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Toward an Anthropology of ‘State Failure’

Lebanon’s Leviathan and Peace Expertise

Nikolas Kosmatopoulos

The sizable amount of academic and policy-oriented literature on socio-political violence in Lebanon could be said to have rendered the country a 'prestige zone' for theorizing on the powerful image of the Leviathan, the Hobbesian idea that a secular social order is achievable only within a strong sovereign state. Building on the insights of the anthropology of the state, this article argues for the necessity of a critical assessment of contemporary expert discourses of 'state failure'. Based on archival research and anthropological fieldwork, the article addresses the metaphor of the failed Leviathan as an empirical question. Overall, it seeks to explore its productivity as an applied expert category and to highlight both the conditions of its construction and dissemination, as well as some of its particular effects.

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From war to development

Women leading the nation

Leymah Gbowee

nation could sink that we had not gotten into. The Economist reported Liberia to be a failed State at a time when people were eating their neighbors’ dogs and living off bush snails. So, there were all kinds of descriptions of the nation and the people

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Professionalizing Persons and Foretelling Futures

Capacity Building in Post-Earthquake Haiti

Kristin LaHatte

’. Reflections for Evidence-based Policy Making . http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/222901468029372321/pdf/944300v10REPLA0sment0EN0web0version.pdf . Zanotti , L. 2010 . ‘ Cacophonies of Aid, Failed State Building and NGOs in Haiti’. Third World

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Introduction

Tower block “failures”? High-rise anthropology

Constance Smith and Saffron Woodcraft

): 146 – 156 . 10.1111/j.1468-5973.2009.00575.x Bøås , Morten , and Kathleen M. Jennings . 2005 . “ Insecurity and development: The rhetoric of the ‘failed state.’ ” European Journal of Development Research 17 ( 3 ): 385 – 395 . 10

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Denielle M. Perry and Kate A. Berry

degradation ( Finley-Brook & Hoyt, 2009 ). Further concerns centered on CAFTA harming Central America through declines in family living conditions due to increased unemployment from failed state businesses; increased service prices; increased migration; and

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“Eyes, Ears, and Wheels”

Policing Partnerships in Nairobi, Kenya

Francesco Colona and Tessa Diphoorn

Mozambique .” Development and Change 37 ( 4 ): 847 – 869 . 10.1111/j.1467-7660.2006.00504.x Call , Charles T. 2008 . “ The Fallacy of the ‘Failed State.‘ .” Third World Quarterly 29 ( 8 ): 1491 – 1507 . 10.1080/01436590802544207 Colona

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Steve Kwok-Leung Chan

. The prolonged shutdown of the country under the junta rule led Myanmar to become a failed state; economic backwardness and low wage levels made it the largest labor-sending country of origin among ASEAN states. The democratization of the migration or

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Christiane Lemke

on the left. Examples on how the right can influence public discourse is the debate about “safe” third countries and deportations to Afghanistan or the cooperation with the failed state of Libya regarding refugees. See Lenz Jacobsen “Krasse Meinungen