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Between the Old and the New World in Poland

Marian Falski’s Elementarz

Joanna Wojdon

Marian Falski’s “Reading Primer” (Elementarz) was the first textbook to be published in Warsaw in 1945 by the newly established State School Publishing House (Państwowe Zakłady Wydawnictw Szkolnych). It was officially approved by the Ministry of Education and by the Censorship Office, but nevertheless had an interim character, unlike other editions published before, during and after the war, both in Poland and abroad. The core of the book was reprinted from the prewar edition. However, in his depictions of war trauma and postwar circumstances the author was apparently trying to comply with the propaganda model developed during the Stalinist period. These findings are empirically grounded in a content analysis of the primers following archival research conducted in the files of the Ministry of Education and the Censorship Office, both of which are housed in the Modern Records Archive (Archiwum Akt Nowych) in Warsaw.

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Education, Entertainment, and Indoctrination

Educational Film in Interwar China

Kaiyi Li

This article demonstrates how educational film in interwar China served the dual purpose of mass recreation and political indoctrination. It places educational film in China in the context of Chinese tradition and the predominance of utilitarian scholarship. On the one hand, China has a long history of using mass-recreational tools in order to influence and control society. On the other hand, foreign educational films available in the early twentieth century were not attractive to Chinese audiences. Hence, the boundary between recreational and educational film at the time was ambivalent and the combination of recreation, education, and propaganda was reflected both in the phenomenon of showing educational films and in the contents of the films themselves.

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Meglio di ieri

Educational Films, National Identity and Citizenship in Italy from 1948 to 1968

Anne Bruch

of work reveals the methodological double disentanglement between education, information, and propaganda. This article analyzes the argumentation, rhetorical devices, and “audiovisual” master narratives of postwar Italian information policy and early

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The German Colonies in Die Weltgeschichte als Kolonialgeschichte

The Use of Filmic Techniques in Colonial Revisionism in the 1920s

Michael Annegarn-Gläß

Translator : Katherine Ebisch-Burton

became a limited company and even survived the Second World War. 8 One of the works the institute produced was the propaganda film Die Weltgeschichte als Kolonialgeschichte , which received approval allowing it to be shown to young audiences in May of

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Educational Film Studies

A Burgeoning Field of Research

Anne Bruch

films. She analyzes the 1948 film The Body Fights Bacteria and considers health films in the discourse of patriotism and propaganda. 20 Another distinguished example of the new trend in film and media studies is Films that Work: Industrial Film and

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“Be Prepared!” (But Not Too Prepared)

Scouting, Soldiering, and Boys’ Roles in World War I

Lucy Andrew

, recruitment propaganda—both official and unofficial, obvious and subtle—had to plan ahead, targeting “not just those approaching 18 but also younger boys who might be needed later” (8). The war stories produced by authors such as Escott Lynn and Rowland Walker

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Eulalia Guzmán and Walt Disney’s Educational Films

A Pedagogical Proposal for “Literacy for the Americas” in Mexico (1942–1944)

María Rosa Gudiño Cejudo

Translator : Stephen Torgoff

cultural issues in Latin America, or “the other Americas”, as the countries to the south of the United States were known. 2 Propaganda was one of its main objectives, but not the only one. The OIAA sought to further unify the continent, going so far as to

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Buffeted by Political Winds

Children’s Literature in Communist Romania

Adrian Solomon

“signs for peace / like a pencil pointing upwards” ( Theodorescu 1963b: 22 ). Little by little, the idea of peace was corrupted for political reasons, overused, and eventually demonetized. The golden age of peace propaganda would make a comeback only in

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Indoktrination oder Innovation?

Der Unterrichtsfilm als neues Lehrmedium im Nationalsozialismus

Verena Niethammer

skizziert. Einführung des Films als neues “Lehrmittel” Aufgeschlossene Pädagogen erkennen bereits in der Anfangszeit des neuen Mediums, dass Filme nicht nur für Zwecke der Unterhaltung oder Propaganda im weitesten Sinne, sondern auch für die Bildung von

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Girls with Disabilities in the Global South

Rethinking the Politics of Engagement

Xuan Thuy Nguyen

the participants to challenge the discourses of global propaganda that defined them as victims of war. As part of the visual process, the girls in our workshop were given 30 minutes to work on their own drawing, give it a title, and write a caption. 4