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The Mendès France Milk Regime

Alcoholism as a Problem of Agricultural Subsidies, 1954–1955

Joseph Bohling

In 1954, Pierre Mendès France committed the state to curbing alcoholism as part of an effort to reorient important agricultural sectors and improve French economic performance, using milk as a symbol of his government's new direction. While Mendès France's milk drinking was often portrayed as the whim of a maverick politician, this article shows instead that it was the expression of a broadly based movement to modernize the economy. Challenging the view of an insular state that exclusively served the powerful alcohol lobbies, this article contends that the success of alcohol reform hinged on Mendès France's ability to overcome parliament and pit other economic sectors and a public health movement against those lobbies. Although it would require the more centralized authority of the Fifth Republic to implement lasting reforms to the alcohol sector, the Mendès France government helped raise public awareness about the purported link between alcoholism and agricultural subsidies that kept uncompetitive producers on the land at the taxpayer's expense.

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Once again on the Problem of Alcoholism and Suicide among the Indigenous Peoples of the Russian North

Can Attribution Style Be a Factor?

Kirill Istomin

Existing explanations of the high rates of alcoholism and suicide among the numerically small indigenous peoples of the Russian North, Siberia, and the Russian Far East relate these social diseases to external factors such as state politics, or the economic, demographic, or socio-cultural situation. However, these reasons do not explain how exactly these factors influence the consciousness of indigenous people and determine the behavior patterns leading to alcohol consumption or suicide. This research report empirically tests the hypothesis that the group-specific attribution style that makes these people more pessimistically assess reasons and causes of events happening to and around them can play a role. The results of quantitative research conducted among teenagers representing both indigenous and non-indigenous populations of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Region and the Republic of Komi generally confirm this hypothesis.

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From Insurrectional Socialism to French National Socialism

Gustave Hervé and the Great War

Michael B. Loughlin

rate, which would eliminate a cause of war and a symptom of French decadence. 64 The growing image of an expiatory war from the pen of the freethinking former Sans Patrie could have made a cleric proud. Hervé’s evolution on topics like alcoholism and

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Tajik Male Labour Migration and Women Left Behind

Can They Resist Gender and Generational Hierarchies?

Mary Elaine Hegland

Poverty and unemployment send at least one million Tajiks to Russia for low-level labour migration. The migrants, mainly male, leave women behind to manage on their own. As a result, women have to work all the harder to try to feed themselves and their children, often against great odds. Male migrant labour to Russia, along with unemployment, alcoholism, drug dependency and other problems, also results in a shortage of marriageable males. This is a serious problem because Tajiks expect girls to marry early. Globalisation, poverty and male labour migration serve to exacerbate existing gender and generational hierarchies.

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Responsibility and Authority in Drinking

Arctic Workshop at the University of Tartu, Estonia (30–31 May 2014)

Aimar Ventsel

This 2014 workshop was the fifth Arctic workshop held at the University of Tartu and the second dedicated to alcohol. In retrospect, both workshops were fruitful but differed in scope. The main difference between the first workshop in 2013 and second was that the first focused primarily on the social and cultural meaning of alcohol in the Arctic and the second broadened its geography. In the latter, we included papers presenting research results from outside the Arctic region. Comparing two workshops, then, it should be mentioned that, while the first was more in-depth, the second had more comparative focus. Besides various regions of Siberia, the talks in the workshop dealt with Mongolia, Latvia, and Sweden. Unfortunately, several participants had to cancel at the last moment—therefore an exciting study about alcohol use among Ethiopian students and the semantics of Canadian alcoholism were missed.

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Public Health in Eastern Europe

Visible Modernization and Elusive Gender Transformation

Evguenia Davidova

distance themselves from the official political line” (222). While Le Bonhomme analyzed family patients, Esther Wahlen pays attention to women alcoholics in Czechoslovakia. By the 1960s the disease model of alcoholism gained currency internationally

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“Save the Men!”

Demographic Decline and the Public Response in the Late Soviet Period

Tricia Starks

, most men are killed in accidents. In the second place, they must conduct anti-alcohol and anti-nicotine propaganda. Alcoholism is one of the most important causes of the rise in male mortality. The fight with alcoholism is especially important because

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All-Male Warrior Dances and Men's Groups Coping with the Decline of Manhood and Immigration in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

Zoia Tarasova

's gender identity and self-esteem traditionally tied to their role of providers, causing high levels of alcoholism, depression, and early death among them ( Vinokurova 2010 ; Vinokurova & Boiakova 2009 ). On the face of it, Sakha men may appear to have

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A Heideggerian Reading of Jack’s Homelessness in Marilynne Robinson’s Home

Fatima Zahra Bessedik

story generally revolves around Jack Boughton, who is considered by his community to be ‘the black sheep’ of his family for his alcoholism, thievishness and lack of spirituality. After leaving his family house and not returning for twenty years, he

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Family on the Edge

Neblagopoluchnaia Family and the State in Yakutsk and Magadan, Russian Federation

Lena Sidorova and Elena Khlinovskaya Rockhill

feeling of normality that former rural dwellers bring with them to the city where the environment and requirements for proper parental behavior are very different. Another important criterion is that of alcoholism. To a question as to how committee members