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Internal Reasons and the Problem of Climate Change

David Hall

novel route to this conclusion, one that might be labelled ‘philosophical psychology’. Specifically, this article draws upon Bernard Williams's distinction between internal and external reasons to advance an internalist conception of public practical

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Tolerating the Conditionally Tolerant

The Uneasy Case of Salvation Religions

William A. Edmundson

small step from here to the corollary that those who blaspheme must shut up or be shut up. This is not to deny that the proximate motivation of present-day kamikazes often has more to do with “heroic and self-sacrificial dying,” as Bernard Williams

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The Lesson of Carl Schmitt’s Realism

The Autonomy and the Primacy of the Political

Attila Gyulai

Political realism claims that politics should be understood as politics and not as a derivative of any other field of human activity. While contemporary realists often argue for the autonomy of politics, this article suggests that only the primacy of politics can be the starting point of political realism. The aim of the article is to expose a conceptual deficiency, namely, the unclear difference between the autonomy and the primacy approach in contemporary realist theory by going back to Carl Schmitt’s contribution to political realism. It will be argued that Schmitt’s concept of the political foreshadowed the ambiguities of contemporary realist theory, exemplified by key authors such as Bernard Williams, Raymond Geuss and Mark Philp.

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Value Pluralism and Public Ethics

Derek Edyvane and Demetris Tillyris

Berlin, Stuart Hampshire, Bernard Williams and John Gray, is fuelled by an appreciation of the perpetuity of plurality and conflict and, correspondingly, by the conviction that visions of moral unity and harmony are incoherent and implausible. In the view

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‘Richly Imaginative Barbarism’

Stuart Hampshire and the Normality of Conflict

Derek Edyvane

Isaiah Berlin and Bernard Williams. 1 A standard gloss reduces their views to a single and shared outlook: For Berlin, Hampshire, Williams and others, values are intrinsically and perennially plural and the conflicts between them are irreducible

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Babies and Boomers

Intergenerational Democracy and the Political Epidemiology of COVID-19

Toby Rollo

condition as a politics of death: a “necropolitics.” It is difficult to dispute Mbembé's assessment. We find theoretical corroboration in the work of thinkers as diverse as Bernard Williams (1976) , Jeremy Walzer (1973) , Michel Foucault (2008) , and

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To Punish or to Forgive?

Responding to Dirty Hands in Politics

Cristina Roadevin

unjustified. I also argue against De Wijze's sophisticated justification of punishment for dirty hands. In Section 3, I first discuss a conception of moral responsibility proposed by Bernard Williams, according to which agents can be held responsible for

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The Realism of Political Liberalism

Bertjan Wolthuis

. Political Liberalism as an Interpretive Theory Political liberalism is portrayed by Bernard Williams as a kind of ‘political moralism’. This qualification indicates that this kind of political theory represents morality as ‘prior to’ politics and that it

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Isaiah Berlin and the Animal Instinct

Paul Delany

Letter to Jean Floud, quoted in Ignatieff, Isaiah Berlin , 246–247. 9 Isaiah Berlin, Concepts and Categories (London: Hogarth Press, 1978), viii, vii. 10 Bernard Williams, Introduction to Concepts and Categories , xiv, viii. 11 Berlin, Letters

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The Copernican Revolution in Ideology Research; Exploring the Ubiquity of “Progress” in Modern Chinese Thought; History beyond History; Three Stages of the Danish Welfare State through the Prism of Citizen Categories

Tobias Adler-Bartels, Egas Bender de Moniz Bandeira, Kirill Postoutenko, and Johan Strang

. While Freeden thus positions himself in the field of realism in political theory, his distinction between an interpretative and prescriptive realism (chap. 4) also points to a separation from eminent realists such as Raymond Geuss or Bernard Williams