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Wolf Schäfer

This contribution revisits the dictum "history is the teacher of life" (historia magistra vitae) and shows that modern knowledge-societies are beginning to use their growing information about natural and human history to address present-day problems. Starting with Leopold von Ranke's refusal to investigate history for the benefit of learning from it, the essay cites two contemporary attempts at extracting useful knowledge from history: "real-world experiments" and "natural experiments." Wolfgang Krohn developed the former with collaborators in Bielefeld and Jared Diamond features the latter.

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Sezin Topçu

This article adduces evidence of the central role played by scientists in the 1970s and “lay persons” in the post-Chernobyl period in the production and legitimation of alternative types of knowledge and expertise on the environmental and health risks of nuclear energy in France. From a constructivist perspective, it argues that this shift in the relationship of “lay persons” to knowledge production is linked not only to the rise of mistrust vis-à-vis scientific institutions but also, and especially, to a change in the way they have reacted to “dependency” on institutions and to “state secrecy”. Counter-expertise is constructed as a politics of surveillance where alternative interpretations of risk are buttressed by a permanent critique of the epistemic assumptions of institutional expertise. The identity of “counter-expert” is socially elaborated within this process.

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Introduction

Posthuman? Nature and Culture in Renegotiation

Kornelia Engert and Christiane Schürkmann

exposed and transformed into an ethical category. Phenomena, incidents, and developments—such as the great challenge of climate change, accidents as witnessed in Chernobyl 1989, catastrophes such as tsunamis and bushfires, or the mutation of pathogens as

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Malfunctioning Affective Infrastructures

How the “Broken” Road Becomes a Site of Belonging in Postindustrial Eastern Siberia

Vasilina Orlova

rupture. An example of such affective powers activated in disruption can be the Chernobyl disaster ( Brown 2013, 2019 ; Petryna 1995 ). This does not mean that a smoothly functioning road does not produce or reveal its affect, but it does suggest that

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Kylie Message, Masaaki Morishita, Conal McCarthy, and Lee Davidson

(USAID) tin can door addressed by John Giblin (103) is one case in point, and the mechanical claw from Chernobyl discussed by Robert Maxwell is another (148). Yet contributors also make clear that this love affair can only ever be one-way. As Tracey

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Facing a Toxic Object

Nuclear Waste Management and its Challenges for Nature-Culture-Relationships

Christiane Schürkmann

Insurance of Nuclear Hazard: Risk Policy, Safety Production and Expertise in the Federal Republic of Germany and the United States]. Göttingen : Wallstein . Wynne , Brian . 1989 . “ Sheepfarming after Chernobyl: A Case Study in Communicating Scientific

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Conjuring “the people”

The 2013 Babylution protests and desire for political transformation in postwar Bosnia-Herzegovina

Larisa Kurtović

: University of Minnesota Press . Petryna , Adriana . 2002 . Life exposed: Biological citizens after Chernobyl . Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press . Piot , Charles . 2010 . Nostalgia for the future: West Africa after the Cold War . Chicago

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Natural Resources by Numbers

The Promise of “El uno por mil” in Ecuador’s Yasuní-ITT Oil Operations

Amelia Fiske

. “ The Role of Quantitative Models in Science .” In Models in Ecosystem Science , 13 – 31 . Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press . Petryna , Adriana . 2002 . Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl . Princeton, NJ : Princeton

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Dumpster Diving for a Better World

Explaining Unconventional Protest and Public Support for Actions against Food Waste

Benedikt Jahnke and Ulf Liebe

Untersuchung über die Ursachen politischen Protests [The Chernobyl effect: An investigation into the causes of political protest]. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. 10.1007/978-3-663-09636-8 Pentina , Iryna , and Clinton Amos . 2011 . “ The Freegan

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Between ‘Greatness’ and ‘Ignorance’

The Transition to Nuclear Power in Turkey

Sezin Topçu

in the Turkish context and the forms of justification presented. This is followed by an exploration of the forms of ignorance production and their evolution since the Chernobyl accident, with a view to understanding the current forms of risk