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Christian Ewert and Marion Repetti

What is democratic theory? In this article we treat it as a semiotic code – that is to say, a shared assumption – and argue that democratic theory enables people to think and talk about the idea(s) of democracy. Furthermore, the application of this specific code is highly political. For one, it is embedded in concrete contexts and discourses and used in arguments and narratives. In addition, the application of democratic theory has also substantial consequences on the lives of people. We illustrate this argument by reflecting briefly on Abraham Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address” and its recodification and consequences in different contexts.

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Italy and the United States

The Politics and Poetics of 'The Southern Problem'

Michael Kreyling

Both nations were ‘made’ in the 1860s. One was proclaimed on March 17, 1861; the other began a doomed civil war for its autonomy on April 12, 1861. The architect of Italian unification, Count Camillo Cavour, did not live to see the national reality; he died a few months after the proclamation. Abraham Lincoln died before national unity was reclaimed. As a policy of unification, the victorious North dissolved monasteries without anticipating negative effects on employment and social services for the poor. The victorious North dissolved the slave labour system in the defeated states without adequately anticipating the effect on employment and social services for the poor and black. In the southern regions of Italy the primary organisation for agricultural land use was a large holding, usually owned by one family, and rented to peasants: latifundia. In the southern regions of the United States the primary organization for agricultural land use was a large holding, usually owned by one family, and worked by slave labour: plantations. Southerners in the new Italy tended to view their civilisation as separate from the new nation, ‘an ancient and glorious nation in its own right’.1 Southerners in the US tended to view their civilisation as separate within the nation as a whole, ‘ancient’ by New World standards, and ‘glorious’ by virtue of its traditions.

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A Hebrew Take on Shylock on the New York Stage

Shylock ‘47 at the Pargod Theatre (1947)

Edna Nahshon

parents, and as a young man moved to New York, where he immersed himself in the radical theatre of the 1930s. Frye participated in the Workers’ Laboratory Theatre and apprenticed with the Group Theatre. In 1936 he joined the Abraham Lincoln Brigade and

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“Clear and Present Danger”

The Legacy of the 1917 Espionage Act in the United States

Petra DeWitt

this included the conviction of eight German agents who conspired, through Walter Kappe’s Operation Pastorius, to sabotage manufacturing plants, destroy Jewish businesses, and spread terror in the United States. Roosevelt, using Abraham Lincoln’s

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Demos and Nation

Misplacing the Dilemmas of the European Union--In Memory of Stanley Hoffmann

Charles S. Maier

constructed on the sense of difference from other groups separated by geography. They can be forged in war or the threat of war. A demos can also be built upon a sense of shared history—what Abraham Lincoln evoked in seeking to defend the Union as “the mystic

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Kylie Message, Masaaki Morishita, Conal McCarthy, and Lee Davidson

uncomfortable, or challenge the assumptions that I might hold or that I see held by those around me. Indeed, my preference is to work with “disobedient” objects rather than with those typically identified as “national treasures”—Abraham Lincoln’s hat, Kermit the

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Stacy M. K. George

constitutionalist Marcus Tullius Cicero and from Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln. Taking a quick glance around the room, I see that about half of the people in the room appear to be in a meditative state, with their heads bowed and eyes closed. After a hearty

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Donatella della Porta

Press . Schwartz , Barry . 1996 . “ Memory as a Cultural System: Abraham Lincoln in World War II .” American Sociological Review 61 ( 5 ): 908 – 927 . https://doi.org/10.2307/2096461 . Sewell , William H. 1996 . “ Three Temporalities: Toward

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Ananta Kumar Giri

thus is integrally linked to nurturing a democratic mode of being. Quentin Skinner and Glenn Perushek tell us how rhetorics and speeches of persuasion are significant for democracy. Perushek (2006) tells us how Abraham Lincoln used an art of

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Simon Tormey and Jean-Paul Gagnon

to political scientists now and that reflect the topics many democratic theorists have been discussing of late. Both of these dimensions are given in Abraham Lincoln’s definition of democracy from the ending of his Gettysburg Address. Lincoln says to