Bolivia is currently immersed in the Education Revolution, based on the implementation of a socio-community education system built upon a series of principles, among which intracultural, intercultural and pluri-lingual education is a fundamental pillar. I conducted ethnographic fieldwork from 2008 to 2010 in a school that put into practice some of these postulates. This article focuses on the articulation of curriculum content, practice and new education policies. The school claimed to carry out what the new law proposed in the context of intraculturalism, interculturalism and multilingualism. This study focused on the articulation of practice and curriculum in the school, regarding the tenets of the new law, and the consequences in relation to racism and essentialization of culture.
Unexpected Consequences of Intercultural Education Policies in Bolivia
The ‘postulate of abundance’. Cholo market and religion in La Paz, Bolivia
In Bolivia's capital city, La Paz, urbanised indigenous highlanders () have produced one of the most successful experiments of indigenous entrepreneurship in the region. Rejecting locally dominant bourgeois values, for example modesty and thriftiness, run a thriving transnational economy of conspicuous consumption placing moral emphasis on spending in excess, and rapidly materialising profit into abundant display – whether through dress, through exhibition of goods or through religious parades. Despite their economic affluence, remain a rather discriminated group from the rest of the urban population for their supposed failure to submit to laws of economic rationality. This article is an attempt to redress the misunderstanding between and elites and to understand the functioning of ’ postulate of abundance both in religious and economic practices. I argue that ‘abundance’ is a salient economic and cosmological value associated with the reproduction of goods and cosmological relations. I suggest that ’ postulate of abundance may provide an insight into a form of market economy in which excess, rather than scarcity, operates as the motivating force for exchange.
La Mano Dura and the Violence of Civil Society in Bolivia
Daniel M. Goldstein, Gloria Achá, Eric Hinojosa, and Theo Roncken
Vigilante violence has become a common practice of creating 'security' in the marginal barrios that surround the city of Cochabamba, Bolivia. Surprisingly, this violence and the human rights violations it entails are appearing simultaneously with the expansion of civil society in Bolivia. This apparent contradiction, it is argued here, suggests that analysts must expand their definition of 'civil society' to include violent social groups and actors as well as peaceful ones. This article suggests that a fuller understanding of the nature of civil society in Bolivia and other Latin American countries requires us to broaden our understanding of what civil society includes, and so recognize that some acts originating in civil society may restrict rather than deepen and expand individual rights in neo-liberal democracies.
From Unruly Politics to Democratic Capacitación
The Bolivian non-governmental organization (NGO) JUNTOS 1 is holding a public conversatorio or model dialogue during the annual La Paz, Bolivia book fair. School children race around the stands, laughing and lunging at each other while
CIDEM's femicide archive and the process of gendered legal change in Bolivia
In the wrestling ring at the Multipurpose Arena of El Alto, 1 Bolivia, indigenous Aymara women known as cholitas 2 fight women and men. In 2010, a cholita wearing her characteristic pollera (a full, layered skirt) with a matching bright
Color-Coded Sovereignty and the Men in Black
Private Security in a Bolivian Marketplace
Daniel M. Goldstein
The appearance of effective security making—demonstrated through surveillance, visibility, and ongoing performance—is significant to contemporary sovereign authority in urban spaces characterized by quotidian violence and crime. This article examines La Cancha, Cochabamba, Bolivia’s enormous outdoor market, which is policed not by the state but by private security firms that operate as nonstate sovereign actors in the space of the market. The article provides an ethnographic account of one of these firms (the Men in Black), and documents the work of both municipal and national police—all of them distinguished by differently colored uniforms—in the management of crime, administration of justice, and establishment of public order in the market. Sovereignty here is derived through public performance, both violent and nonviolent, through which the Men in Black demonstrate and maintain their sovereign power.
Domesticating Democracy: The Politics of Conflict Resolution in Bolivia Susan Helen Ellison. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2018, ISBN: 9780822371083, 296 pp., Pb. $25.95. Reviewed by Nico Tassi Domesticating Democracy is an in
Paaras Abbas and Into A. Goudsmit
Ellison, Susan Helen (2018), Domesticating Democracy: The Politics of Conflict Resolution in Bolivia (Durham, NC: Duke University Press). I have often felt wonderment exploring cities’ streets and alleys when faced by a public office block brimming
New languages of the state: Indigenous resurgence and the politics of knowledge in Bolivia by Gustafson, Bret
Aditi Aggarwal, Elisabeth Lund Engebretsen, Amanda K. Phillips de Lucas, and Kevin Vrevich
understand ongoing transformations in the Sinophone world from the perspectives of gender and sexual minorities, this is a book warmly recommended. Mobility and Citizenship in the Bolivian Lowlands Ben Nobbs-Thiessen, Landscapes of Migration