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Heidi Hakkarainen

This article explores the ways the emerging concept of humanism was circulated and defined in early nineteenth-century German-language press. By analyzing a digitized corpus of German-language newspapers and periodicals published between 1808 and 1850, this article looks into the ways the concept of humanism was employed in book reviews, news, political reports, and feuilleton texts. Newspapers and periodicals had a significant role in transmitting the concept of humanism from educational debates into general political language in the 1840s. Furthermore, in an era of growing social problems and political unrest, humanism became increasingly associated with moral sentiments. Accordingly, this article suggests that its new political meanings and emotional underpinnings made humanism culturally contagious, particularly immediately before and during the 1848/49 revolutions.

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An Intellectual Genealogy of the Revolt against “Esprit de Système”

From the Renaissance to the Early Enlightenment

Jeffrey D. Burson

William J. Bouwsma speaks of the sixteenth century as the “waning of the Renaissance,” a period during which the notion of empowering human nature through rhetoric, arts, and letters, so characteristic of Quattrocento civic humanism, was shaken by

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Making and Unmaking the Working Class

E. P. Thompson and the “New Labor History” in the United States

James R. Barrett

For both political and historiographical reasons, E. P. Thompson's The Making of the English Working Class had a great impact on the new radical US history at its moment of gestation. Thompson's Socialist Humanism appealed to younger radical historians seeking to break with both Cold War liberalism and a highly structuralist form of Marxism. His looser conception of class and his emphasis on culture shaped a new more flexible conception of class formation. Yet Thompson's interrogation of class analysis, and the racial and ethnic complexity of the process in the United States, encouraged an emphasis on “unmaking” in the American context. If we have deconstructed and greatly complicated the notions of class and class formation, this process started not with postmodern theory but rather with The Making. The experience of class, which resides at the center of the book, also draws our attention to the emotional dimension of class.

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Romanticizing Difference

Identities in Transformation after World War I

Nadia Malinovich

universalism, humanism, romanticism, and racism were much messier and intertwined. This volume brings together researchers in history, linguistics, and literary studies to reflect on these issues in order to explore the varied ways in which human difference was

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Daniel Lord Smail

Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress . 1 Both books offer a spirited defense of Western civilization and do so through the writing of history. I open my door to all who believe that the study of the past brings clarity. Like

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From Act to Fact

The Transformation of Suicide in Western Thought

Daniel Gordon

lens of early modern humanism. Suicide and Historians Historians study particulars, but they can also contribute to the understanding of universals. History can be a mode of understanding patterns of behavior, such as immigration, racism, revolution

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Joanna Bourke

humanism.” 48 He notes that “harassment, intimidation, and forced copulation are found in many species, including gorillas, orangutans, and chimpanzees.” 49 Rape, he contends, “is not exactly a normal part of male sexuality [note that equivocal ‘not

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Michael B. Loughlin

approach to economic affairs, while demanding more unity and cohesion in political affairs; detesting Marxism, class struggle, and secular humanism while extolling corporatism, class collaboration, and right-wing Catholicism; despising the French Socialists

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Stefan Nygård and Johan Strang

of those “principles of generalization”—for example, Roman civilization, Christianity, humanism, science, modernity, capitalism, and so forth—in whose name the claim for universal attention has been made. 13 Shifting attention from Eurocentrism to

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Bridging the Political Gaps

The Interdiscursive Qualities of Political Romanticism in the Weimar Republic

Christian E. Roques

the prime role that romantic universalism occupies as a tradition as well as a topical answer to the present: Romanticism is the first great countermovement to Enlightenment, Humanism, and Renaissance. It pushes back Antiquity’s ideal of life and