The ‘honour-shame syndrome’ is an anthropological model originally developed in the sixties to describe Mediterranean cultural unity. The model came under heavy criticism, producing a veritable ‘anti-Mediterraneanist’ backlash. There is, however, a renewed interest in the regional paradigm. This article attempts an analysis of concepts of ‘honour’ in Malta, contextualising it within the broader ethnographic and linguistic evidence from the region. The author argues that ‘honour’ is a salient moral concept, and in fact, Maltese has a rich and highly nuanced discourse of honour, which includes both sexualised and nonsexualised aspects. While the author criticises the simplistic ‘honour-shame syndrome’ paradigm, he argues that honour needs to be considered in its own right as an important key to analysing the contemporary Maltese moral economy as it engages with ‘modernity’.
Paradigms of Honour in a Mediterranean Moral Economy
Déjà vu in the South
Jon P. Mitchell
For good reasons, anthropology some decades ago deconstructed the Mediterraneanist picture of familialist societies in the South. However, this deconstruction unexpectedly had its political twin in Malta’s fight against corruption to meet the conditions for EU-membership in 2004. Drawing on a deeper concept of “territoriality”, introduced by anthropologist Ina-Maria Greverus, the article considers lately observed new variants of nationalist positions that paradoxically are deeply entwined with clientelistic dynamics against the state, culminating in the recent murder of critical journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia.
Ritualised Empathy on the Doorstep of Heaven
This article explores the miracles and ex-votos (votive offerings) associated with the Ta' Pinu shrine on Gozo, Malta's northernmost island. Drawing from ethnographic data, analysis of various personal accounts, and observations of people's interactions with the bricolage of Ta' Pinu ex-votos, I seek to show that Gozitans perform a highly personal yet ritualised form of empathy in the context of miracle worship. The miracles associated with Ta' Pinu are thus seemingly 'contagious' and meaningful, because they elicit existential connections and reflections on the nature of supplication and Gozitan social relations.
Negotiating the Modern and the Traditional in Educational Settings
–nachalo XX v.) . Leningrad : Nauka . Vassallo , Clare T. 2009 . “ Identity and Instruction: Issues of Choice between the Maltese Language and Its Others. ” Pp. 349 – 363 in A Sea for Encounters: Essays towards a Postcolonial Commonwealth , ed. Stella
Kaloyan Haralampiev and Georgi Dimitrov
total expenditure for construction work, goods and services, as a percentage of GDP is eliminated, Greece becomes equal to Bulgaria; Italy surpasses Hungary; Slovenia, Spain and Cyprus surpass Latvia; Malta surpasses Portugal; Luxembourg and Germany