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Lawrence Freedman has suggested that the Third World War is now under way.1 Whether or not one agrees with his diagnosis, it is clear that the events of 11 September and the responses that they have occasioned are of world-historic importance. No aspect of our globalised economy will be left unaffected, no region will escape the impact of the conflict. From Indonesia and Malaysia to Nigeria and Paraguay, domestic political stability has been rendered more precarious. The order of war itself has been inverted; civilians, and the very fabric of civil society itself, were the first targets of attacks launched with essentially civilian instruments. The iconic impact has been no less extraordinary: arguably the two most potent symbols of capitalist modernity and its awesome technological capacities – the skyscraper and the jet airplane – were destroyed, intentionally, in a brilliantly orchestrated, chillingly effective media event. The ramifications need little spelling out: the very self-confidence and normative underpinnings of western civilisation have been shaken and questioned through the terrorists’ unprecedentedly potent “propaganda of the deed”. The political capacity and will, as well as the unity, of the West are being tested as perhaps never before. The juggernaut of technological progress and economic growth appears, at least momentarily, to have been halted in its tracks, as the global economy slides into recession. The erstwhile unchallenged power of the most technologically advanced society in history has been brought into question by an atavistic, theocratic ideology joined to the will of agents working, without the aid of hyper-modern technology and with relatively small financial resources, from the very margins of the global political and economic system.

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Melissa Feinberg

Introduction: Radio Free Europe and the Truth about Communism On 20 April 1950, American President Harry S. Truman gave a speech to the American Society of Newspaper Editors about the power of propaganda. The Soviets, warned Truman, had developed

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David Detmer and John Ireland

role in the fierce Cold War politics—marked by propaganda and censorship—besetting that country. She suggests in particular that this Viennese episode and Sartre’s wider connection to Austria before and after the war can help us better understand the

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Chia-ling Lai

reexamine Figure 1 The entrance gate of the Small Fortress, Terezín. Photograph by author. life in the concentration camp from another angle: art and cultural activities were regularly held to be used as propaganda, while composers and musicians still

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Finbarr Barry Flood and Jaś Elsner

ultimate market for such antiquities likely includes collectors in countries whose media are often loudest in denouncing the destruction that renders them available as commodities or consumables. Propaganda materials produced by IS invoke specific passages

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Rethinking World War I

Occupation, Liberation, and Reconstruction

George Robb and W. Brian Newsome

, but as opinionated citizens who had to be courted and cajoled by intensive propaganda campaigns. Scholars supplemented traditional state archives with more popular sources like posters, newspapers, magazines, films, and the diaries and letters of

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Israel Goes to the Polls

The Road to Elections for the Constituent Assembly, 1948–1949

Meir Chazan

provocative example was published in a propaganda leaflet titled Niv Hahayal (The Soldier’s Expression), which was distributed by Mapai in early January. In it, pictures of Begin and Mussolini raising their arms were juxtaposed under the heading “The same

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Art of Solidarity

Cuban Posters for African Liberation 1967–1989

David Fleming

of the national culture of Cuba, owing to its long history of fighting against foreign political and economic domination. The artworks, which are basically revolutionary propaganda, therefore represent some of the most vicious conflicts in Africa of

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Educational Film Studies

A Burgeoning Field of Research

Anne Bruch

films. She analyzes the 1948 film The Body Fights Bacteria and considers health films in the discourse of patriotism and propaganda. 20 Another distinguished example of the new trend in film and media studies is Films that Work: Industrial Film and

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Gendered Images and Soviet Subjects

How the Komsomol Archive Enriched My Understanding of Gender in Soviet War Culture

Adrienne M. Harris

, already a charged figure, a sacred martyr to some, an extension of totalitarian propaganda for others, became a locus of heated debate. After roughly a decade of neglect, movements to metaphorically resurrect her surfaced, and the years since the turn of