), discussed, portrayed, and acted in relation to the status of Israel’s Palestinian-Arab citizens, who will be referred to using various terms such as Palestinian citizens of Israel, Israeli Arabs, and Israel’s Arab minority. The article focuses on two periods
The American Jewish Committee and Israel’s Palestinian Minority, 1948–1966
Geoffrey P. Levin
This article unveils a virtually unknown chapter in the history of judicial diversity in Israel. During its first 20 years of existence, between 1948 and 1968, only three Arab judges were appointed. Then, within two years, between 1968 and 1969, Israel appointed three additional Arab judges. Two interconnected changes account for this small increase in judicial diversity. First, in the 1960s, the Arab legal elite began to exert pressure on Israeli officials to appoint Arab judges. Second, perhaps partly due to this pressure, the Judicial Selection Committee made having a diverse judiciary a top priority. This historical example teaches us that without outside pressure, the Judicial Selection Committee does not look on diversity as an important consideration, using the merit system of appointment as an excuse for its failure. Indeed, up to the present day, the Israeli judiciary has relatively few Arab judges.
From 'Quietism' to Ethno-nationalism
Hillel Cohen, The Rise and Fall of Arab Jerusalem: Palestinian Politics and the City since 1967 (New York: Routledge, 2011), 162 pp.
Oded Haklai, Palestinian Ethnonationalism in Israel (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011), 243 pp.
Amal Jamal, Arab Minority Nationalism in Israel: The Politics of Indigeneity (New York: Routledge, 2011), 324 pp.
Ilan Pappé, The Forgotten Palestinians: A History of the Palestinians in Israel (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2011), 336 pp.
Ilan Peleg and Dov Waxman, Israel’s Palestinians: The Conflict Within (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011), 262 pp.
Yitzhak Reiter, National Minority, Regional Majority: Palestinian Arabs versus Jews in Israel (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2009), 403 pp.
Transitioning from Mandate to Statehood
immigrants from the Arab countries who were absorbed into Israeli society, as well as the Arab minority in the state. In this manner, the Sephardi leadership endeavored to maintain during the early period of the State of Israel the self-perception it had
Culture, Life and Intersectional Identity in Israeli Druze Photography
Israelis / Palestinian Israelis and creates another faction within the Arab minority and an autonomous religious community. Bureaucratic manipulation has historically been considered a ‘divide and conquer’ method for segregating Arab religious groups from
A Comparative Study
Haifaa Majadly and Aharon Geva-Kleinberger
Palestinian Arab minority.” 21 The Arab school system in Israel is under the organizational authority of the Israeli Ministry of Education and its contents are dictated by the policies of the official institutions, with no tangible input from Arab citizens
Enlightening Trends in Non-Western Democracies
Sigal Ben-Rafael Galanti, Paz Carmel, and Alon Levkowitz
) describes Israel as an ethnic democracy, where the Arab minority lacks equality. Benyamin Neuberger (2003) asserts that Israel's democracy suffers from specific flaws: it lacks a liberal basic law; religion and state are too strongly interrelated; it
Wang Zhen, Alfred Tovias, Peter Bergamin, Menachem Klein, Tally Kritzman-Amir, and Pnina Peri
and her readers, a fear of the unknown brought about by the prospect of peace paralyzed the Israeli demos (with the exception of its 20 percent Arab minority). It reversed a trend of optimism associated with the early Oslo years (1991–1995) and
democratic ways to achieve our goals Civil and national rights for the Arab minority in Israel We will continue to support the Palestinian people to achieve an independent country We have political rights in Israel Balad received its legitimacy from the Arab
Hilla Dayan, Anat Stern, Roman Vater, Yoav Peled, Neta Oren, Tally Kritzman-Amir, Oded Haklai, Dov Waxman, Raphael Cohen-Almagor, Alan Dowty, and Raffaella A. Del Sarto
Arab states (p. 182). This perspective does not coincide with the role of the Arab minorities in the 1948 War and unfortunately does not receive enough emphasis in Geller's analysis. For example, throughout the book, Geller asserts that during the 1948