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Jean-Pierrte Boulé, Nik Farrell-Fox, Rebecca Pitt and Bradley Stephens

Bradley Stephens, Victor Hugo, Jean-Paul Sartre and the Liability of Liberty Review by Jean-Pierre Boulé

Jonathan Webber (ed.), Reading Sartre: On Phenomenology and Existentialism Review by Nik Farrell-Fox

Christina Howells, Mortal Subjects: Passions of the Soul in Late Twentieth-Century French Thought Review by Rebecca Pitt

Felicity Joseph, Jack Reynolds and Ashley Woodward (eds.), The Continuum Companion to Existentialism Review by Nik Farrell-Fox

Jean-Pierre Boulé and Enda McCaffrey (eds.), Existentialism and Contemporary Cinema: A Sartrean Perspective Review by Bradley Stephens

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Joseph Bohling La Lutte antialcoolique en France depuis le XIXe siècle by Bertrand Dargelos

Sally Debra Charnow Théâtres en capitales: Naissance de la société du spectacle à Paris, Berlin, Londres et Vienne, 1860–1914 by Christophe Charle

Philip Nord In Pursuit of the People: Political Culture in France, 1934–39 by Jessica Wardhaugh

Arthur Plaza Mobilizing Youth: Communists and Catholics in Interwar France by Susan B. Whitney

Romain Lecler The New Face of Political Cinema, Commitment in French Film since 1995 by Martin O’Shaughnessy

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Claudia Weiss, Wie Sibirien “unser” wurde. Die Russische Geographische Gesellschaft und ihr Einfluss auf die Bilder und Vorstellungen von Sibirien im 19. Jahrhundert. Kristina Kuentzel-Witt

Niobe Thompson, Settlers on the Edge: Identity and Modernization on Russia’s Arctic Frontier Patty A. Gray

Susan A. Crate, Cows, Kin, and Globalization: An Ethnography of Sustainability John P. Ziker

Athol Yates and Nicholas Zvegintzov, Siberian BAM Guide: Rail, Rivers & Road David Lempert

Rane Willerslev, Soul Hunters: Hunting, Animism and Personhood among the Siberian Yukahgirs Joseph Long

Books Received for Review

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'Alphabetical Positions'

Engendering Letters in Early Modern Europe

Bianca F.-C. Calabresi

In the 1603 edition of James I’s Basilikon Doron, the epistle from James to Prince Henry ends with a characteristic conflation of paternal and royal identities in James’ printed signature – ‘Your loving Father, I.R.’ – which moves the king from intimacy to authority as much through the shift in form from upper and lower case letters to all capitals as it does in the shift in language from the vernacular to Latin.1 The seventeenth-century printer Joseph Moxon explains the rationale behind capitalizing certain words in print and not others

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Helen P. Fry, Evelyn Friedlander and Alan Sillietoe

Edward Kessler (ed.), A Reader of Early Liberal Judaism, Vallentine Mitchell, 2004, 200pp., £16.95, ISBN 0-8530-3592-X

Eva Tucker, Berlin Mosaic, Starhaven, 2005, 154 pp., £8.00, ISBN 0-9363-1522-9

Anthony Godfrey, Three Rabbis in a Vicarage, Larson Grove Press, London, 2005, 366 pp., £20.00, ISBN 0-9549-1090-7

William J. Fishman, East End Jewish Radicals, 1875–1914, Five Leaves Publications, Nottingham, 2005, 336pp., £13.99. ISBN 0-9071-2345-7

Rudolph Rocker, The London Years, (transl. Joseph Leftwich), Five Leaves Publications, Nottingham, 2005, 228pp., £14.99. ISBN 0-9071-2330-9

Adam Horowitz, Next Year in Jerusalem, HooHah Press, Stroud, £2.00.

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Douglas Mair

The global economy is battling financial crisis and recession on an unprecedented scale. Reisman's book Democracy and Exchange reviews the contributions of a number of thinkers including Adam Smith and Joseph Schumpeter to the task of making ordinary people feel tolerably happy with the outcomes that affect their lives. The article argues that although Smith is viewed as the principal figure in the Scottish political economy tradition, there are other writers, notably John Rae whose ideas may have more contemporary relevance than those of Smith. A return to the ideas of Rae and Schumpeter, particularly on fiscal policy, may provide important insights into the financial crisis.

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Nicole Abravanel

English abstract (full article is in French):

This article focuses on the role of spatiality in the world of eastern Mediterranean Jews, which is viewed as a configuration of networked space. In looking at the wide range of views elicited by Joseph Pérez, a novel by Abraham Navon published in 1925, it is appropriate that spatiality be studied conjointly and comparatively as much from the point of view of the observer as the observed, in order to divest oneself of preconstructed and opposed East/West stereotypes. The publication of Joseph Pérez occurred in the midst of a significant upsurge in exotic and orientalist literary trends, which presented the “oriental” Jew as a reflection of this opposition. The study of the positioning of characters in the work of Abraham Navon, as well as in the work of the celebrated author Albert Cohen, reveals the underlying stratum of articulated spaces that differ as much in terms of the world of the authors’ imaginations as that of the transterritorial migration of these Sephardic individuals.

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Goebbels' Wunderwaffe as Counterfactual History

David Culbert

The most expensive film produced in the Third Reich, Veit Harlan's Kolberg (1945) represents a culmination of Nazi cinema's interwoven ideological and artistic ambitions, aiming simultaneously to entertain, impress, and instruct spectators. Joseph Goebbels, who served as the film's unofficial executive producer, conceived it as a psychological miracle weapon capable of preserving national unity in increasingly hopeless circumstances and turning the tide of the war. In theory this was to be achieved by drawing a parallel between the civilian militia's successful defense of Kolberg during the Napoleonic Wars and Germany's situation in early 1945. However, close study of the film's production, distribution, and reception suggests that the film largely failed to achieve its propagandistic goals for a variety of factors, especially Goebbels' obsessive meddling with the script and editing process.

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Dark Night of the Early Modern Soul

Humanists, Clashing Cartesians, Jesuits, and the New Physiology

Jeffrey D. Burson

During the sixteenth century, Jesuit renovations of medieval Aristotelian conceptions of the soul afforded an important discursive field for René Descartes to craft a notion of the soul as a substance distinct from the body and defined by thought. Cartesianism, however, augmented rather than diminished the skeptical crisis over the soul and the mind–body union. This article explores the work of a Jesuit intellectual, René-Joseph Tournemine, whose attempt to navigate between Malebranche’s Cartesianism and the metaphysics of Leibniz proved influential during the eighteenth century in ways that intersect with the development of Enlightenment biological science. Tournemine’s theologically motivated conjectures about the nature of the mind–body union reinforced an important shift away from considering the soul as a metaphysical substance in favor of seeing it as a pervasive motive force or vital principle animating the human organism.

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The Musée du Quai Branly

Art? Artifact? Spectacle!

Herman Lebovics

Designed by Jean Nouvel, the Musée du Quai Branly, the just-opened museum of African, Amerindian, Pacific, and Asian cultures, covers a city block on the Left Bank of Paris's museum row. Both in landscaping and internal layout, Nouvel wished to frame the building within his understanding of the cultures on display inside, but also within its setting in the metropolitan capital. Objects collected in the imperial age now are displayed in what French officials see as the postcolonial era. But how were the pieces on display to be shown: as works of art or well-made cultural artifacts? Nouvel took the lead in evoking a vision of the cultures on display that is closer to Joseph Conrad's dark tales than to enlightened contemporary scholarship and museology on these societies. Neither an art nor an ethnography museum, the Musée du Quai Branly is a spectacle about the societies of the global South.