The social achievements of 14 years of Workers’ Party (PT) governance in Brazil (2003–2016) have been widely reported in the international arena, with much praise being given for the work of presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (Lula) and Dilma
Navigating a critical ethnography of wealth elites
Luis, an island city of close to a million people, located on Brazil’s north coast, 2,700 kilometers away. His cousin whom he was traveling with was among the thousands of seasonal migrants who journey year after year from the northeast to the south for
In December 2015 at the 21st Convention of Parties (COP 21) in Paris, Brazil pledged to continue to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 37 percent below 2005 rates. One of the primary ways they pledged to do this is to reduce deforestation rates
Moving beyond Carceral Logics
of the urban periphery – or favela zone – of the predominantly Afro-Brazilian city of Salvador, Bahia. Favela zones are made possible by extralegality – for example, by unofficial tolerance of squatter settlements and pirated utilities ( Gledhill and
Marjo de Theije
Based on research in Brazil, the author discusses three local situations of conflict and social protest, using a transnational perspective. She concentrates on the use of universal claims of Catholicism in local negotiations of religious change under the influence of different cultural campaigns. The clashes in question are divided into those involving local political problems and those concerning the religious domain itself. The analysis shows that in each of the cases—albeit with different intensity and outcome—the interconnection between translocal processes and the meaning and experience of locality has a significant role in the power plays and the formulations of religious or social protest in the local context.
João Feres Júnior
The author argues that the development of a critical history of concepts should be based on a programmatic position different from that of original Begriffsgeschichte, or of its main interpretations. By drawing upon theoretical insights of Axel Honneth, he reassesses the basic assumption of Begriffsgeschichte regarding the relationship between the history of concepts and social history, and calls attention to the problems that spring from focusing analysis almost exclusively on key concepts. According to Feres, special attention should be paid to concepts that are socially and politically effective, but, at the same time, do not become the subject of public contestation. Based on this programmatic position, he ends the article proposing a sketch for organizing the study of conceptual history in Brazil along three semantic regions.
The making of race and class in Brazil and the United States
Sean T. Mitchell
The extensive literature critiquing the weakness of cross-class Afro-Brazilian solidarity is perhaps equaled in size by the structurally similar literature on the weakness of cross-race working-class solidarity in the United States. For many critics, marginalized or exploited people in Brazil and the United States do not have the political consciousness they ought to have, given apparently objective conditions. What if we started, instead, from E. P. Thompson's insight that class is a “cultural as much as an economic formation,” that it is “a relationship and not a thing,” acknowledging that political consciousness is the partially contingent result of culturally specific struggles and utopias, as much as of determinate historical conditions? Drawing on ethnographic research on conflicts between Afro-Brazilian villagers and Brazil's spaceport, supplemented by comparative data on the mobilization around inequalities in Brazil and in the United States, this article sketches a comparative anthropology of political consciousness that attempts to avoid the objectivizing pitfalls of the genre.
Brazilian prisons are typically crowded and poorly resourced, yet at the same time may be active places. Of particular interest to the sociology of prisons is institutional reliance on inmate collaboration and self-ordering, not only to maintain prison routines, but, in the most low-staffed prisons, security and prisoner conduct as well. This article explores the roles played by inmates in running one such penal institution, a men's police lockup in Rio de Janeiro. At the time of research the lockup had over 450 prisoners, but just five officers. Both on and off the wings inmates performed janitorial, clerical, and guard-like duties, mostly under the supervision not of officers but other prisoners. The lockup appeared to be operating under a relatively stable, if de facto and provisional order, premised on common needs and shared beliefs, and maintained by a hierarchy of prisoner as well as officer authority.
Analytical Routes through Multiple Meanings
Translator : Jeffrey Hoff
In 2016, news circulated about the construction of a monument in the city of Imbituba in Santa Catarina, a state in southern Brazil. The monument is a large portrayal of Saint Paulina, whose official sanctuary is located in another city in the same
Roads to Certainty in Two Brazilian Religions
. These are Candomblé and the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God (hereafter the Universal Church; in Brazil called Igreja Universal Reino de Deus, often shortened to IURD). Setting out from this idea, I shall look deeper into the cosmological ideas of