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Elaine MacKinnon

This article analyzes the Gulag memoirs of four women political prisoners—Olga Adamova-Sliozberg, Liudmila Miklashevskaya, Nadezhda Joffe, and Valentina Grigorievna levleva-Pavlenko—to examine the interplay of motherhood and survival. Each was a mother of small children sentenced to forced labor camps in the northern polar regions of the Soviet Union. Motherhood played a complex role in their survival. The rupture in family relations, particularly the separation from their children, magnified the psychological and emotional stress of their incarceration. Yet, being a mother in the camps provided a compelling motivation to stay alive. It helped them to sustain a sense of normalcy by connecting them to their former lives and to the family unit that represented stability and sustenance amid the bleakness of their Gulag existence.

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Helena Goscilo and Yana Hashamova

Invariably invoked in gender studies, such fundamental terms and concepts as sexual difference, masculinity and femininity, fatherhood and motherhood, as well as patriarchy, teem with complexities and ambiguities. Gender as a category in feminist psychoanalytic discourse grew out of a series of debates about how and where to formulate the problem of cultural construction. Do cultural socialisation and the internalisation of norms determine gender? Is gender part of a linguistic network that precedes and structures the formation of the ego and the linguistic subject? After approximately four decades of feminist and gender scholarship, the competing answers outnumber the repeated questions in the lively multi-vocal debate that shows no sign of abating.

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"Maternal Impressions"

Disability Memoirs in Socialist Poland

Natalia Pamula

This article discusses disability memoirs written by mothers of disabled sons during state socialism in Poland. It recovers an often forgotten experience of living socialism as a mother of a disabled child and analyzes disability as a category of difference that, unlike gender or class, was not reordered by the socialist state. It argues that disability reconfigured motherhood as a political institution under state socialism and shows that a child’s disability permitted women to become politically disobedient subjects. Disability allowed women who were responsible for their children’s overcoming disability to make demands on the state and criticize it for the lack of sufficient accommodations and resources. At the same time, the article highlights the violence embedded in the relationship between a disabled son and his mother.

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Women and Gender in Europe from 1939 to the Present

Challenging and Reassessing the Narrative

Rochelle Goldberg Ruthchild

“Europe and Women in the Early United Nations,” Darja Zavirsek writes about “Women and Social Work in Central and Eastern Europe,” Michal Shapira makes visible “Psychoanalysts on the Radio: Domestic Citizenship and Motherhood in Postwar Britain,” Francisca

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The Role of Small-Scale Farming in Familial Care

Reducing Work Risks Stemming from the Market Economy in Northeast Thailand

Shinsuke Tomita, Mario Ivan Lopez and Yasuyuki Kono

work. Even in contemporary countries where tensions exist between performing motherhood duties and participating in the labor market, the role of kin in provisioning welfare is by far not negligible. Research conducted on British women suggests that the

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Olesya Khromeychuk

firmly in the myth that “nature bestowed upon women the function of motherhood, however in war a woman brings death.” 9 Similarly to Antonova , there are other scholars who treat women’s presence in the context of war as extraordinary or even unnatural

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Christina Oesterheld

rights. We should not forget that in a society in which repudiation is so widespread and so easy, husbands change, but children stay. 60 Bouhdiba also points out that motherhood was a protection, being the only security for a woman 61 as well as the only

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Ayşe Durakbaşa, Rochelle Goldberg Ruthchild, Ana Pajvančić-Cizelj, Evgenia Sifaki, Maria Repoussi, Emilia Salvanou, Tatyana Kotzeva, Tamara Zlobina, Maria Bucur, Anna Muller, Katarzyna Stańczak-Wiślicz, Lukas Schretter, Iza Desperak, Susan Zimmermann and Marina Soroka

state socialism in the countries of the Eastern bloc. In the first part, “Between the Fin-de-Siécle and the Interwar Period,” Cynthia Paces analyzes “Czech Motherhood and Fin-de-Siécle Visual Culture,” demonstrating the ways in which at a time of

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Love and Sex in Wartime

Controlling Women’s Sexuality in the Ukrainian Nationalist Underground

Marta Havryshko

historiography to turn her attention to the personal sphere of Ukrainian women’s everyday practices connected with motherhood. 4 There is also a growing body of biographical studies of the OUN and UPA women. A former OUN member, Nadiia Mudra, has tried to

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Concepts of Emotions in Indian Languages

Margrit Pernau

of parental love a generation ago and pointed to deep-reaching changes. See Elisabeth Badinter, The Myth of Motherhood: An Historical View of the Maternal Instinct (London: Souvenir Press, 1982); for recent works see Nina Verheyen, “Tears in