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Introduction

Reconceptualizing Transit State in an Era of Outsourcing, Offshoring, and Obfuscation

Antje Missbach and Melissa Phillips

There has been growing pressure on states to “solve” the phenomenon of irregular migration. Destination countries have transferred this pressure onto transit countries, which are assumed to have the political will, ability, and means to stop irregular migration. This special section looks at the ways in which transit countries respond to challenges, pressures, and compromises in matters of irregular migration policies through a number of empirical case studies. Making transit countries the main focus, this special section aims to scrutinize domestic policy discourses in the transit countries, which are influenced by regional agreements and economic incentives from abroad but are also shaped by local interests and a wide range of actors. Of special interest is to understand whether the logics of destination countries that favor deterrence and exclusion have been adopted by politicians and the public discourse within transit countries.

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Moving on

Italy as a stepping stone in migrants’ imaginaries

Anna Tuckett

opportunities in Europe could be scoped out. Since “illegal” status immobilizes migrants, Italy’s easily manipulated rules and access to permits made it a country that migrants could use as a legal base either until they were securely set up elsewhere, or until

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Introduction

Desire for the political in the aftermath of the Cold War

Dace Dzenovska and Nicholas De Genova

citizens to the United Kingdom, where a campaign of populist hostility to “Eastern European” migrants has culminated in the referendum demanding Britain’s departure from the EU. Others have suddenly become immobilized, as in the case of Bosnia, where the

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What Am I StIll Doing Here?

Travel, Travel Writing, and Old Age

Robin Jarvis

still center on her daughter, as when she has a nasty moment walking across a crumbling cliff face: “I remembered that potentially far more dangerous moment when terror immobilized me on a cliff-face high above the Indus river in the Karakoram while a

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The Meanings of the Move?

From “Predicaments of Mobility” to “Potentialities in Displacement”

Stephen C. Lubkemann

seemingly most dire circumstances)—treated as an open empirical question. The transformation of an individual’s relationship to place through migration (or conversely through immobilization) can profoundly alter the social opportunity structures that

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Anna Scolobig, Luigi Pellizzoni and Chiara Bianchizza

, if managed improperly, participatory processes may lead to inefficiencies, stabilize existing power distributions, slow decision making, foster conflicts and immobilize institutions (e.g., Lofstedt 2004 ). These types of outcomes frequently stem from

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Kosher Biotech

Between Religion, Regulation, and Globalization

Johan Fischer

complies with these standards. Gelatin is necessary to produce an immobilized lipase for edible oils. However, gelatin of bovine and porcine origin is out of the question, so a fish-based gelatin now has to be used. These transformations signify the move

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Jack Hunter, Annelin Eriksen, Jon Mitchell, Mattijs van de Port, Magnus Course, Nicolás Panotto, Ruth Barcan, David M. R. Orr, Girish Daswani, Piergiorgio Di Giminiani, Pirjo Kristiina Virtanen, Sofía Ugarte, Ryan J. Cook, Bettina E. Schmidt and Mylene Mizrahi

between materiality and memory fixation ( Forty and Küchler 1999 )—Boston’s Memorial Games show a pragmatic perspective on memory immobilization. Loss is dealt with in performance, not only by annually experiencing previous losses, but also by honoring the

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Space of Hope for Lebanon’s Missing

Promoting Transitional Justice through a Digital Memorial

Erik Van Ommering and Reem el Soussi

of information on the fate of a beloved one. It freezes the grief process, leaving families or family members in a vicious cycle of hopelessness and immobilization that can lead to depression and anxiety ( Boss 1999 ). Ambiguous loss is a relational