time. By establishing particular rhythms through temporal play, an otherwise chaotic future is given a certain expected direction. In McDonald’s words, ‘“temporal play” means that time has become manipulable and that it has been put at stake’ (ibid
Time-Tricking and the Limits of Temporal Play in Children’s Online Film-Making
Movement, Kinetic Distribution, and Personhood among Siberian Eveny
precipitates a future event through the medium of a narrative about one’s own future. Specifically, I explore how the framework of ‘becoming’ and the transformability of personhood can assist us in understanding the ways that the future is perceived and
Erland Mårald and Erik Westholm
Introduction This article explores how the future has been approached in Swedish forestry over the last 150 years. While the history of forestry in Sweden is generally well researched (e.g., Antonson and Jansson 2011 ; Eliasson 2002 ), the
Staying and leaving as tactics of life in Latvia
governments in power, concrete policy measures, or corrupt politicians. It began to seem that a future different from the one inherent in the oppressive present was possible. Amid this proliferation of hope for a global spring, Latvia stood out. It stood out
A Theoretical Introduction
used for educational purposes. Two vocational training centres have opened for future workers for Bremerhaven’s currently stumbling offshore wind-farm industry. The future electricians are to benefit from the city’s enormous reindustrialization efforts
Reining in the Future in the Yemeni Youth Revolution
Several miles of tents, marquees and wooden shacks weave their way through the heart of Sana‘a, the capital of Yemen. Aims, plans and manifestos of a future state circulate. A man atop a stage shouts through a microphone to the crowds below who are
Temporal complexity and generational clashes in an East German city
Hoyerswerda, Germany's fastest-shrinking city, faces problems with the future that seem initially unrelated to the past and yet excite manifold conflicting accounts of it. The multiple and conflicting temporal references employed by Hoyerswerdians indicate that the temporal regime of postsocialism is accompanied, if not overcome, by the temporal framework of shrinkage. By reintroducing the analytical domain of the future, I show that local temporal knowledge practices are not historically predetermined by a homogenous postsocialist culture or by particular generational experiences. Rather, they exhibit what I call temporal complexity and temporal flexibility-creative uses of a variety of coexisting temporal references. My ethnographic material illustrates how such expressions of different forms of temporal reasoning structure social relations within and between different generations. Corresponding social groups are not simply divided by age, but are united through shared and heavily disputed negotiations of the post-Cold War era's contemporary crisis.
This note revisits Weber (especially his General Economic History) and Knight on risk and calculation, while adding commentary based on some other authors, notably Durkheim in The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. Some recent ethnographies of finance are considered, as well as popular literature on making money. The future is unknowable, but modern societies train their members to expect to pin down future time. Precise calculation of future outcomes is a chimera, one of the principal causes of the recent financial collapse. Reasoning works best backwards as rationalization and this is scientific method. Extrapolation from the past to the future is where it all breaks down.
Temporality, Uncertainty, and Well-Being among Iraqi Refugees in Egypt
While displacement has always involved the refiguring of space, scholars of forced migration have recently begun to consider how temporality might be crucial to an understanding of displacement. In this article, I consider the interplay of temporal and spatial uncertainty in the experience of exile for Iraqi refugees in metropolitan Cairo. By examining how Iraqis understand displacement as uncertain and how this uncertainty is a cause of significant distress, I show that an attunement to temporality can help us to understand refugees' experiences of displacement. Iraqi refugees spoke of exile in Cairo as 'living in transit'—a condition in which disjuncture between their expectations about exile and its realities contributed to an altered experience of time in which the future became particularly uncertain and life was experienced as unstable. One solution sought by refugees is resettlement, a process that often renders the future even more uncertain, at least in the short term.
Hungary’s gradual transformation
Sometimes it is suggested that communism collapsed not least because its leaders ran out of any vision of a promising future for Eastern Europeans. My own experience of 1989 partly challenges this assumption. By that time, aware of the imperative of Hungary’s European integration, communists tried to demonstrate their will and skill to lead the country to the new path by proposing a grand project that could elicit the support of Western and domestic elites and capture the imaginations of ordinary people.