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Mourning at New Year's Day (Nowruz)

Cultural Practice against Ideology

Reinhold L. Loeffler and Erika Friedl

solar calendar. The Twelver Shi'a commemorative rituals on Ashura in Muharram and Arba'yin , the 40th-day-mourning of the death of Imam Huseyn, fall on different dates during the four seasons, sometimes making it awkward for people to perform the

Open access


Religious Rituals’ Reflection of Current Social Conditions in the Middle East

Ingvild Flaskerud

Huseyn on the day of Arba'yin over the joyous celebration of the Persian New Year, Nowruz . Islamic and Persian calendars and rituals have traditionally operated side by side in Iran, forming integral parts of people's identity as Iranian Muslims. The

Open access

The History in Procession

Shiʿite Identity Formation through Frames of Arbaʿyin Pilgrimage Narrative

Ahmad Shekarchi

Epic is the preferred form of the narration (see Chart 2 ). Chart 2. Narrative map of political Arba'yin. 2022. ©Ahmad Shekarchi. The Tribal Route: The Silent Plot Moving from Raʾs ol-Bīshih toward Karbalâ, the 590-kilometre tribal