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Miniature Bride or Little Girl Religious

First Communion Clothing in Post-war Spanish Culture and Society

Jessamy Harvey

The tradition of religious clothing for children is relatively unexplored: this article develops the premise that debates about the links between the sacred and the market go deeper than concern about consumption, and bring to the surface issues of identity. Through exploring the historical development of the First Communion, not as religious ritual but as Catholic consumer culture, the article turns to analyse girls' communicant dress in Spain between the 1940s and 1960s which were the early decades of a dictatorial Regime (1939 to 1975) marked by an ideology of National-Catholicism. General Francisco Franco y Bahamonde, leader of the military rebellion against the elected government in 1936, ruled Spain until his death. One of my aims is to correct a tendency to make the little girl dressed in bridal wear the most visible sign because to do so disregards the cultural practice of wearing clothing to perform piety, signal a vocation or express gratitude for religious intercession.

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Girl, Interrupted and Continued

Rethinking the Influence of Elena Fortún’s Celia

Ana Puchau de Lecea

In late 1920s Spain, Elena Fortún (pseudonym of Encarnación Aragoneses, 1886–1952) introduced the character of Celia Gálvez de Montalbán, a seven-year-old girl from a middle-class family in Madrid. She presented Celia as a girl who encouraged

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The Concept of Sentimental Boyhood

The Emotional Education of Boys in Mexico during the Early Porfiriato, 1876–1884

Carlos Zúñiga Nieto

Romantic attitudes toward the concept of boyhood flourished in the Yucatán region during the beginning of the independence fight in Cuba against Spain in 1868. Recent scholarship has focused on the changing concepts of childhood through hygiene

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Cinemas of Boyhood Part II

Timothy Shary

blockbuster The Sound of Music (1965) ; and Andrei Tarkovsky made his debut in the Soviet Union with Ivan’s Childhood (1962) . Boys continue to captivate in more recent European productions such as El Bola (Spain, 2000) , Libero (Italy, 2006) , Grave

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Claudia Mitchell

, compared, for example, to the lives of girls over the age of 13. A new collection of articles on tween culture, then, and one linked to a range of educational, socio-cultural and geographic contexts—in this case, Canada, the UK, the US, and Spain—is long

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The Girl in the Text

Representations, Positions, and Perspectives

Ann Smith

being implicated in adult-created forms of (often very dangerous) determinism. Girls in texts are presented as heroes who empower themselves and others with lasting effect in Pakistan, Puerto Rico, a Canadian Residential School, and Spain

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Thatcher’s Sons?

1980s Boyhood in British Cinema, 2005–2010

Andy Pope

Rambow is unusual because it has two protagonists in this situation. Lee also has no one exerting any paternal influence, with both his parents living in Spain, having left him with his laddish brother, Lawrence (Ed Westwick). Lee’s efforts to adopt

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Reading Production and Culture

UK Teen Girl Comics from 1955 to 1960

Joan Ormrod

Marilyn’s Screen Test! Screen Test is a game you’ll be thrilled by. YOU play a love scene with TOMMY STEELE.” The record story, set in Spain, where “they go in for something called romance in a very big way,” promoted Tommy’s latest film, Tommy the

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Barbara Roche Rico

consider another form of colonialism. After nearly 500 years of Spanish control, Puerto Rico became an American possession in 1898. Puerto Ricans were accorded American citizenship in 1917 (see Cabranes 1979 ; Carrión 1981 , 1983 ). It was not until the

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Robyn Singleton, Jacqueline Carter, Tatianna Alencar, Alicia Piñeirúa-Menéndez and Kate Winskell

written primarily in Spanish. Partners distributed contest leaflets that provided instructions on how to participate in the contest and, in the case of the primary and secondary school teachers, provided guidance to support youth through the creative