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Tracking Skilled Diasporas

Globalization, Brain Drain, and the Postcolonial Condition in Nigeria

Nduka Otiono

This essay examines the trajectories of skilled labor migrants within a global South-North migration matrix using an interdisciplinary framework. Focusing on Nigeria's huge brain drain phenomenon, the essay draws from the limited available data on the field, interpreting those data through theoretical perspectives from postcolonial studies, Marxism, cultural studies, and human geography. The study spotlights the example of the United States of America as a receptacle of skilled migrants and raises questions of social justice along the North-South divide. The research demonstrates that contrary to the dominant image promoted by some elements in the Western media of migrants as irritants or criminals who disturb well-cultivated, advanced World economies and social spaces, 1 those nations benefit highly from Africa's (and other migrant countries') labor diasporas, especially the highly skilled professionals.

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Voices of internationalisation of higher education from sub-Saharan Africa, China and Indonesia

Sintayehu Kassaye Alemu, Mei Qu, and Zulfa Sakhiyya

internationalisation. Often this is done without adequate consideration of contextual differences, whether social, structural or economic. Moreover, the developed world sets out to attract academic scholars from developing countries and triggers brain drain, which is a

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Book and Website Reviews

Silvia Rief, Antonino Palumbo, John Craig, Dorothy Sheridan, Barry Stierer, and Gabriela Edlinger

Myra H. Strober (2011): Interdisciplinary Conversations. Challenging Habits of Thought

Review by Silvia Rief

Hans Radder (ed.) (2010): The Commodification of Academic Research: Science and the Modern University

Review by Antonino Palumbo

Gabriela Pleschová (ed.) (2010): IT in Action: Stimulating Quality Learning at Undergraduate Students

Review by John Craig

Les Back (2010-11): Academic Diary, http://www.academic-diary.co.uk/

Sally Fincher, Janet Finlay, Isobel Falconer, Helen Sharp and Josh Tenenberg (2008-11): The Share Project, http://www.sharingpractice.ac.uk/homepage.html

Review by Dorothy Sheridan and Barry Stierer

Sabine Hikel (ed.): Leaving Academia: Offering Resources for Academic Leavers and Accounting for the Phenomenon of Brain Drain in Academia, http://www.leavingacademia.com/

Review by Gabriela Edlinger

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Science against Politics or the Politicization of Science? Research Agencies and the Debate over Research

Massimiano Bucchi and Federico Neresini

“We are not afraid of dismantling privilege and have scientists in the

streets, demonstrating and turning in their lab coats and test tubes. I

would like to ask these scientists what great discoveries they have

made. We will probably find out that they haven’t discovered very

much, while so many young researchers are excluded from pursuing

careers.” The words are those of Minister for Education, Universities,

and Research Letizia Moratti, commenting a few months after loud

protests by a large number of Italian scientists against the decision by

the government to restructure research agencies. The protest represented

an important stage of a phenomenon that was without precedent

(not only in Italy) until only a few years ago: the mobilization of

scientific researchers. It also was the most salient moment of an elaborate

public debate on the problems of scientific research in Italy that

carried on throughout 2003. The debate had a number of important

implications, touching on issues such as insufficient investment in

research; the so-called brain drain, that is, the inability to retain competent

researchers, who leave Italy to work in foreign institutes; the

growing dissatisfaction of younger generations with established scientific

research; and the need to remain internationally competitive in

areas of productivity and innovation.

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Book Review

Sintayehu Kassaye Alemu

research methodology and priority. This is standardised as interconnectedness in this book. The cumulative effects are the alienation of the African higher education institutions from their society and brain drain, which is a grave challenge to all academic

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Austerity in Africa

Audit cultures and the weakening of public sector health systems

James Pfeiffer

public sector with comparatively very high salaries and benefits ( Pfeiffer et al. 2014 ). A 2012 study of this “internal brain drain” in Mozambique revealed that nearly half of the physicians who had left the health system in recent years had been

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Challenges faced by Iraqi academics in career advancement and promotion

A survey-based study

Zainab Atiyah Dakhil, Moatamn Skuk, and May Al-Jorani

retaining the services of retired academics, has caused dramatic brain-drain in the higher education system, with experienced and productive academics being lost. Such brain-drains and the loss of experts and mentors are critical challenges for the academic

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The Challenges Faced by Contemporary Pan-African Intelligentsia in the Re-building of Africa

A Nkrumahist Perspective

Ezekiel S. Mkhwanazi

stop Africa’s ‘brain drain’. According to Mazrui and Kaba (2016: 84), ‘brain drain’ is a result of ‘folks [that] left Africa in the aftermath of the disruptions and dislocations of the colonial and post-colonial experience’. According to the two authors

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The Costs of German Division

A Research Report

Werner Pfennig, Vu Tien Dung, and Alexander Pfennig

received in Moscow from the comecon Bank just one ruble, which was 2.5 times worse as compared to normal business transactions.” 12 There was an enormous brain drain. From its founding until the first half of 1990 about 3.8 million people left the gdr

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Reports

Publications, Exhibitions and Conferences

Sara Farhan, Paul Fox, and Fakhri Haghani

and unpredictable migration routes with the ultimate goal of reaching England. However, Dewachi negates the ‘brain drain, brain gain’ trope accepted by modern medical anthropologists. To Dewachi, the mass exodus of Iraq’s medical community to England