This article aims to unravel the complex negotiations surrounding property settlements and custody in cases of divorce in customary courts in Botswana today in the light of an earlier legacy of penalising divorce initiators. It argues that women’s attempts to get their husbands to initiate divorce proceedings can entangle women in lengthy negotiations and ultimately frustrate the aim of achieving a divorce. Repeated court hearings can last for years, we show. At the same time, in Botswana’s statutory courts today, an equal division of property irrespective of the causes of marital breakdown has become established practice. In the article, we aim to show that customary laws regarding property settlement in divorce have indeed changed, gradually adjusting to notions of equity in women’s rights in marriage, in response to a wider ideological, critical movement, even though chiefs or headmen presiding over customary courts do not always explicitly acknowledge this change.
Divorce as Process, Botswana Style
Customary Courts, Gender Activism and Legal Pluralism in Historical Perspective
Pnina Werbner and Richard Werbner
A Case of Insult
Emotion, Law, and Witchcraft Accusations in a Botswana Village Customary Court
Pnina Werbner and Richard Werbner
, however, this article demonstrates that in customary courts in Botswana, insults as speech acts are considered ‘inchoate crimes’. Such inchoate crimes, as defined by Richard Wilson (2017: 26) , are akin to hate crimes or, in Wilson's examples, to
Town-State Formations on the Edge of the Kalahari
Social-Cultura Dynamics of Centralization in Northern Tswana Kingdoms
While the people of pre-colonial and colonial societies in Africa often lived in scattered, sparse settlements, the people of the Northern Tswana kingdoms (present-day Botswana) were found in large towns with thousands of residents. This is puzzling in view of their location on the edge of the Kalahari, where such concentrations would normally be least expected. Moreover, while pastoralism is generally considered antithetical to the formation of densely settled populations, cattle have featured centrally in these kingdoms' political economy. Breaking away from ecological determinism, the author argues that the role played by cattle in these societies was mediated through social and political processes that favor both state formation and large, compact settlements. The article is particularly concerned with the centripetal forces vested in the cultural and symbolic wealth of Tswana royal towns.
Holy hustlers, schism, and prophecy. Apostolic reformation in Botswana by Werbner, Richard
RUY LLERA BLANES
Death in a church of life. Moral passion during Botswana's time of Aids by Klaits, Frederick
JAN DE WOLF
Bruce O'Neill, Helene Maria Kyed, Pauline Peters, Ruy Llera Blanes, and Hege Toje
Martin Demant Frederiksen, Young Men, Time, and Boredom in the Republic of Georgia (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2013), 214 pp. ISBN 9781439909188.
Didier Fassin, Enforcing Order: An Ethnography of Urban Policing (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2013), 320 pp. ISBN 9780745664798.
Ørnulf Gulbrandsen, The State and the Social: State Formation in Botswana and Its Pre-colonial and Colonial Genealogies (New York: Berghahn Books, 2014), 343 pp. ISBN 9781782383253.
Franco La Cecla and Piero Zanini, The Culture of Ethics, trans. Lydia G. Cochrane (Chicago: Prickly Paradigm Press, 2013), 119 pp. ISBN 9780984201044.
Madeleine Reeves, Border Work: Spatial Lives of the State in Rural Central Asia (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2014), 292 pp. ISBN 9780801477065.
Book Reviewed in this article: Abu‐Lughod, Lila. 2004. Dramas of nationhood. The politics of television in Egypt. Bauman, Richard. 2004. A world of others’words. Cross‐cultural perspectives on intertextuality. Beckerman, Wilfred. 2002. A poverty of reason. Sustainable development and economic growth. Byron, Reginald (ed.). 2003. Retrenchment and regeneration in rural Newfoundland. Carsten, Janet. 2004. After kinship. De Boeck, Filip, and Marie Françoise Plissart. 2004. Kinshasa. Tales of the invisible city. Dennis, Philip A. 2004. The Miskitu people of Awastara. Gottlieb, Alma. 2004. The afterlife is where we come from. The culture of infancy in West Africa. Howes, David (ed.). 2005. The empire of the senses. The sensual culture reader. Kohl, Karl‐Heinz. 2003. Die Macht der Dinge. Geschichte und Theorie sakraler Objekte. Kürti, László. 2002. Youth and the state in Hungary. Capitalism, communism and class. Kushner, Tony. 2004. We Europeans? Mass Observation,‘race’and British identity in the twentieth century. Liechty, Mark. 2002. Suitably modern. Making middle‐class culture in a new consumer society. Machado‐Borges, Thaïs. 2003. Only for you! Brazilians and the telenovela flow. Meskell, Lynn. 2002. Private life in New Kingdom Egypt. Pun, Ngai. 2005. Made in China. Women factory workers in a global workplace. Saugestad, Sidsel. 2001. The inconvenient indigenous. Remote area development in Botswana, donor assistance and the First People of the Kalahari. Spencer, Paul. 2004. The Maasai of Matapato. A study of rituals of rebellion. Vázquez León, Luis. 2003. El Leviatá n arqueoló gico. Anthropoloía de una tradició n científica en México. Warren, Kay B., and Jean E. Jackson (eds). 2002. Indigenous movements, self‐representation and the state in Latin America.
Book and Film Reviews
Galina Oustinova-Stjepanovic, Joana Bahia, Luiz Costa, Jonathan Mair, Dolores P. Martinez, Stephan Feuchtwang, Richard Irvine, Stephen D. Glazier, Diana Espirito Santo, Simion Pop, William Dawley, Emily B. Baran, Richard Baxstrom, Anastasios Panagiotopoulos, Mette High, Amy Whitehead, Sindre Bangstad, Thomas G. Kirsch, and Ruy Llera Blanes
BUBANDT, Nils, and Martijn VAN BEEK, eds., Varieties of Secularism in Asia: Anthropological Explorations of Religion, Politics and the Spiritual, 261 pp., illustrations, index. London: Routledge, 2012. Hardback, $145. ISBN 9780415616720.
CAPONE, Stefania, Searching for Africa in Brazil: Power and Tradition in Candomblé, 336 pp., illustrations, notes, bibliography, index. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010. Paperback, $23.95. ISBN 9780822346364.
COURSE, Magnus, Becoming Mapuche: Person and Ritual in Indigenous Chile, 224 pp., illustrations, notes, glossary, index. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2011. Paperback, $25. ISBN 9780252078231.
DAY, Abby, Believing in Belonging: Belief and Social Identity in the Modern World, 224 pp., references, index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Hardback, £55, $99. ISBN 9780199577873.
ENDRES, Kirsten W., Performing the Divine: Mediums, Markets and Modernity in Urban Vietnam, 240 pp., bibliography, index. Copenhagen: Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, 2011. Paperback, £16.99, $32. ISBN 9788776940768.
FJELSTAD, Karen, and Nguyen THIHIEN, Spirits without Borders: Vietnamese Spirit Mediums in a Transnational Age, 230 pp., glossary, notes, references, index. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. Hardback, $90. ISBN 9780230114937.
GEERTZ, Armin W., and Jappe Sinding JENSEN, eds., Religious Narrative, Cognition and Culture: Image and Word in the Mind of Narrative, 348 pp. Sheffield: Equinox, 2011. Paperback, £24.99, $39.95. ISBN 9781845532956.
GRIFFITH, Ezra E. H., Ye Shall Dream: Patriarch Granville Williams and the Barbados Spiritual Baptists, 207 pp., references, index. Mona: University of the West Indies Press, 2010. Paperback, $35. ISBN 9789766402433.
HAYES, Kelly E., Holy Harlots: Femininity, Sexuality, and Black Magic in Brazil, xiii, 293 pp., illustrations, notes, bibliography, index. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011. Paperback, $27.95, £19.95. ISBN 9780520262652.
KAPFERER, Bruce, Kari TELLE, and Annelin ERIKSEN, eds., Contemporary Religiosities: Emergent Socialities and the Post-Nation-State, 221 pp., illustrations, bibliography, index. New York: Berghahn Books, 2010. Paperback, $25, £15. ISBN 9780857451309.
LINDHARDT, Martin, ed., Practicing the Faith: The Ritual Life of Pentecostal-Charismatic Christians, 352 pp., tables, bibliography, index. New York: Berghahn Books, 2011. Hardback, $95, £55. ISBN 9781845457709.
LUEHRMANN, Sonja, Secularism Soviet Style: Teaching Atheism and Religion in a Volga Republic, 292 pp., illustrations, maps, glossary, notes, references, index. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2011. Paperback, $27.95. ISBN 9780253223555.
OBEYESEKERE, Gananath, The Awakened Ones: Phenomenology of Visionary Experience, xx + 622 pp., illustrations, notes, glossary, index. New York: Columbia University Press, 2012. Hardback, $50, £34.50. ISBN 9780231153621.
OCHOA, Todd Ramón, Society of the Dead: Quita Manaquita and Palo Praise in Cuba, 328 pp., notes, bibliography, index. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010. Paperback, $26.95, £18.95. ISBN 9780520256842.
PEDERSEN, Morten Axel, Not Quite Shamans: Spirit Worlds and Political Lives in Northern Mongolia, 250 pp., bibliography, glossary, index. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2011. Paperback, $28.95. ISBN 9780801476204.
ROUNTREE, Kathryn, Crafting Contemporary Pagan Identities in a Catholic Society, 206 pp., figures, bibliography, index. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2010. Hardback, £55, $82. ISBN 9780754669739.
WARNER, Michael, Jonathan VANANTWERPEN, and Craig CALHOUN, eds., Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age, 337 pp., name index, subject index. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010. Paperback, $46.50. ISBN 9780674048577.
WERBNER, Richard, Holy Hustlers, Schism, and Prophecy: Apostolic Reformation in Botswana, 268 pp., illustrations, notes, references, index, DVD. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011. Hardback, $60. ISBN 9780520268531.
COLOMBANI, Hervé, dir., Nouvelle Terre Promise, 45 min., color. Paris: CNRS Images, 2008.
Nefissa Naguib, Pauline Peters, Nancy Ries, Murray Garde, Zhiying Ma, and Frédéric Keck
contemporary life of Egyptian farmers. Nefissa Naguib University of Oslo Catie Gressier , At Home in the Okavango: White Botswana Narratives of Emplacement and Belonging (New York: Berghahn Books, 2015), 258 pp., illustrations, bibliography, references, index
, P. ( 2003 ), Pilgrims of Love: The Anthropology of a Global Sufi Cult ( London : Hurst ). Werbner , P. ( 2014 ), The Making of an African Working Class: Politics, Law and Cultural Protest in the Manual Workers Union of Botswana ( London