Over the last decade, an increasing number of documentaries and fictional films broadcast on German television has established an image of German colonialism that claims to be informed by postcolonial criticism but, as I argue in this article, often resembles the image created by colonialism itself. Das Weltreich der Deutschen (The Global German Empire, 2010), a documentation produced by Guido Knopp, serves as an example for the close connection between practices of representation and colonial fantasies, and demonstrates how the combination of entertainment and education obscures the fact that colonialism has been not only a practice of political domination and economical exploitation, but also a practice of representation.
German Television and Colonialism
Archetypal Images of Malaya in European Travel Writing
Siti Nuraishah Ahmad, Shanthini Pillai and Noraini Md. Yusof
This article links Jungian literary criticism on archetypes with contemporary postcolonial theories on colonial discourse in travel writing (David Spurr) and the worlding of a colonized land (Gayatri Spivak) in order to understand the pattern of images in European travel writing that created the fiction of Malaya. This fiction is created through a process of worlding by European travelers from the sixteenth century to the early twentieth century. The practice of Islam and magic among the Malays was represented as contributing to the degeneration of Malaya. The resulting image is that of an Eden that has fallen into ruin and that needs to be transformed back into paradise by the white man.
A Celebration and Personal Contribution
This article, as a tribute to Gabriel Josipovici, describes his impact on the author over many decades, initially as his teacher and thesis supervisor, later as colleague and friend at the University of Sussex. This impact included broadening his knowledge of contemporary French literary critics and of writers engaged with criticism, and opening up European dimensions to otherwise insular English academic approaches to literature. A study of Josipovici’s novel Migrations (1977) shows how it manages to explore the many dimensions of the condition of migrancy, even though held here within the bounds of a novel that is tightly packed but opens into a whole world.
Where Does He Leave Us?
R. Bruce Douglass
John Rawls is widely thought to have revitalised political philosophy. This paper discusses that claim critically in the light of Rawls' own characterisation of his project as well as a series of objections that have been raised by critics from diverse points of view. It concludes that the criticisms advanced by the authors in question help to clarify what exactly Rawls accomplished. He did revitalise liberal political philosophy, but in a manner that lacks much of the traditional substance of political philosophy. The paper concludes by discussing the significance of this finding and its implications for the future of political philosophy.
Anti-Theatrical Writing and the Turncoat Player
In 1580, Anthony Munday wrote a pamphlet (from which the above quotation is taken) entitled ‘A Second and Third Blast of Retrait from Playes and Theatres’, a banal polemical text of a kind very common to early modern London. This work was a very self-conscious contribution to the literary attack on the London stage; indeed, it was the first of such works to single out the stage for exclusive criticism, rather than include it as one among many decadences, as is the case in Philip Stubbes’ notorious Anatomie of Abuses (1583).
Aldo Di Virgilio and Claudio M. Radaelli
In an editorial published in the summer of 2011 in the Corriere della
Sera, Professor Mario Monti commented on the financial crisis of those
weeks and the pressures coming from the markets and from the European
institutions, making three points.1 The first was a criticism of the
Berlusconi government and its majority, which, “after claiming that it
had the ability to solve the country’s problems alone, and after turning
down the possibility of a shared effort alongside other political parties
to try to lift a discouraged Italy out of the crisis, … then actually
accepted … a super-national technical government.”
T. Storm Heter
This article presents a novel defense of Sartrean ethics based on the concept of interpersonal recognition. The immediate post-war texts Anti-Semite and Jew, What is Literature? and Notebooks for an Ethics express Sartre's inchoate yet ultimately defensible view of obligations to others. Such obligations are not best understood as Kantian duties, but rather as Hegelian obligations of mutual recognition. The emerging portrait of Sartrean ethics offers a strong reply to the classical criticism that authenticity would license vicious lifestyles like serial killing. In addition to acting with clarity and responsibility, existentially authentic individuals must respect others.
Pippa Marland and Anna Stenning
This special issue of Critical Survey offers several pathways for critical exploration. It is the first time the journal has explored the field of literary criticism known as ‘ecocriticism’ or ‘green cultural studies’, and this will be its first focus on walking literature and related art. In opening up these two routes, our special issue allows a view both on the roles of walking in poetry, literary non-fiction, fiction and the walking arts in the UK and Ireland, and on the possibilities of ecocriticism as a method of addressing these roles.
Remarks on the Methodology of the History of Political Thought
João Feres Júnior
Quentin Skinner's methodological project contains a fundamental imprecision that is rarely mentioned by the secondary literature: the assumption, present in several of his methodological texts, that a theory designed for the analysis of oral communication (speech act theory) can be unreservedly used for interpreting text. In this article I will use some of Paul Ricoeur's phenomenological insights on the difference between textual and oral communication in order to advance a systematic critique of Skinner's project and to suggest new methodological possibilities for the history of political thought and related disciplines. This procedure will also allow me to organize some of the criticism raised against Skinner's Collingwoodean approach since its inception.
Signifying The Color Purple
In 1996 Alice Walker published The Same River Twice: Honoring the Difficult, a memoir which describes her experiences leading up to the release in 1985 of Steven Spielberg's film version of The Color Purple, and her reactions to the criticism engendered by the film. This text is significant as a further development of the 'Walker and Purple' controversy which began with the 1982 publication of Walker's Pulitzer Prize winning novel. Walker's achievement of the canonisation and popularisation of The Color Purple earned her the role as a spokeswoman for African Americans and disenfranchised writers.