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Emma Liggins

The social purity ‘crusade’ that gathered force after 1885 initiated a change both in ways of representing prostitution and in public opinion about ways of dealing with the sexually deviant woman. Since the 1860s the police had been granted the power under the Contagious Diseases Acts to apprehend women of doubtful virtue in the streets and insist that they be medically examined; if found to be diseased, they could then be detained in lock hospitals. Once these acts were repealed in 1885, prostitutes had greater freedom but were also kept under surveillance by philanthropists and the medical profession. A variety of discourses constructed the prostitute either as an innocent victim of male lust or as a ‘demon’ and ‘contagion of evil’. Judith Walkowitz has argued that such an ideological framework excluded the experience of women who drifted into this lifestyle temporarily, and provided ‘a restrictive and moralistic image’ of the fallen woman. Arguably, literary representations of prostitutes tended to flesh out the potentially restrictive images used in feminist, medical and periodical writing on the subject, though no form of discourse was immune to the strong influence of the language of purity used by the members of the National Vigilance Association (NVA) and its advocates.

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Anna Lopes

This article provides a reassessment of the Berlin socialist women's movement of the mid-1890s as a historically significant attempt to establish a new kind of gender politics. The article shows how the movement provides an entry point to a broader, richer, more complicated feminist resistance than previously recognized. The historiographical processes that have narrowed interpretations of the movement are explored through a feminist-Foucauldian lens, which reveals the more collaborative activities and fluid alliances both among the women's groups and between them and a wider circle of social democratic men. A feminist-Foucauldian approach shifts attention to the movement's formation as an effect of power, highlighting its innovative organizational style, leadership, theorists, ideas, and resistance activities.

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The Ill-Equipped Modernist

Historicizing Édouard Dujardin’s Les Lauriers Sont Coupés

Kelly J. Maynard

In the spring of 1903, the story goes, 21-year-old James Joyce loitered by the bookstand in a Parisian train station on his way to a concert at Tours. Thumbing through the pages of a short novel written by Édouard Dujardin in the 1880s, he became

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The Concept of Religion in Meiji Popular Discourse

An Analysis of the Newspaper Yomiuri Shimbun

Makoto Harris Takao

translation for “religion” in political and legal discourse by the 1880s and whose use continues to this day. 5 In recent years, however, a scholarly reappraisal has ushered in what Jolyon Baraka Thomas refers to as a “reflexive turn in the field of Japanese

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Republican Imperialisms

Narrating the History of “Empire” in France, 1885–1900

Christina Carroll

’s associations with Bonapartist politics, however, a growing number of writers, intellectuals, and politicians began to use the term to refer to France’s overseas territories in the 1880s and the 1890s, as the republicans consolidated their hold over the

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Time and Space in Time and Space

Mapping the Conceptual History of Mental Maps and Historical Consciousness

Janne Holmén

explaining the wave of mental mapping from the 1880s to the 1910s. Accord ing to pragmatism, knowledge of the world is created through interaction. In George Herbert Mead's philosophy, manipulatory experience led to the notion of physical objects, and through

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Rebranding Desolation

The Allure of Israel’s Desert Landscapes

Amelia Rosenberg Weinreb

, regional planning reports, tourist advertising, and ethnographic fieldwork in the small Negev Desert town of Mitzpe Ramon, I illustrate in this article how Israel’s landscape has been rebranded for various audiences from the 1880s to the present. In

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Whitney Walton

From the 1880s until her death in 1908, Arvède Barine, pseudonym of Louise-Cécile Vincens, was a popular and influential writer in France and beyond, yet hardly anyone recognizes her name today. She wrote for wide-circulation periodicals, including

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Review Article

Simon Grennan, Roger Sabin and Julian Waite, Marie Duval (Oxford: Myriad Editions, 2018)

David Kunzle

the long-term development of an extraordinary artistic property, which quickly became a new sociological phenomenon: a dissolute trickster called Ally Sloper. He attained wild popularity in the 1870s and 1880s, and beyond. He was the first of many

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Florian Triebel

The motorcar changed the modern world. While German inventors inaugurated the automotive era in the late 1880s, industrial production was scaled up first in France, followed shortly by the United Kingdom and the United States. Before World War II, the German automotive industry remained small, despite its central role in pioneering the technology. While around 3.8 million cars left U.S. plants in 1928, German manufacturers produced only 108,143 automobiles. The bulk of these vehicles were sold domestically, and as another indication of low German production, American companies built nearly a quarter of the German total in assembly plants they set up across Germany.