', ranging from the Indignados in Spain, Syriza and the Golden Dawn in Greece, Le Front National in France, student movements in Quebec, or the allegedly less articulate explosion of rage characterizing the English Riots of 2011, it is clear that Fukuyama's thesis regarding the final ascendency of liberal capitalism (and its puppet regimes in the developing world) was grossly misplaced. In Badiou's (2012) terms we are witnessing 'the rebirth of history', where all bets regarding the trajectories of local and global political economies are off.
Joseph Ibrahim, Bob Jeffery and David Waddington
While the first of these issues concentrated on the riots in England following the global financial crash of 2008, this second issue focuses on the social movements that emerged in this context. Whilst defining a social movement is conceptually problematic- either because it could be so narrow to exclude, or, to broad to include, any type of collective action, there are certain features that we can point to. Edwards (2014: 4-5) provides four conceptual distinctions.
Mobile-Digital-Networked-Technologies and Networked Orientations
Joseph F. Turcotte and M. Len Ball
In an increasingly mediated situation, mobile, digital, and networked technologies (MDNTs) prompt individuals to orient themselves in new ways to the spaces they traverse. How users and communities experience these technologies in relation to the environments around them subsequently affects mentalities, including perceptions of space and mobility. The mediating presence of digital technology interconnects internal and external factors through diverse social and technological networks. This paper uses interdisciplinary theoretical perspectives to argue that ubiquitous MDNTs alter the ways that individuals orient themselves in relation to the spaces, both on- and offline, that they traverse. By mediating various visual, audible, and informational aspects of daily life while remaining implicated within external networks of related experiences, individuals move through on- and offline spaces in ways that allow the subject to negotiate her local environment(s). Experiences of mobility and space become more fluid as spatial subjectivities and mobility become integrated.
Jason Ranon Uri Rotstein, Yehoshua November and David P. Eckert
Please Prayer from Below (a Pantoum)
When I wrote Narration in the Fiction Film (NiFF), I couldn’t have envisioned that there would be a Society for Cognitive Studies of the Moving Image. Still less could I imagine that 30 years later the book would be the subject of a plenary session of that august group. So one June 2015 night, I was deeply moved by the interest shown by the audience and the keen critiques offered by Brian Boyd, Paisley Livingston, Joe Magliano and James Clinton, and Murray Smith. That three of those commentaries, suitably spruced up, are published here only adds to my gratitude. My thanks, then, to my critics, and to Malcolm Turvey for setting up this evening and for writing his enlightening introduction. I also owe a great deal to the researchers and students who showed up to express their interest in the event.
The starting point for this essay is Doris Yedamski’s pioneering research paper on ‘Women Travellers in the Malay Archipelago’. Yedamski begins by noting that, at the time of her paper, there had been no systematic study of women’s travel in the region (2). Yet, as she observes: ‘Travelling women in nineteenth-century Europe were far from being rare phenomena. As long as they visited relatives overseas, or sometimes went abroad for educational purposes, women were allowed to travel’ (31). There were, of course, other women travellers who did not fit into either of these categories. Shirley Foster, for example, notes how ‘health’ was also an acceptable motive for women’s travels, and draws attention to the paradoxical linkage (for women travellers) between ‘physical weakness and geographical mobility’. Nevertheless, Yedamski’s paper produces a useful typology of women travellers in the archipelago: ‘accompanying women’, solo travellers, or ‘unprotected females’ (to use the language of the time), and tourists. I will be using this typology (and many of Yedamski’s examples) later in the essay.
This article provides an interpretation of Josef Vilsmaier's two-part television feature film, Die Gustloff (2008), which depicts the sinking of that ship in January 1945. It argues that Vilsmaier, at the expense of historical fact, pins blame for the fateful decisions that led to the ship being vulnerable to attack on the Navy, while simultaneously seeking to exculpate and even glorify the Merchant Navy representatives on board. Die Gustloff seeks to distinguish between a “bad” captain and a “good” one, between hard-hearted military indifference and uncorrupted civilian decency in the face of the plight of German refugees. Generally, in its portrayal of the civilian as a realm untainted by Nazism, it seeks to resist trends in contemporary historiography that show such distinctions to be untenable. It is thus deeply revisionist in character, and, in many ways, represents the nadir of the “Germans as victims” trend in contemporary German culture.