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Heal and Serve

Soviet Military Doctors “Doing Masculinity” during the Afghan War (1979–1989)

Magali Delaloye

The Soviet intervention in Afghanistan can be seen as a laboratory for examining the Soviet construction of masculinity during the last decade of the USSR. Focusing on male Soviet military doctors as individuals, this article aims to present how these doctors constructed their virile presentation of self in a war situation and how they managed their position within the military community. Taking a pragmatic historical approach, the article considers the doctors through their interactions with both women and men, examining gendered practices such as “protecting weak people,” “asserting authority,” “expressing emotions (or not),” and “impressing others.” It offers a case study for the analysis of one of the many forms of Soviet military masculinity under late socialism and its place in Soviet society.

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Between Ordinary Pain and Extraordinary Knowledge

The Seer Vanga in the Everyday Life of Bulgarians during Socialism (1960s-1970s)

Galia Valtchinova

This article focuses on a little-known aspect of everyday life in socialist Bulgaria: the act of consulting a clairvoyant for health issues, thereby dealing with the broader process of medicalisation of healing. It is grounded on files from consultations with the renowned Bulgarian seer, prophetess and healer baba Vanga, which were collected between 1966 and 1974. These highly specifi c historical sources allow me to analyse late twentieth-century ideas and notions of health and disease, of pain and suffering, and thus to access social realities, cultural practices and representations of healing under socialism. By scrutinising the categories used in these records, the article delineates the relationship between the seer-healer, her patients, and the state institutions involved in the regulation of this process.

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Jan Ifversen

healing powers of the body. In its modern use, it instead designates the impossibility of such healing. A crisis emerges when society is incurably ill. Fourth, crisis is also a moment of truth when light is shed on characters and events. The famous

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Sharon A. Kowalsky

toward healing and reconciliation. Schwartz and Takševa conclude that transnational comparisons of wartime rape raise awareness of the treatment of survivors and the need to integrate their narratives into official discourse and memory. As always, this

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Public Health in Eastern Europe

Visible Modernization and Elusive Gender Transformation

Evguenia Davidova

population increase and quantification; the other two chapters present two case studies of empirical healers and illustrate how laws were translated into (and contested by) the realities of rural life. While the modernizing impulses from the urban centers

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Between Trauma and Resilience

A Transnational Reading of Women's Life Writing about Wartime Rape in Germany and Bosnia and Herzegovina

Agatha Schwartz and Tatjana Takševa

Cathy Caruth's verdict about the “unspeakability” of trauma. In stark contrast, Kaplan argues that by telling and sharing traumatic memories, a certain “working through” and healing of traumatic memory can happen. Joanna Bourke and Ann Cvetkovich 11

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From Morality to Psychology

Emotion Concepts in Urdu, 1870—1920

Margrit Pernau

(2014): 381–397. 54 For an introduction into Unani medicine in the nineteenth century, see Seema Alavi, Islamic Healing: Loss and Recovery of an Indo-Muslim Medical Tradition, 1600–1900 (Ranikhet: Permanent Black, 2007). For the role emotion knowledge

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Heidi Hakkarainen

greatest homeopath: it heals mere symptoms and these only with the smallest doses. There are individual institutions for individual crimes of society, just as there are individual compassionate hearts for the suffering of individuals. However, the world has

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Crossing Boundaries

The Case of Wanda Wasilewska and Polish Communism

Agnieszka Mrozik

Press, 1988), 108. 22 See Andrzej Walicki, Marxism and the Leap to the Kingdom of Freedom: The Rise and Fall of the Communist Utopia (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1997). 23 Sanacja, after the Latin word sanatio (healing), was a political

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Elaine MacKinnon

terror was destructive and dysfunctional, leaving wounds that could never heal. The suffering of mothers in the camps illuminates poignantly the inhumanity of the Gulag, yet at the same time their resiliency in the face of personal tragedy helps us to