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Eskimo Art Prototypes in the Chinese Neolithic

A Comparison of Okvik/Old Bering Sea and Liangzhu Ritual Art

Feng Qu

One of the central decorative features of the Okvik/Old Bering Sea (OBS) Eskimo art is a theriomorphic design with an eyelike circle-dot motif. Seventy-five years ago, Henry B. Collins proposed the resemblance between OBS animal motifs and the Taotie (or t'ao t'ieh) faces on Chinese Shang and Zhou bronze wares. However, today his conclusion is based on outdated archaeological data. New evidence in recent decades indicates that the Chinese Bronze Age Taotie originated from mask-like imagery on jade objects of the Liangzhu Neolithic culture, third millennium BC in the Lower Yangtze River region. Comparative studies suggest more similarities in artistic designs between Okvik/OBS and Liangzhu jade than between Okvik/OBS culture and the Shang/Zhou Bronze Age cultures. The prototype theriomorphic design in Okvik/OBS Eskimo art, therefore, may originate from Liangzhu rather than from Shang and Zhou.

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Warplanes to Siberia

Flying the Alaska-Siberia Airway

Craig Lang

What started as a daring idea to fly a biplane from Bellingham, Washington, to Alaska and then across the Bering Strait to Provideniya, Russia, has evolved into a project of international scale. Few people have ever heard of the Lend-Lease Air Route (otherwise known as the Northern Route and the Alaska-Siberia Airway) or know of the key role it played during World War II. It was a vital support network for the Soviet Union and one of the great logistical efforts of the twentieth century. In 2013, the BRAVO 369 Flight Foundation test flew the first leg of this air route as part of the flight recreation and documentary Warplanes to Siberia.

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Julian Agyeman and Yelena Ogneva-Himmelberger, eds., Environmental Justice and Sustainability in the Former Soviet Union Elana Wilson Rowe

Svetlana Vladimirovna Vasileva, Vlast i staroobriadtsy Zabaikalia (konets XVII–nachalo XX vv.). [Power and the Old Believers of Transbaikalia: From the End of the Seventeenth through the Beginning of the Twentieth Century] Robert Montgomery

Natasha Kuhrt, Russian Policy towards China and Japan: The Eltsin and Putin Periods Falk Huettmann

Elana Wilson Rowe, ed., Russia and the North Kate Dunsmore

Sarah Milledge Nelson, Shamanism and the Origin of States: Spirit, Power, and Gender in East Asia Kathleen Osgood Dana

Galsan Tschinag, The Blue Sky Janice Cori Cobb

John R. Bockstoce, Furs and Frontiers in the Far North: The Contest among Native and Foreign Nations for the Bering Strait Fur Trade

Barbara A. Brower and Barbara Rose Johnston, eds., Disappearing Peoples? Indigenous Groups and Ethnic Minorities in South and Central Asia Valerie Alia

Books Received for Review

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. [ Paperback, no price available ] ISBN 978-91-554-9150-5 . Krupnik , Igor , and Michael Chlenov . Yupik Transitions: Change and Survival at Bering Strait, 1900–1960 . Fairbanks : University of Alaska Press , 2013 , 400 pp., figures, tables, maps

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Victoria Churikova, Alexey Druzyaka, and Alina Galimova

unique. Indigenous records are well connected to long-term data on climate and the sea in the Bering Strait region. The print run of the book is small: only 400 copies. The authors have delivered it (sometimes personally) to villages, educational centers

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Anna Bara and Sveta Yamin-Pasternak

reconstructs the development of collaborative relationships between scientists and indigenous experts on the Russian and US sides of the Bering Strait. Vakhtin, with a satirical voice and candid storytelling that makes his contribution particularly entertaining

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An Environmentally Literate Explorer

A. E. Nordenskiöld’s Three Expeditions to the North Asian Coast, 1875–1879

Seija A. Niemi

expeditions covered a vast area, from Greenland in the west to the Bering Strait in the east ( Kish 1973: 495 ; Nathorst 1902: 142 ; Nordenskiöld 1877b: 25–26 ). According to the Swedish geologist Alfred Nathorst, Torell’s expedition of 1861 formed the

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Kendall House, Alexander King, and Karl Mertens

Anthropology, Number 56 . Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2015 , 417 pp. ISBN 978-91-554-9150-5 . Krupnik , Igor , and Michael Chlenov . Yupik Transitions: Change and Survival at Bering Strait, 1900–1960 . Fairbanks : University of

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Andrei V. Grinëv

; investigated the west coast of Alaska in the Bering Strait region; and visited the Hawaiian and Aleutian Islands, California, and the shores of South America and South Africa. 7 After accomplishing the voyage, the brig was obtained by the RAC board of

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Mobility and Infrastructure in the Russian Arctic

Das Sein bestimmt das Bewusstsein?

Nikolai Vakhtin

-Longines. The name was supposed to indicate that the expedition was to go across all Siberia as far as the Bering Strait. As the sponsor’s website still tells us, “L’expédition avec le nom ‘Transi-Bering’ voulait explorer la vie des personnes dans l’extrême nord