In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution of 1917, many Russian writers including Ivan Bunin (1870–1953) and Nadezhda Teffi (1872–1952) immigrated to France. Their works were imbued with longing for the bygone epoch and for their lost motherland. In Russian émigré literature, this nostalgic outlook produced the mythology of the Belle Époque as the period of prosperity and social harmony. This romanticized view of the past became integrated in the political and intellectual discourses of two influential French writers, Romain Gary (1914–1980) and Elsa Triolet (1896–1970). The article addresses how Russian nostalgia for a pre-1917 period paved the way for the rise of the myth of the Belle Époque, a myth that became increasingly influential in twentieth-century French history.
This article considers the role of men in a form of feminist expression promoted in women's magazines and novels during the Belle Epoque. “Belle Epoque literary feminism,“ as I have termed it, was characterized by a desire to reconcile gender equality with traditional gender roles, outside of political channels; it was also, I argue, defined by male participation. Focusing on a widespread effort to modernize marriage, the article examines both men and women's discussions of marital equality in the influential women's magazines Femina and La Vie Heureuse; it then considers the role assigned to men in realizing feminist marriage in two popular women's novels, Marcelle Tinayre's La Rebelle and Louise Marie Compain's L'Un vers l'autre.
The Power of Aesthetics in Women’s Cookbooks of the Belle Époque
the Belle Époque, where the dinner party was the locus of social life, this adage ruled. Whether in swanky restaurants or at the family table, for the upper and up-and-coming bourgeoisie, personal and professional relationships were forged and fostered
Nostalgia in its classic form—a longing for home—has commonly welled up among Parisians living far from their city. That kind of nostalgia famously afflicted soldiers called to battle, notably during the drawn-out “Great War.” It also struck civilian Parisians unable to return to their hometown during the Occupation. A more common and widespread form of Parisian nostalgia is the bittersweet remembrance of a time in the past, especially following a bout of charm-destroying changes or urbanist operations, such as those of the Second Empire and the Fifth Republic. Cultural memory has imbued one particular era with the greatest nostalgia: the so-called Belle Époque. More generally, Parisian nostalgia has focused on a memory of the disappearing petit peuple and a handful of picturesque sites, such as pre-1914 Montmartre and, in the late twentieth century, the old central Halles, Belleville, and the Rue de Lappe.
The Case of Chez Palmyre
in Montmartre during the belle époque is important in itself, as it opens a window onto LGBT history, 6 but it also has wider significance. The story of Palmyre’s restaurants highlights the hitherto unacknowledged role of lesbian and gay
the literate elites of French society. Therefore the study delved into something like a one-way discovery—the discovery, by the French bourgeoisie of the belle époque, of the ordinary people who fought in the trenches. To pursue this matter I followed
naturistes et végétariens à la Belle Époque
In reaction to industrial and urban development and its effects on health during the Belle Epoque, doctors endeavored to promote a program of hygienic reform. Militant vegetarians and naturopathy enthusiasts, sharing their apprehensions, translated this program into a number of concrete recommendations. Presented as an alternative solution to the detrimental effects of modern life, these reforms were supposed to guarantee a way of living that would conform to the laws of nature and therefore be conducive to health. The circulation of this health reform program was based both on a nebula of "reformist" organizations, including a key player, the Société Végétarienne de France (the French society for vegetarianism), and on norms of healthy consumption associated with the formation of specific commercial networks.
Verités au pays de veritas
, « Les entretiens de la mémoire de la prospective », 5–6. 14 Michel Crozier, Ma belle époque, 1947–1969 (Paris : Fayard, 2002), 261. 15 Ibid., 262. 16 Shermann Krupp, « The Bureaucratic Phenomenon » (compte rendu de livre), The American Journal of
constraints of the Belle Époque . 13 Holmes's and other essays in A ‘Belle Epoque’? Women in French Society and Culture 1890–1914 examine different ways that women took advantage of opportunities during the early Third Republic to participate in public
, https://belphegor.revues.org . 23 Rachel Mesch, Having It All in the Belle Epoque : How French Women’s Magazines Invented the Modern Woman (Stanford : Stanford CA University Press, 2013).