The practice of men swapping daughters for wives or nieces as daughters-in-law is evident among the Bedouin. Although this pattern has its roots in ancient Arab culture and is a unique exception to theories of exchange marriage (EM), there is little reference to the circumstances of its occurrence in the anthropological literature. This article reviews the background of and suggests explanations for this practice. EM is shown to be a strategy that largely serves the desire for upward mobility of small and hence lowly graded groups of agnates. The article demonstrates how EM operates in an olden 'urfi setting, dominated by patrilineages, while shar'i courts tend to oppose it. We argue that, although it entails structural implications, this behavioural pattern does not have a structural end.
'Urf, Shar'ia and State Law
Gideon M. Kressel and Khalil Abu-Rabi'a
Damon Boria, Thomas Meagher, Adrian van den Hoven, and Matthew C. Eshleman
(carbon taxes, cap and trade and so on), we could continue the leisure revolution with new vigor” (234). Therefore, both work and leisure should be re-evaluated. Work should become “vocational” (260) and then “[s]urfing during leisure… [could become
Reining in the Future in the Yemeni Youth Revolution
weapons they arrived full of condemnation of what had become their way of life. Decades of violence and cyclical revenge killings found moral coherency in neither the ideals of tribalism ( qabyala ) nor in the stipulations of customary law ( ‘urf ) ( Adra