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Ana Isabel González Manso

conceived: while in the Enlightenment era this meaning was based on scientific progress, from the third decade of the nineteenth century it would be based on the conjugation of moral and material factors. In the second case practical purpose is claimed by

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Introduction

History, Violence, and Steven Pinker

Mark S. Micale and Philip Dwyer

more primitive capacities for aggression, including murder. In this process of progressive self-pacification, Pinker places special emphasis on the Enlightenment, broadly conceived, which initiated “the humanitarian revolution.” The growing adoption of

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Randolph Roth

, are the devotees of reason, data, and the scientific method. Pinker’s determination to draw clear lines between reason and ideology, between the Enlightenment and Counter-Enlightenment, simply cannot stand up to historical scrutiny: they depend on each

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Science, Customs, and the Modern Subject

From Emulation to Education in the Semantics of Spanish Enlightenment

Pablo Sánchez León

commerce, and projects of reform—played a crucial role in the displaying of the Enlightenment as a whole. 6 Bourbon Spain was not exceptional in this regard. 7 Along the siècle des Lumières , political economy was in the making, however, and tended to

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A World in the Making

Discovering the Future in the Hispanic World

Javier Fernández-Sebastián

Translator : Mark Hounsell

the Enlightenment, which emphasized the value of the new compared with the familiar, thus moving the key to deciphering social order from the past to the future. In the second section, I will examine the radical futurization of politics that

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Introduction

Mimetic Governmentality, Colonialism, and the State

Patrice Ladwig and Ricardo Roque

to favour rather the exploitation than the enlightenment of mankind … the primary function of writing, as a means of communication, is to facilitate the enslavement of other human beings.” In this sense more than just an epistemic gesture, mimetic

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Reconstruction--Fiction--Transfer

Imparting Ethno-aesthetic Knowledge in John Hawkesworth’s Report on Cook’s First Voyage to the South Pacific (1768–1771)

Sebastian Kaufmann

Regarding the “branch of anthropology of the Enlightenment which deals with the systematic comparison of peoples,” 2 the “knowledge function” of travel narratives of the so-called Second Age of Discovery is obvious—the numerous and widely consumed travel

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From Act to Fact

The Transformation of Suicide in Western Thought

Daniel Gordon

science. I then delineate some of the basic features of the discussion of suicide that intervened, from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment. The intellectual history of suicide, in the early modern period, can be understood as an ever more sympathetic and

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In the Eyes of Some Britons

Aleppo, an Enlightenment City

Mohammad Sakhnini

that emerged during the Enlightenment: the tradition of toleration that appeared in John Locke’s Letter Concerning Toleration (1689), a text that argued for the separation of personal faith from political government while also finding that one group

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Introduction

Concepts of Emotions in Indian Languages

Margrit Pernau

of concepts? Since the Enlightenment, comparison has been the favorite approach for the understanding and ordering of diversity on a global scale. However, in these comparisons Europe often took a dual role as an entity to be compared to and also as