Despite scholars’ tremendous interest in the dynamics of Turkish laicism, little to no attention has been paid to the actors and the practices through which Islamic morality is propagated among society every day. This article investigates the Directorate of Religious Affairs (Diyanet)’s policy that has been increasing the number of women working as preachers since 2003. To what extent and how does the employment of the Diyanet’s women preachers affect the way in which religion and Islamic public morality grow and are spread in Turkey today? What specifically is women’s contribution in this respect? Drawing on an ethnographic observation of the Diyanet’s women preachers’ activities in Istanbul mosques, the article outlines how they contribute to reshaping Turkish laicism while diffusing Islamic morality in the public space.
The Role of the Diyanet’s Women Preachers
Anthony Glendinning, Ol'ga Pak, and Iurii V. Popkov
The study looks at young people's situations in small communities in Siberia against a backdrop of socioeconomic and rural-urban divides in post-Soviet Russia. Focusing on the end of compulsory schooling, the study looks at the fit between young people's accounts of their circumstances, aspirations for the future and feelings about themselves, as well as implications for mental well-being. A mixed-methods approach is adopted, including preliminary fieldwork, a large-scale survey (n approximately 700) and in-depth interviews (n approximately 90). Situations and well-being in rural areas and small towns in Novosibirskaia oblast' are compared with life in the city of Novosibirsk. There is stark segmentation by locality. In small communities, the household 'copes' along with the young person in shared goals and understandings and in aspiring to get 'an education' as a means to secure employment and a 'comfortable' life beyond subsistence. Most households locally share the same situations. Almost all imagine continuing their education and leaving their home communities, dependent on family resources and networks. Horizons are limited to towns in the region, or perhaps the city, seen as a place of possibilities but also risks. Beyond the rural household, the collectivity of peers represents another key resource in negotiating and maintaining self-worth. Neither individualism nor the reach of 'global' culture is evident. Young people are embedded in the 'local', but despite their situations and poor prospects, these do not affect their sense of themselves. If anything, profiles of mental well-being and, certainly, self-worth are better in rural communities compared to the city.
Temporal Dimension of Attitudes toward Infrastructure and Opportunities for Relocation from the Northern Town
The Case of Kamchatskii Krai
–urban migration pattern of the Russian regions: a chance to complete one’s education in a larger city is still perceived as a prerequisite for future employment and economic security (Babaian and Liubimova 2015; Glendinning et al. 2004: 37–41 ; Habeck 2009: 199
Egor Antonov and Venera Antonova
Translator : Tatiana Argounova-Low
were dominated by female employment ( Osinskii 1983: 27–28 ). Continuous industrial development in the north of the country territorially coincided with the Table 1 Number of personnel with higher education in Iakutiia by profession (thousands). 1955
An Unfortunate Case of Anglo-Saxon Parochialism?
that same period. In 1970, UK manufacturing accounted for 30 per cent of GDP, 16.3 per cent of total world exports and had trade surpluses of 4–6 per cent annually. Furthermore, 35 per cent of UK employment was in this sector. By 2010, 13 per cent of
The Political Economy of Desire and Competing Matrimonial Emotions
by prioritizing employment and educational achievements as sources of social prestige, the state’s concern with declining birth rates, especially after World War II, also attached social status to women’s reproductive role as child bearers. In the
The Case of Young People Leaving Noril’sk and Dudinka
active in two age cohorts: young people aged 15–19 (school graduates) and people of retirement age (50–65, as the retirement age is lower in the area). At the same time, the bulk of people moving to Noril’sk (mostly seeking employment) are aged 20
How Qatari Women Combine Cultural and Kinship Capital in the Home Majlis
and above are housewives. Another 31 per cent are actively employed, plus another 2.5 per cent who are looking for employment (see Table 3 ). Qatari women, similar to women in most Gulf countries, are still overwhelmingly employed in the public sector
Utilisation of Working Animals (and Women) in Ancient Mesopotamia and Modern Africa
. Archaeological commentary also rarely recognises the year-round utilisation and other strategies required to provide return on investment in working animals. In Classical Greece, for example, ox use for ploughing was contingent on additional employment: ‘there
Alla Bolotova, Anastasia Karaseva, and Valeria Vasilyeva
be one of the main employment spheres for young people; in addition, youth also find employment in the public sector, in the service sector, and in trade. Furthermore, Kirovsk is located in the foothills of the Khibiny Mountains, which makes the city