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Anna Lopes

This article provides a reassessment of the Berlin socialist women's movement of the mid-1890s as a historically significant attempt to establish a new kind of gender politics. The article shows how the movement provides an entry point to a broader, richer, more complicated feminist resistance than previously recognized. The historiographical processes that have narrowed interpretations of the movement are explored through a feminist-Foucauldian lens, which reveals the more collaborative activities and fluid alliances both among the women's groups and between them and a wider circle of social democratic men. A feminist-Foucauldian approach shifts attention to the movement's formation as an effect of power, highlighting its innovative organizational style, leadership, theorists, ideas, and resistance activities.

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“Comrades in Battle”

Women Workers and the 1906 Finnish Suffrage Victory

Eric Blanc

ultimately necessary, political change.” 72 The workers’ movement in Russia and beyond shared Pärssinen’s perspective. For August Bebel, the German Socialist leader and author of the influential work Women and Socialism , the events in Finland represented

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Sabine von Mering, Luke B. Wood, J. Nicholas Ziegler, John Bendix, Marcus Colla, and Alexander Dilger

hagiography, but it exudes admiration at almost every turn. Eisner emerges from its pages as a deeply humane moderate relentlessly assailed on the one side by radicals and orthodoxers like August Bebel, Karl Kautsky, Rosa Luxemburg and Franz Mehring; and on

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“Did You Teach Us to Do Otherwise?”

Young Women in the Tsukunft Youth Movement in Interwar Poland and Their Role Models

Magdalena Kozłowska

], Sotsyalistishe yugnt shtime [Socialist youth voice], no. 5 (1919): 8. The other four circles in Włocławek were named after Karl Marx, Jean Jaures, Friedrich Engels, and August Bebel. 29 “Heldins un martinerins (bamerkungen tsu bilder)” [Female heroes and

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Socialisms in the Tsarist Borderlands

Poland and Finland in a Contrastive Comparison, 1830—1907

Wiktor Marzec and Risto Turunen

, and August Bebel in 1891. Karl Marx now became the leading authority of the Finnish left, as in Germany a decade earlier. The Finnish variant of socialism was simplified Marxism , for Marx was interpreted through the writings of Karl Kautsky, 56

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Masha Semashyna, Krassimira Daskalova, Ioana Cîrstocea, Mineke Bosch, Samin Rashidbeigi, Lauritz Guldal Einarsen, Isidora Grubački, Jasmina Lukić, and Agnieszka Mrozik

many of them came to the communist movement precisely through books: the works of Karl Marx, Rosa Luxemburg, August Bebel, Clara Zetkin, and many others proved to be a platform for meeting other comrades, a tool for building consensus on goals and

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Ten Years After

Communism and Feminism Revisited

Francisca de Haan, Kristen Ghodsee, Krassimira Daskalova, Magdalena Grabowska, Jasmina Lukić, Chiara Bonfiglioli, Raluca Maria Popa, and Alexandra Ghit

dealing with women’s issues, relied heavily on Marxist rhetoric and contained references to authoritative “classical” texts by August Bebel, Lili Braun, and Vladimir Ilich Lenin (or Georgi Dimitrov, in the Bulgarian case), a practice that might have