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Who is Afraid of Blacks in France? The Black Question

The Name Taboo, the Number Taboo

Louis-Georges Tin

In 2005, black people in France decided to create a national organization: the CRAN. The country had lived for decades on the myth of human rights and equality, and as a result, minorities were invisible, and were expected to remain so. Therefore, the two most important goals of the CRAN have been: to give a name, to give a figure. The taboo of the name was broken when black people decided to stand up for what they are, to call themselves "black," however unusual this might sound in French public discourse; the taboo of the figure was also broken when the CRAN decided to launch the issue of ethnic statistics in France. Until then, blacks would not exist as such in this country, and racial discrimination would remain ignored for the most part. But since this campaign was launched, ethnic statistics have become an important issue. The debate is still going on.

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Black Moves

Moments in the History of African-American Masculine Mobilities

Tim Cresswell

This article builds on previous work on the politics of mobility within the broad remit of mobility studies to ask how such an approach might illuminate the history of black geographies in the United States. 1 As befits a mobilities approach

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Toward Black Girl Futures

Rememorying in Black Girlhood Studies

Ashley L. Smith-Purviance, Sara Jackson, Brianna Harper, Jennifer Merandisse, Brittney Smith, Kim Hussey, and Eliana Lopez

confronted. In her powerful novel, Beloved (1987a), Morrison further complicates how Black people are conditioned to disremember their pasts and move on despite their past pain and trauma that remerge in the present and future. Instead, she offers rememory

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Spatializing Black Girlhood

Rap Music and Strategies of Refusal

Asilia Franklin-Phipps

Introduction In this article, I consider some of the ways in which white supremacy and anti-Blackness constrain Black space and, thereby, Black life, with particular and specific effects on Black girls. Although I understand that age creates

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Whites Cannot Be Black

A Bikoist Challenge to Professor Xolela Mangcu

Keolebogile Mbebe

whether whites can be black. In his essay ‘Whites Can Be Black’, Xolela Mangcu (2015b) argues that whites can be black. However, what makes Mangcu unique is not that a white or black person can transcend race and acquire a national consciousness but his

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Black Girls Swim

Race, Gender, and Embodied Aquatic Histories

Samantha White

In the winter of 1941, a Harlem audience gathered to watch Black girls swim at the West 137th Street Branch of the YWCA. The branch, which served Black girls in New York City, boasted an extensive Physical Education department that included, among

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Black Geographies and Black Ecologies as Insurgent Ecocriticism

Alex A. Moulton and Inge Salo

for (White) “Man” and nothing(ness) for Black bodies ( Wynter 1995 , 2003 ). Mutinies at sea and desertions portended the abjurations of destiny of life-as-death and property that would be diversely and vociferously articulated by Blacks in the

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Teaching Black Girlhood Studies with Black Motherhood Studies

An Autoethnography

Renata Ferdinand

Introduction I looked at the syllabus that I had so painstakingly put together for Introduction to Black Women Writers. It had all the big names: Audre Lorde; bell hooks; Patricia Hill Collins; and Dorothy Roberts. It had poetry. Even the

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Black as Drought

Arid Landscapes and Ecologies of Encounter across the African Diaspora

Brittany Meché

i have got old in a desert country i am dry and black as drought —Lucille Clifton, ca'line's prayer “Talk of Deserts” In the poem “ca'line's prayer,” Lucille Clifton charts the progression of Black generational memory through

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Black Placemaking under Environmental Stressors

Dryland Farming in the Arid Black Pacific, 1890–1930

Maya L. Shamsid-Deen and Jayson M. Porter

The intimate relationships Black people have maintained with native, wild-type, and domesticated plants is long standing and has profound impacts on society. African peoples were crucial during early plant domestication circa 10,000 years ago and